semi-learned borrowing

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semi-learned borrowing (plural semi-learned borrowings)

  1. (linguistics) A word or other linguistic form borrowed from a classical language into a later one, but partly reshaped based on later sound changes or by analogy with inherited words in the language. These words occur, for example, in the Romance and the Indo-Aryan languages.
    Synonyms: semi-learned loanword, semi-learned loan
    Hyponym: semi-tatsama
    Coordinate term: learned borrowing
    • 1960, Paul M. Lloyd, A Linguistic Analysis of Old Spanish Occupational Terms, page 102:
      Canónigo 'canon' , a semi-learned borrowing from L. canonicus, still shows the suffix -icus with almost no change.
    • 1996, Huw M. Edwards, Dafydd Ap Gwilym: Influences and Analogues, page 1:
      Chotzen goes on to consider the possibility of a borrowing from the plural clerc/clers or even a late semi-learned borrowing from clerus.
    • 2007, John Carey, Ireland and the Grail, page 64:
      The father of Brân and Manawydan is himself often given the epithet Llediaith 'Half-speech': as Rachel Bromwich has observed, 'if Manawydan fab Llŷr is indeed to be regarded as a creation based on a semi-learned borrowing from Ireland to Wales, one is tempted to connect Llŷr's epithet lledieith with his foreign origin'.


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