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- (linguistics) A word or other linguistic form borrowed from a classical language into a later one, but partly reshaped based on later sound changes or by analogy with inherited words in the language. These words occur, for example, in the Romance and the Indo-Aryan languages.
- 1960, Paul M. Lloyd, A Linguistic Analysis of Old Spanish Occupational Terms, page 102:
- Canónigo 'canon' , a semi-learned borrowing from L. canonicus, still shows the suffix -icus with almost no change.
- 1996, Huw M. Edwards, Dafydd Ap Gwilym: Influences and Analogues, page 1:
- Chotzen goes on to consider the possibility of a borrowing from the plural clerc/clers or even a late semi-learned borrowing from clerus.
- 2007, John Carey, Ireland and the Grail, page 64:
- The father of Brân and Manawydan is himself often given the epithet Llediaith 'Half-speech': as Rachel Bromwich has observed, 'if Manawydan fab Llŷr is indeed to be regarded as a creation based on a semi-learned borrowing from Ireland to Wales, one is tempted to connect Llŷr's epithet lledieith with his foreign origin'.