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Hi, I'm -sche (IPA(key): [ʃeɪ], like the tree). Along with other editors, I help maintain Wiktionary's Hall of Fame (containing entries with exceptionally many definitions, spellings, etc) and Appendix of terms considered difficult to translate into English.

Projects on my to-do list include updating the out-of-date Wiktionary:Style guide (and improving its relationship with Wiktionary:Entry layout). Likewise, updating and sorting out the relationships between Appendix:English pronunciation, as well as Appendix:IPA characters, Wiktionary:IPA/Wiktionary:International Phonetic Alphabet, Wiktionary:IPA pronunciation key and WT:PRON/Wiktionary:Pronunciation. More generally, going through everything in the WT namespace, cross-linking when appropriate and RFDing empty pages.

Sooner or later a few remaining missing codes need to be created or moved to a Wiktionary:-namespace record of which codes have been intentionally excluded, while ISO-retired codes need to be retired or intentionally retained. (There are currently 8166 language codes.)


en I speak English.

de Ich spreche Deutsch.
(Manchmal sogar Hochdeutsch...)

non-2 Ek hefi grundvallar-kunnátta hinnar dǫnsku tungu.

goh-1 Ih habēn luzzila kunst dera Diutiskūn sprahha.

abe-1 Nd'idam alnôbaôdwaiwi.

ang-1 Iċ cann mē seolf mid middelre mǣþe Englisces ferian.

interesting words[edit]

destinating, latrate, akkautua, destinate, ashlar, fakon, prosopopesis, lect, begarlanded, blanketly, sexuation, unpacking, compensatory lengthening, compensatorily lengthen, jebel, pilkunnussija, flense, cafe' (Citations:caffe'), double modal, stacked modal, modal stacking (might could, might should), betwattled, single-hearted, arete, gewiss, ne en unu tago elkreskis Kartago, Agrilus, abstème, de:lauter, friderizianisch/Frederician, mango#Verb, dorveille; medize (Medize, Medise, medise), die Zäsur, aestuous, essorant, élisabéthain, terpsichorean, chambrer, von dannen, von hinnen, uberty, mash, hoyden, Serkland, vagabondage, marcescence, marcescent, mirific, vocable, aprosdoketon, running dog, manqué, squantum, belligerati, cliterati, natatorium, wantok, patteran, lawn (clothing), age-mate, algedonic, reechy, hoplochrism, ǀxâã, dtʻkxʻàba, ǂkxʻái, ǂàã, uxorilocal/matrilocal, virilocal/patrilocal, peri (including the missing sense of "beautiful person"), antilogy, tergiversation, gunge, viande, kétségbeesés, gülünçleşmek, ambilevous, hołpander, misocapnist
dehisce/indehiscent/etc, teaghlach, intrasexual, marl, ahahci (to touch the body of (a pregnant or sick woman) to ascertain wellness”, “to caress (a person), to touch repeatedly”, “to pet (an animal)), piemirst, aizmirsība, aizmārša, flaneur, backfisch/Backfisch, kapulakieli (lit. "cudgel language", but meaning "obscure jargon"), knawvshawl, jargonium, euonym, suffrutescent, steckbrieflich, Lethean, зэзэуэгъагъэх (probably unattested), hen, fortochka, arboresco/arboresce, Sasha, Anya, interstice, syncretic, suppletive, raging agreement, xłp̓x̣ʷłtłpłłskʷc̓, mitverantwortlich vs eigenverantwortlich, amok#Noun, galactagogue, jill of all trades, als U-Boot, genderfucked, multiproblematic, criterial, fisseln, louche, cicatrix, neuralgisch, short (of pastry: brittle), anderweitig, clepsydra, fremdschämen/Fremdscham, Naktivist, capacious, momentane, invaginate, misprision, sconvenire, culture vulture
daddock, a-tok-á, various mining damps, pitmatic, farrier, jubarb, amnicolist, gallowglass, venefice/veneficial, hasp, oakum, peripatetic, bake ("cook using heat" or "harden using cold"), grouty (needs citations), traluire, pulverulent, bilderstürmerisch, velleity, futbolísticamente, chleuh, preterist, zetetic, morirsene, adscititious, omnisexual, abature, absume, mirativity, разлюбить and разлюбвам (which might even be real words, unlike their more famous relative), ფრცქვნის/მწვრთნელი/გვფრცქვნის/გვფრცქვნით/გვფრცქვნი, stillatitious, 土器 and 粗大ごみ (polysemous), tiffin, despect, despective, yonic, eisegete/exegete; dragée ("candy", "sugar-coated pill", "bullet"), feuillemorte, myn, paurometabolous, cloud-headed, kuin Iisakin kirkkoa, karhunpeijaiset; isinglass; ffwrcho; genderphobia; quillet, discuss = disperse
interlacustrine, bjørnetjeneste, maxauhtinemi, defervescence, catastrophize, ainder (nonvirgin; virgin), cindo, convalligiano, cymorth, คว่ำบาตร, America at home

Words with ancient attestations: ek/ek/ég/ᛖᚲ, Heri, du, ᚱᚢᚾᛟ/rún, ᚺᛟᚱᚾᚨ.

wanted entries[edit]

