אדום

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Root
א־ד־ם

Compare Akkadian 𒌑𒁺𒈠𒀀𒀀, Classical Syriac ܐܕܘܡ‎‎, Arabic ادوم‎, Edomite 𐤀𐤃𐤌(ʾdm).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

אדום \ אָדֹם ('adóm) (feminine אדומה \ אֲדֻמָּה‎, masculine plural אדומים \ אֲדֻמִּים‎, feminine plural אדומות \ אֲדֻמּוֹת‎)

  1. red
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]
Colors in Hebrew · צְבָעִים(ts'va'ím) (layout · text)
     לָבָן(laván)      אפור \ אָפֹר('afór)      שחור \ שָׁחֹר(shakhór)
             אדום \ אָדֹם ('adóm); אַרְגָּמָן(argamán)              כתום \ כָּתֹם(katóm); חוּם(khum)              צהוב \ צָהֹב(tsahóv); קרֶם(krem)
             ליים(láym)              ירוק \ יָרֹק(yarók)             
             צִיאָן(tsi'án)              תְּכֵלֶת(t'khélet)              כחול \ כָּחֹל(kakhól)
             סגול \ סָגֹל(sagól); אִינְדִּיגוֹ(índigo)              מָגֶנְטָה(magénta); סגול \ סָגֹל(sagól)              ורוד \ וָרֹד(varód)

Noun[edit]

אדום \ אָדֹם ('adómm

  1. red

Etymology 2[edit]

From אָדֹם (red), see Genesis 25:30. Attested to in Ancient Egyptian as Egyptian jdwmꜥ

iA2dWm&a T14N25

Proper noun[edit]

אֱדוֹם ('edóm)

  1. Edom (name given to Esau)
  2. Edom (region)
  3. Edom (the nation of the Edomites)
  4. (Medieval Hebrew) Christendom, the Christians
    • 1140, Yehuda HaLevi, “1:6”, in Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon, transl., Sefer Kuzari:
      אַחַר כָּךְ אָמַר הַכּוּזָרִי בְלִבּוֹ, אֶשְׁאַל אֱדוֹם וְיִשְׁמָעִאל, כִּי אֶחָד מִשְּׁנֵי הַמַּעֲשִׂים הוּא הַנִּרְצֶה מֵאֵין סָפֵק.‎‎
      After this the Khazar said to himself, I will ask the Christians and the Muslims, for one of these two is undoubtedly God's will.
      (literally, “After this the Khazar said in his heart, I will ask Edom and Ishmael, for one of these two actions is that which is wanted, without a doubt.”)

Anagrams[edit]