Already have citations[edit]
Entries that may become attestable soon, because they are already partway there.
Entries are systematically categorized in Category:English citations of undefined terms and similar categories for other languages (unless there is a page with {{no entry}}?). This list is (mostly) words in which I have some particular interest. You are welcome to add words you have interest in too, if you like (just don't add, like, the entirety of that category); I go through the list from time to time and see what's become citable.
Check: books (Google Books), journals (Google Scholar), magazines and newspapers (Issuu), (printed, archived) newspapers, theses and dissertations that universities archive (Google for PDFs on .edu sites, where there's evidence of a paper copy also existing), Usenet,...
three or more citations (but some are different senses, or are mentions, etc)
misc: glycosylflavone, cyclomorusin, morusin, kuwanon, formonontin, texasin, odoratin, mirkoin
consensus (verb), consensusing, consensused
jealous or jealouse (verb), jealousing, jealoused (possibly two verbs, one modern, one archaic)
stress wood (compare reaction wood, tension wood, compression wood)
two citations
one to two citations
one citation
  • Citations:Jesu or any other such Latinate genitive would be an interesting curio
    • 1890, "The Registers of the Ephrata Community", in The Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, page 393:
      In the Lord fell asleep, the 20th (of) August in the year 1791, his age was 82 years; he was from his youth a Warrior of Jesu Christi; and suffered very much until his Death, he was blind near 16 years.
    • 1902, New York (State). State Historian, Ecclesiastical Records, State of New York, page 2960:
      Consistory of the Congregation of Jesu Christi at Pakeepsie and the Vischkill. New York, the 26th of May, 1747.
    • 1887, Catalogue of Printed Books: A-A., page 255:
      [Another edition.] A new booke of destillatyon of Jesu Christi ...
    • 1979, Willem Hendrik Beuken, James H. Marrow, Mirror of the life of our Lord, Purdue University Press
      The work is entitled The Myrrour of the Blessed Lyf of Jesu Christi. In M. 868, Jesus is addressed (folio 28v) as []
no clearly usable citations, but good reason to think the terms are real / will become attestable in time
MaGe, MAGE, MaGes, MAGEs: "marginalized gender(s)": see Talk:mage
audibilize (cf auralize, audialize)
tactualize (cf tactilize)
other / see also
  • 1983, Norris McWhirter, Guinness Book of World Records 1984, page 136:
    The highest named number outside the decimal notation is the Buddhist asankhyeya, which is equal to 10140 or 100 quinto-quadragintillions.
  • 2020, R Nelson, Hidden in plain sight, in A Brief Journey in Discrete Mathematics:
    It's maddening, however, that there is no equation for the n'th prime. No one who has walked the earth, and even perhaps who will ever walk the earth, knows the 17 quadragintillion'th prime.
  • lover wolf: a loafer/lobo wolf:
  • 2004, Robert N. Smead, Vocabulario Vaquero/Cowboy Talk: A Dictionary of Spanish Terms from the American West, University of Oklahoma Press (→ISBN), page 115:
    loafer, loafer wolf, lover wolf: See lobo (1), (2). lobo: (Sp. model spelled same [ 16po] 'wolf < Latin lupum). (1) A wolf in general. Alternate forms: loafer, loafer wolf, lobo wolf, lobos wolf, loper, lover wolf. (2) DARE: 1852. The combination lobo ...
  • 1895, Henry Mills Alden, Harper's New Monthly Magazine, page 612:
    Chaps, from chapparajos, is only one of many transfers from the Mexican. one out of (I should suppose) several hundred; and in lover-wolf is a singular instance of half—baked translation. Lobo, pronounced lovo, being the Spanish for wolf, ...
  • 1895, Henry Mills Alden, Frederick Lewis Allen, Lee Foster Hartman, Thomas Bucklin Wells, Harper's Magazine, page 612:
    Lover-wolf is a word anchored to its district. In the Northwest, though the same animal roams there as dangerously, his Texas name would be as unknown as the Northwest's word for Indian, siwash, from sauvage, would be along the Rio [Grande] ...
trans words
  • MichFest, with reference to its transphobia:
    seems potentially idiomatic, there is no other reference to the festival in the book:
    • 2016, April Daniels, Dreadnought, Diversion Books (→ISBN):
      “I knew she was old school, but I didn't think she'd go all MichFest on you.” “So you just sent her my medical file?” I shout at her. “Isn't that supposed to be private? You don't even know if she hates trans people or not and you tell her what chromosomes I have?”
    probably just a reference to the specific festival:
    • 2012, Lisa Lees, A Triangular Attraction (→ISBN):
      "Our best friend is trans. You couldn't pay me to go anywhere near Michfest, even though the doctor put 'female' on my birth certificate. Sorry."
  • greygender
  • 2016, Stephanie Brill, Lisa Kenney, The Transgender Teen, Cleis Press (→ISBN):
    For example, a demiguy or demiboy identifies partially as a boy/man/masculine, but not entirely. [] A demigender person may identify as demifluid or demiflux; this indicates that a part of one's identity remains stable while the other part or parts are fluid. Often, a demiflux person feels that the stable part of their identity is gender neutral or non-binary.
  • 2019, Madison-Amy Webb, A Reflective Guide to Gender Identity Counselling, Jessica Kingsley Publishers (→ISBN), page 39:
    Being demigender is not dependent on how much (as in percentage) someone identifies as one gender; it solely depends on if a person identifies as partially.
  • 2019, Genny Beemyn, Trans People in Higher Education, SUNY Press (→ISBN), page 297:
    [] Examples of demigender identities include demigirl, demiboy, and demiandrogyne.
  • demi- (partially), used in compounds
  • 2019, Jamison Green, Rhea Ashley Hoskin, Cris Mayo, sj Miller, Navigating Trans and Complex Gender Identities, Bloomsbury Publishing (→ISBN)
    Demifluid: the feeling your gender being fluid throughout all the demigenders; the feeling of having multiple genders, some static and some fluid
    Demiflux: the feeling of having multiple genders, some static and some fluctuating
    Demigender: a gender that is partially one gender and partially another

Carolina caviar

  1. &lit
    1. roe of trout or menhaden or sturgeon (from the Carolinas or elsewhere in the South)
  2. pimiento cheese
  3. a dish of black-eyed peas, to which may be added onion, tomatoes, corn, and spices
  • 2002, Damon Lee Fowler, Damon Lee Fowler's New Southern Kitchen: Traditional Flavors for Contemporary Cooks, Simon and Schuster, →ISBN, page 72:
    Southern Caviar with Corn Bread Madeleines (or Mini Hoecakes) There is an almost ubiquitous black-eyed pea salad that ... unsalted butter, or extra-virgin olive oil 4 ounces Georgia or Carolina caviar (see headnote, above) 1 cup sour []
  • 2013 December 17, Damon Fowler, Essentials of Southern Cooking: Techniques and Flavors of a Classic American Cuisine, Rowman & Littlefield, →ISBN, page 41:
    (or mini hoecakes) There is an almost ubiquitous black-eyed pea salad that has become popular under the names “South- ern,” "Texas," or just "Redneck" caviar. It's delicious, but that isn't what I'm talking about here. I mean the real thing, sturgeon roe, harvested from Southern waters [...] use mini muffin pans orjust lightly grease a cookie sheet 4 ounces Georgia or Carolina caviar (see notes []
  • 2006, Margaret McCullers Kocsis, Savvy Eating for the Whole Family: Whole Foods, Whole Family, Whole Life, Capital Books, →ISBN, page 218:
    Carolina Caviar This makes a great side dish . You can also serve it with wholegrain crackers or pita chips for an hors d'oeuvre or a snack . 2 ( 15 - ounce ) cans black - eyed peas , drained and rinsed 1 small sweet purple onion []
  • 1992, Hugh W. Foster, Someone of Value: A Biography of Robert Ruark:
    You should taste that skillet grease in the black - eyed peas- called North Carolina caviar- and equally in the string beans . You can still taste iteven with a premium on fryin ' fats- and what they are using to wet down the iron I []
  • 2015 October 1, Gabrielle Balkan, The 50 States: Explore the U.S.A. with 50 fact-filled maps!, Wide Eyed Editions, →ISBN, page 83:
    1954: The Pimento Cheeseburger, made with pimento cheese, or “Carolina caviar,” is purportedly invented in Colombia. JULY 6, 1957: Althea Gibson is the first black American to win Wimbledon; she goes on to win the U.S. Open in September []
  • 2018 August 6, Perre Coleman Magness, Southern Snacks: 77 Recipes for Small Bites with Big Flavors, UNC Press Books, →ISBN:
    Carolina Caviar is a popular, hearty tailgating snack and the perfect party dip for New Year's Day, when eating black-eyed peas is said to bring good luck. 1/2 cup vegetable oil 1/4 cup apple cider vinegar 1.
  • 2015 October 1, Gabrielle Balkan, The 50 States: Explore the U.S.A. with 50 fact-filled maps!, Wide Eyed Editions, →ISBN, page 83:
    1954: The Pimento Cheeseburger, made with pimento cheese, or “Carolina caviar,” is purportedly invented in Colombia. JULY 6, 1957: Althea Gibson is the first black American to win Wimbledon; she goes on to win the U.S. Open in September []
  • 2017 January 20, The Editors of Southern Living, Southern Living Quick & Easy: Over 600 Of Our Best Fast & Delicious Dishes For Everyday Suppers, Time Inc. Books, →ISBN:
    Combine all ingredients except avocado. Gently stir in avocado. Cover and chill at least 2 hours. Serve with tortilla chips or grilled fish or chicken. Makes about 6 cups. Carolina Caviar This isn't a real caviar, but rather a.
  • The Fried Green Tomato Swindle and Other Southern Culinary Adventures (Revised & Expanded Edition) (publisher: Robert F. Moss), page 17:
    It has been dubbed “the pâté of the South” and “Carolina caviar.” In The Place Setting, Fred Sauceman writes that pimento cheese “lines up alongside barbecue, grits, and cornbread as one of the foods that define the South.
  • 2009 April 28, Julia Reed, Ham Biscuits, Hostess Gowns, and Other Southern Specialties: An Entertaining Life (with Recipes), St. Martin's Press, →ISBN:
    But I must have drawn a subconscious line when it came to pimento cheese, otherwise known as “Southern pate” or “Carolina caviar.” For all the current popularity of Southern food and Southern cookbooks, it is one of those things like []
  • 2020 September 29, Steve Doocy; Kathy Doocy, The Happy in a Hurry Cookbook: 100-Plus Fast and Easy New Recipes That Taste Like Home, HarperCollins, →ISBN:
    The ham was fancy thin-sliced Italian prosciutto, and it topped a perfect-size portion of pimiento cheese dip, which we refer to at our house as Carolina Caviar—because we first fell in love with it in South Carolina. It was so good.
  • 1992, Mildred Jordan Brooks, Southern Stuff: Down-home Talk and Bodacious Lore from Deep in the Heart of Dixie, →ISBN:
    North Carolina caviar , n . The roe of the menhaden , a fish . n northside manners . If you observe this kind of manners in “ Chollston , ” S.C. , most likely you were to the manner born . ( It all had to do with the unique architecture []
  • 1992, Hugh W. Foster, Someone of Value: A Biography of Robert Ruark:
    You should taste that skillet grease in the black - eyed peas- called North Carolina caviar- and equally in the string beans . You can still taste iteven with a premium on fryin ' fats- and what they are using to wet down the iron I []
  • 1994, Wildlife in North Carolina:
    Sometimes it's even called Carolina caviar , though the same name is applied to shad roe as well . Not many years ago it was common to see roe drying in the sun on tables and benches near the fish docks . In judging mullet roe for the []
Germanic lects[edit]
Volga German
Low German incl. Mennonite LG
Sathmar Swabian
Zipser German
Southern Bavarian lects spoken in Italy and Slovenia
Walser lects spoken in Italy
From the Special: list[edit]

See w:Wikipedia:Typo_Team/moss.

  • French: affouche, lafouche (used especially on Maurice, Reunion): any of several native figs. Various forms exist due to confusion of l'affouche, la fouche, laf(f)ouche.
  • E. Jacob de Cordemoy, Flore de l'île de la Réunion (phanérogames) cryptogames vasculaires (1895), identifies several species: F. rubra Vahl., Enum., II, 191. F. pyrifolia Lam. (Vulg. Affouche rouge.); F. lucens Cordem. (vulg. Grand Affouche.); F. cinerea Cordem. (vulg. Affouche blanc.); F. terebrata W., Sp., Pl. IV, 1145. F. pertusa bory, Voy., I, 353, tab.-XVII. (Vulg. Affouche bâtard.)
  • Marc Rivière, Les plantes médicinales à l' Île de la Réunion: Homonymes (2007): Les affouches sont des ficus, sans aucun doute ! Mais tous les ficus ne sont pas des affouches. D'où vient le mot affouche ? Pas du malgache sûrement !
  • Annegret Bollée, Dictionnaire étymologique des créoles français de l'Océan Indien, lemmatizes "afus (lafus, lafurs, zafus)" and mentions (without reproducing) examples from Reunion of affouche (1672), affourche and fourche (1712), and afouge, as well as the Ficus species affouche bâtard, affouche blanc, grand affouche, and affouche rouge, as well as afus, lafus (lafus malbar, lafus malgas), and zafus (zafus blã, grã zafus, zafus ruz); and examples from Maurice of (la) fouche vers (1755), (la) fouche bâtard, afouche rouge (1864), as well as lafurs, lafus. Also: "rod. lafurs [...]; sey. lafus."
  • asa Pare words (see also RFM): ikinda "banana tree", mshambi "tail of a sheep". Iraqw words: lee'i "goat". Zigua: guluka "run (verb)", gamba "talk (verb)", kala "hunt (verb)" (also with prefix, see RFM). Alagwa and Burunge: gimba "talk (verb)". Dahalo: girigiri "fast".
misc racist/racial terms:
zambis, quatravis, tresalvis, coyotes, saltatras, albarassados, cambusos,
  • 1837, Julien Joseph VIREY, J. H. GUENEBAULT, Natural history of the Negro Race. Extracted from the French [i.e. from the “Histoire naturelle du genre humain”], by J. H. Guenebault, page 117:
    A Griffe and a Zambi produce a Giveros. A Mulatto and a Zambaigi produce a Cambujo. In this second division of the third class the offspring [...] take at least of seven or eight kinds of blood, and as these complications are multiplied, all the  ...
  • 2013, Jon M. Mikkelsen, Kant and the Concept of Race: Late Eighteenth-Century Writings, SUNY Press (→ISBN), page 207:
    much darker, or blacker, than <that of> the mulatto. ... is the son of a mulatto woman and a Cambujo male; a Cambujo is the son of a mulatto woman and a Zambaigo male; and, finally, <a> Zambaigo is the son of a Zambi and an American.
  • 1894, Joseph Elias Hayne, The Black Man: Or, The Natural History of the Hametic Race, page 31:
    Griffes, or Cabres, are the outcome of the union between a black Hainite and a mulatto woman. Zambaigi is the product arising from coition between a Carribean and a Zambi. Where the offspring of a Mestizo and a native American is the result  ...
  • 1837, Julien-Joseph Virey, Natural History of the Negro Race, page 116:
    With an American mestize , a white produces a Quatralvi or castisse . A negro and a mulatto woman produce Griffes or Cabres . A Carribean and a Zambi produce Zambaigi . The offspring of a Mestize and a native American is called Tresalve .
  • 1819, Abraham Rees, The Cyclopaedia; Or, Universal Dictionary of Arts, Sciences and Literature
    ... produce a Saltatra ; an European and Castisso , a which an individual occupies in society . When a common Postifio ; an European and American Quarteron of the fe . man disputes with one of his superiors , he is frequently cond generation ...
  • 1809, William Nicholson, The British Encyclopedia: Or, Dictionary of Arts and Sciences. Comprising an Accurate and Popular View of the Present Improved State of Human Knowledge
    A Mulatto and Terceron produce a Saltatra ; an European and Castisso, a Postisso; an European and American Quarteron, an Octavon. Some carry the genealogy of these hybrid races into the fourth generation, calling the children of  ...
  • 1775, Richard Twiss, Travels Through Portugal and Spain in 1772 and 1773, page 333:
    From a Cambujo and a Mulata, an Albarassado. 15. From an Albarassado and a Mulata, a Barzino. 16. From a Barzino and a Mulata, the issue is a Negro with smooth hair. - This remarkable circumstance of the children of almost white parents, ...
  1. holjba, German Halbe; possible quotation:
    • 1886, Rudolf Strohal, Hrvatskih narodnih pripoviedaka ..., page 117:
      [...] porcija jila i holjba vina. Potroši on se to i poberu [...] njega tanjiri i ta holjba i ne dobi on više nikaj.
  2. kafelefl, German Kaffeelöffel
  3. kafemil, Kaffeemühle
  4. kostšale, Kostschale
  5. krigla, krigl, kriglin, krigljin (see entries)
  6. nudlbret, nudlpret, Nudelbrett, Nudelprett
  7. pajtmlin, (dialectal counterpart of?) Beutelmehl / Mühle
  8. piksa / piksla, Büchse, Austrain Büchsel
  9. platna, Platte, Herdplatte
  10. rajngla, Austrian Reine
  11. ribež, Reibeisen
  12. ringla, Ringl (Herdring)
  13. rerna, rol, ror, Röhre
  14. roštilj, Austrian Roschtl (Grillrost)
  15. sajtlik, Seidelglas, Seitel
  16. supntopf, zupntopf, Suppentopf
  17. šerfa = šeflja, Schöpflöffel
  18. šola = šolja, Schale
  19. špajservis, Speiseservice
see other linked terms:
  • Maria Teresa Espinal i Farré, Diccionari de sinònims de frases fetes (2004, →ISBN), page 931
    de color de gos com fuig SP, de color indefinit / (d'un) color indefinit, brut, especialment propi de les peces de roba que per l'ús o amb el temps han perdut el color original (R-M, EC)
    Duia un vestit usat i lluent de colzes, de color do gos com fuig, que abans devia haver estat gris (També s'usa amb la forma de color de gos quan fuig) (R-M)
    de color d'ala de mosca (p.ext.), de color de catxumbo (p.ext.), de color de merda d'oca (p.ext.)
  • Max Wheeler, ‎Alan Yates, ‎Nicolau Dols, Catalan: A Comprehensive Grammar (2002, →ISBN), page 84:
    ... verd poma 'apple green', groc cadmi 'cadmium yellow', merda d'oca 'dirty beige' (lit. goose shit), ala de mosca 'greyish' (lit. fly's wing), color de gos com fuig 'indeterminate dark colour' (lit. dog fleeing). These adjectives by conversion, simple and compound, sometimes introduced by explanatory color (de), are invariable in gender and number, thus: un gelat rosa 'a pink ice cream', unes cortines verd poma / unes cortines color (de) verd poma 'apple green curtains'.
cf xuta, llampuga

Another source mentions color d'ala de corb, but really? That doesn't mean "black"?

  • Molly Goodkind, ‎Marcella Hayes and Amanda Mitchell, Spanish Civil War and Its Memory (2015, →ISBN), page 66:
    Practically everyone wore rough working-class clothes, or blue overalls or some variant of the militia uniform. But after the Spanish Civil War ended in disaster for the Second Spanish Republic in 1939, fascist-controlled Barcelona was stripped of its rebel bohemian identity, transformed from the black-and-red city into the city “color de gos com fuig” (the color of a dog running away) a drab no-color.
  • Robert Hughes, The Spectacle of Skill: New and Selected Writings of Robert Hughes (2016, →ISBN):
    One strikingly poetic Catalan phrase evokes the drabness of Barcelona twenty-five years ago: color de gos com fuig, the color of a dog running away—that is, no color, indeterminacy, mud, yet with something unquestionably there.
Vielvölkerländchen, friedlich-schiedlich, schiedlich-friedlich
  • 2010, Annemarie Weber, Rumäniendeutsche?: Diskurse zur Gruppenidentität einer Minderheit (1944-1971), Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar (→ISBN), page 5:
    Im Register seiner 1939 erschienenen „Literaturgeschichte des Deutschtums im Ausland“ verwendent Karl Kurt Klein den Begriff „Rumäniendeutschtum“ als Sammelbezeichnung für die unterschiedlichen deutschsprachigen Gruppen Rumäniens. Im „Namen- und Sachweiser“ versieht er das Stichwort „Rumäniendeutschtum“ mit folgenden Verweisen: „Siehe Bessarabiendeutschen Schrifttum. Buchenlanddeutsches Schrifttum. Donaudeutsches Schrifttum. Siebenbürgisch-deutsches Schrifttum“. In der Abhandlung selbst kommt dieser Begriff nicht mehr vor. Klein wählt dafür das Synonym „gesamtrumänisches Deutschtum“. Im Kapitel „Außendeutsches Schrifttum seit 19l4“ unterscheidet er u. a. „kanadadeutsches Schrifttum“, „die Baltendeutschen“, „die Russlanddeutschen“, „Polendeutsche Volksforschung“ (er spricht nicht von Polendeutschen, sondern von „Inseldeutsche[m] Volksgruppenschrifttum in Polen“), „Donauschwaben und Ungarndeutsche“. In Bezug auf die Bukowina („Buchenlanddeutsches Schrifttum“) [...]
Modalisierung, Doppelmodalisierung, kanzleisprachlich
these compounds
Höhenrauch synonyms: Herauch (rare), Landrauch (rare), Rosserauch (very rare) (compare Sommerrauch); in Dutch: veenrook (veendamp?), heirook (zeebrand?), seerook; English: dry haze, dust haze, dry fog.
Rentenauszahlungstag (used in the SdL), Jahrhundertvertrag, Todeskandidat, Todeskandidatin; Ausnahmeerscheinung, Schlußentscheidung, Suchentscheidung, Stiftung des öffentlichen Rechts (Stiftung), Besetzungsentscheidung; Flauheit, Unverfrorenheit; Frauenangelegenheiten; Vorstandspositionen, Geschäftsleitungspositionen, Matrikulation; Speckröllchen, Oberstübchen, Tüpfelchen; Lispfund (Liespfund), Schiffpfund; Prognoseintervall, Vorhersagezeitraum (Vorhersagezeiträume)
der Spir­kel, die Krusch­ke
Gekrat (Gemeinnützige Krankentransport)
Waffel (additional meanings), Schreiberazubine (Azubine), Entblättern, Oberweite, Körperterror, Winterspeck, Verlaub (mit Verlaub?), Angebetener / Angebetene / Angebetenen, Wohlstandsbäuchlein, Garaus (as an "only in set phrase" entry if nothing else), mit Argusaugen (mit Argusaugen), Ahornblatt (Ahorn), Platanengewächse (Platane), Blattform, Zuckerahorn, Drehkreuze, Paraderolle, Quengelzone, Spießrutenlauf, Wärterin, Haftanstalt, Vaterfreuden, Gefangener/Gefangene/Gefangenen
Hüfthalterhöschen (not yet attested); Highheels, Overknees; Spitzenrand; Korselett, Schnürmieder, Bodysuit, Schnürleib, Schnürleibchen; Lieblingsarschtrittstiefel (not yet attestet); Fettnäpfchen; Pflanzenkind
Binnenmarkt; Großtransport, Dienstleistungsunternehmen, Machtstrukturen
Hintermann, Geistiger Urheber/geistiger Urheber, vom "grünen" Tisch, o. ä., Erfüllungsgehilfen, williger Helfer/willige Helfer
Muskatenblume, Kraftmehl; Ringelpiez
Frauenbüro, Gleichstellungsamt, Gleichstellungsstelle
Talkmaster, Talkmasterin; Nachwuchsjournalist, Nachwuchsjournalistin, Journalistin (Journalist)
Volontariat; Produktionsfirma; Sachverhalt, Dienststelle
{{context|childish}} Tussi-Toaster/Klappkaribik (=Solarium)
Landesgleichstellungsgesetz (LGG); Landesrecht, Auswahlverfahren, Personalakten, Beschäftigter/Beschäftigte
Bewerbungsunterlagen, Akteneinsicht, Dienststelle, Personalrat; das Erfordernis
Sprechstunden, Tätigkeitsbericht, Personalvertretungsgesetz, Verschlusssachen, Verfassungsschutzbehörde
Freundinnenkreis; Meditationsraum, Akklimatisationsdebatte; Triebhaftigkeit, Tierhaftigkeit; Frischzellenkur
die Dockingstation, Kunstfehler, Hauptspeicher, Speicherplatz, unter Verschluss, Aufpasser, Fernwartung, Innenleben, Beinchen, Flashchip, Schreibschutz, nach drei Stunden konzentrierter Bastelarbeit, Einschaltknopf, Chefarzt
hierselbst, hierüber, hierum, hierunter, hierwider
einhaufen, aufhübschen (aufgehübscht), verheddern, beatmen, kleckern statt klotzen
einkerkern; peppen (not just aufpeppen)
herabfließen, herabtropfen, herunterfallen, herunterfließen, herunterlaufen, heruntertropfen, perlen, rieseln; herabfallen, herabrieseln, herabrinnen, niederfallen; einträufeln, träufeln, sprühen; drippeln
flauen#Verb, abflauen,
gutheißen; reinstopfen, schmatzen, verdrücken, verspachteln, anbraten
ablöschen, ausquellen lassen / ausquellen, nach Bedarf
resümieren (resümiert)
auszusetzen (aussetzen), nachzuholen (nachholen), purzeln
entblöden (entblödend)
herausreißen, ausforschen
umnachten, beschnuppern
ausstanzen, stanzen
darben (darbend)
erkoren, hocherkoren; bündnisfrei, staatsorganisationsrechtlich, planmäßig
aufgehübscht (aufhübschen), rabattiert, irrig, irr, dermaßen, siegbehaftet, aufgezeichnet
halterlos, zartgliedrig, rank; balzfreudig
einzuladend, Personalfindungsverfahren, anonymisiert
frauengeschichtlich, geschlechtergeschichtlich; spaßbefreit, hobbylos
entblödend (entblöden)
härtiglich (archaic?), blickgefolgt, festgewachsen
mittelgroß, mittelschlank, mittelblond
unverfänglichst (unverfänglich)
kaputtgegangen, ferngesteuert, abbruchreif
spätfrostfrei; lehmverkrustet; klirrend
tägig, täglich / -tägig, -täglich
silikonisiert, botoxiert, maskiert, highheelisiert; blondlockig, tiefausgeschnitten, highheelig; kleberabweisend
fingerlang, handbreit, faustdick, eiskalt, feuerheiß, steinhart, stahlfest, eisenhart, wolkenhoch, meilenweit, ellenlang, klafterdick, zentnerschwer, federleicht, felsenfest, puddingweich, flammenfest, taltief
abteilungsübergreifend, artübergreifend, bereichsübergreifend, branchenübergreifend (sic); domänenübergreifend (sic); epochenübergreifend; fachübergreifend, fächerübergreifend; firmenübergreifend, fraktionsübergreifend, funktionsübergreifend, gebietsübergreifend; generationenübergreifend, generationsübergreifend
grenzübergreifend, klassenübergreifend, kontextübergreifend, kulturübergreifend, marktübergreifend, länderübergreifend, nationenübergreifend, ortsübergreifend, religionsübergreifend; ressortübergreifend, schulübergreifend, sektorübergreifend; spartenübergreifend; sprachübergreifend; staatsübergreifend, staatenübergreifend; unternehmensübergreifend; werkübergreifend, (seltener: werksübergreifend); zeitübergreifend
danubisch/Danubisch, bayerisch, bairisch, altbayerisch, altbairisch, hostienweiß, neubayerisch, neubairisch, betongrau
elektrisiten (obsolete)
jeher (seit jeher, von jeher); jedwelcher/jedwelche; erliegen, erlegen, erlag, Erlag
auf Kaution
auf ex trinken, (eine Flasche) auf ex leeren
die Gemüter erhitzen; Hopfen und Malz verlieren
begrapscht, resümiert (resümieren)
[...] „Planogramm“. Dazu ist jedes Regal in vier Zonen aufgeteilt: Ganz oben befindet sich die „Reckzone“, auf Augenhöhe die „Sichtzone“, direkt darunter die „Greifzone“ und ganz unten die „Bückzone ([4])
In der DDR wurde Persipan wegen Rohstoffknappheit durch Resipan (Maisgrieß mit Zucker und Aroma), dann auch wegen Maismangels durch Nakapan (Kartoffelgrieß mit Zucker und Aroma) ersetzt. (w:de:Persipan)
"Anhand der Daten erscheint die nach der Früh-Holozän-Feuchtphase nächstältere Pluvialzeit ..."
Tejometropole may be barely attested; Tajometropole is unattested; Manzanaresmetropole is unattested, Manzanaresstadt might be barely attested;
add: Rheinmetropole+Rheinstadt, Elbemetropole (Elbestadt?), Dneprmetropole, Uralmetropole (mountains)

Dahinter die wie bodenlose Schwärze der Nacht, aus der, lautlos und unaufhörlich, die Flockenwirbel fielen.
Appetitanregen; bei Magersüchtigen
von siebzehn bis achtzehn Jahren, mit schmachtendem Blick, aufs weiße widerstrebende Sommerbett, im frischen Morgenlichte, faselnackend vor innrer Glut von aller Decke und Hülle, bereit und kampflüstern hingelagert, Wollust zu geben

create/expand zugegen, dabeigewesen, Erziehungsproblem, Betriebsrat, reklamieren, rechtdrehend, mordsmäßig; entpubertieren; herausschauen, Inbesitzhalten, Schreibtischtäter, zunächst, Einschreibung, extrahieren, Ader
the many synonyms of Robe (including Talar)

clean up ein, einer, eine, eines, einen, einem; kein, keiner, keine, keines, keinen, keinem; jeder etc

  • 2021, Ernst Wiechert, Jahre und Zeiten - Erinnerungen, Lindhardt og Ringhof (→ISBN):
    Oder ich musste mit ihm einen „Vierling“ kaufen, ein Gewehr, das ausser dem Kugel- und den beiden Schrotläufen einen vierten kleinkalibrigen Kugellauf in der Visierschiene hatte. Ein Ungetüm von Gewehr, eine vervollkommnete Mordwaffe, ...
sozialistenrot, kommunistenrot, morgenrot, hexenrot (rare)

obsolete forms: roth, blaw, graw, schwartz
some of these are not attested, check before adding!

allrot, allrotgelb, allgelbrot, allorange, allgelb, allgrün, allblau, allviolett, allpurpurn, allrosa, allbraun, allgrau, allschwarz, allweiß,

allerrot, allerrotgelb, allergelbrot, allerorange, allergelb, allergrün, allerblau, allerviolett, allerpurpurn, allerrosa, allerbraun, allergrau, allerschwarz, allerweiß,

allzurot, allzurotgelb, allzugelbrot, allzuorange, allzugelb, allzugrün, allzublau, allzuviolett, allzupurpurn, allzurosa, allzubraun, allzugrau, allzuschwarz, allzuweiß,

altrot, altrotgelb, altgelbrot, altorange, altgelb, altgrün, altblau, altviolett, altpurpurn, altrosa, altbraun, altgrau, altschwarz, altweiß,

antikrot, antikrotgelb, antikgelbrot, antikorange, antikgelb, antikgrün, antikblau, antikviolett, antikpurpurn, antikrosa, antikbraun, antikgrau, antikschwarz, antikweiß,

blaßrot, blaßrotgelb, blaßgelbrot, blaßorange, blaßgelb, blaßgrün, blaßblau, blaßviolett, blaßpurpurn, blaßrosa, blaßbraun, blaßgrau, blaßschwarz, blaßweiß,

bleichrot, bleichrotgelb, bleichgelbrot, bleichorange, bleichgelb, bleichgrün, bleichblau, bleichviolett, bleichpurpurn, bleichrosa, bleichbraun, bleichgrau, bleichschwarz, bleichweiß,

rotbleich, rotgelbbleich, gelbrotbleich, orangebleich, gelbbleich, grünbleich, blaubleich, violettbleich, purpurnbleich, rosableich, braunbleich, graubleich, schwarzbleich, weißbleich,

rare: bösrot, bösrotgelb, bösgelbrot, bösorange, bösgelb, bösgrün, bösblau, bösviolett, böspurpurn, bösrosa, bösbraun, bösgrau, bösschwarz, bösweiß,

brennendrot, brennendrotgelb, brennendgelbrot, brennendorange, brennendgelb, brennendgrün, brennendblau, brennendviolett, brennendpurpurn, brennendrosa, brennendbraun, brennendgrau, brennendschwarz, brennendweiß,

buntrot, buntrotgelb, buntgelbrot, buntorange, buntgelb, buntgrün, buntblau, buntviolett, buntpurpurn, buntrosa, buntbraun, buntgrau, buntschwarz, buntweiß,

rotbunt, rotgelbbunt, gelbrotbunt, orangebunt, gelbbunt, grünbunt, blaubunt, violettbunt, purpurnbunt, rosabunt, braunbunt, graubunt, schwarzbunt, weißbunt,

dickrot, dickrotgelb, dickgelbrot, dickorange, dickgelb, dickgrün, dickblau, dickviolett, dickpurpurn, dickrosa, dickbraun, dickgrau, dickschwarz, dickweiß,

dunkelrot, dunkelrotgelb, dunkelgelbrot, dunkelorange, dunkelgelb, dunkelgrün, dunkelblau, dunkelviolett, dunkelpurpurn, dunkelrosa, dunkelbraun, dunkelgrau, dunkelschwarz, dunkelweiß,

rotdunkel, rotgelbdunkel, gelbrotdunkel, orangedunkel, gelbdunkel, gründunkel, blaudunkel, violettdunkel, purpurndunkel, rosadunkel, braundunkel, graudunkel, schwarzdunkel, weißdunkel,

obsolete: dunckelrot, dunckelrotgelb, dunckelgelbrot, dunckelorange, dunckelgelb, dunckelgrün, dunckelblau, dunckelviolett, dunckelpurpurn, dunckelrosa, dunckelbraun, dunckelgrau, dunckelschwarz, dunckelweiß,

obsolete: rotdunckel, rotgelbdunckel, gelbrotdunckel, orangedunckel, gelbdunckel, gründunckel, blaudunckel, violettdunckel, purpurndunckel, rosadunckel, braundunckel, graudunckel, schwarzdunckel, weißdunckel,

dünnrot, dünnrotgelb, dünngelbrot, dünnorange, dünngelb, dünngrün, dünnblau, dünnviolett, dünnpurpurn, dünnrosa, dünnbraun, dünngrau, dünnschwarz, dünnweiß,

durchrot, durchrotgelb, durchgelbrot, durchorange, durchgelb, durchgrün, durchblau, durchviolett, durchpurpurn, durchrosa, durchbraun, durchgrau, durchschwarz, durchweiß,

düsterrot, düsterrotgelb, düstergelbrot, düsterorange, düstergelb, düstergrün, düsterblau, düsterviolett, düsterpurpurn, düsterrosa, düsterbraun, düstergrau, düsterschwarz, düsterweiß,

inrot, inrotgelb, ingelbrot, inorange, ingelb, ingrün, inblau, inviolett, inpurpurn, inrosa, inbraun, ingrau, inschwarz, inweiß,

hypercorrect: einrot, einrotgelb, eingelbrot, einorange, eingelb, eingrün, einblau, einviolett, einpurpurn, einrosa, einbraun, eingrau, einschwarz, einweiß,

eitelrot, eitelrotgelb, eitelgelbrot, eitelorange, eitelgelb, eitelgrün, eitelblau, eitelviolett, eitelpurpurn, eitelrosa, eitelbraun, eitelgrau, eitelschwarz, eitelweiß,

eiterrot, eiterrotgelb, eitergelbrot, eiterorange, eitergelb, eitergrün, eiterblau, eiterviolett, eiterpurpurn, eiterrosa, eiterbraun, eitergrau, eiterschwarz, eiterweiß,

falschrot, falschrotgelb, falschgelbrot, falschorange, falschgelb, falschgrün, falschblau, falschviolett, falschpurpurn, falschrosa, falschbraun, falschgrau, falschschwarz, falschweiß,

fastrot, fastrotgelb, fastgelbrot, fastorange, fastgelb, fastgrün, fastblau, fastviolett, fastpurpurn, fastrosa, fastbraun, fastgrau, fastschwarz, fastweiß,

feinrot, feinrotgelb, feingelbrot, feinorange, feingelb, feingrün, feinblau, feinviolett, feinpurpurn, feinrosa, feinbraun, feingrau, feinschwarz, feinweiß,

festrot, festrotgelb, festgelbrot, festorange, festgelb, festgrün, festblau, festviolett, festpurpurn, festrosa, festbraun, festgrau, festschwarz, festweiß,

fettrot, fettrotgelb, fettgelbrot, fettorange, fettgelb, fettgrün, fettblau, fettviolett, fettpurpurn, fettrosa, fettbraun, fettgrau, fettschwarz, fettweiß,

finsterrot, finsterrotgelb, finstergelbrot, finsterorange, finstergelb, finstergrün, finsterblau, finsterviolett, finsterpurpurn, finsterrosa, finsterbraun, finstergrau, finsterschwarz, finsterweiß,

rotfinster, rotgelbfinster, gelbrotfinster, orangefinster, gelbfinster, grünfinster, blaufinster, violettfinster, purpurnfinster, rosafinster, braunfinster, graufinster, schwarzfinster, weißfinster,

frechrot, frechrotgelb, frechgelbrot, frechorange, frechgelb, frechgrün, frechblau, frechviolett, frechpurpurn, frechrosa, frechbraun, frechgrau, frechschwarz, frechweiß,

fremdrot, fremdrotgelb, fremdgelbrot, fremdorange, fremdgelb, fremdgrün, fremdblau, fremdviolett, fremdpurpurn, fremdrosa, fremdbraun, fremdgrau, fremdschwarz, fremdweiß,

frischrot, frischrotgelb, frischgelbrot, frischorange, frischgelb, frischgrün, frischblau, frischviolett, frischpurpurn, frischrosa, frischbraun, frischgrau, frischschwarz, frischweiß,

ganzrot, ganzrotgelb, ganzgelbrot, ganzorange, ganzgelb, ganzgrün, ganzblau, ganzviolett, ganzpurpurn, ganzrosa, ganzbraun, ganzgrau, ganzschwarz, ganzweiß,

gemeinrot, gemeinrotgelb, gemeingelbrot, gemeinorange, gemeingelb, gemeingrün, gemeinblau, gemeinviolett, gemeinpurpurn, gemeinrosa, gemeinbraun, gemeingrau, gemeinschwarz, gemeinweiß,

giftrot, giftrotgelb, giftgelbrot, giftorange, giftgelb, giftgrün, giftblau, giftviolett, giftpurpurn, giftrosa, giftbraun, giftgrau, giftschwarz, giftweiß,

glanzrot, glanzrotgelb, glanzgelbrot, glanzorange, glanzgelb, glanzgrün, glanzblau, glanzviolett, glanzpurpurn, glanzrosa, glanzbraun, glanzgrau, glanzschwarz, glanzweiß,

grellrot, grellrotgelb, grellgelbrot, grellorange, grellgelb, grellgrün, grellblau, grellviolett, grellpurpurn, grellrosa, grellbraun, grellgrau, grellschwarz, grellweiß,

großrot, großrotgelb, großgelbrot, großorange, großgelb, großgrün, großblau, großviolett, großpurpurn, großrosa, großbraun, großgrau, großschwarz, großweiß,

halbrot, halbrotgelb, halbgelbrot, halborange, halbgelb, halbgrün, halbblau, halbviolett, halbpurpurn, halbrosa, halbbraun, halbgrau, halbschwarz, halbweiß,

heißrot, heißrotgelb, heißgelbrot, heißorange, heißgelb, heißgrün, heißblau, heißviolett, heißpurpurn, heißrosa, heißbraun, heißgrau, heißschwarz, heißweiß,

heiterrot, heiterrotgelb, heitergelbrot, heiterorange, heitergelb, heitergrün, heiterblau, heiterviolett, heiterpurpurn, heiterrosa, heiterbraun, heitergrau, heiterschwarz, heiterweiß,

hellrot, hellrotgelb, hellgelbrot, hellorange, hellgelb, hellgrün, hellblau, hellviolett, hellpurpurn, hellrosa, hellbraun, hellgrau, hellschwarz, hellweiß,

hochrot, hochrotgelb, hochgelbrot, hochorange, hochgelb, hochgrün, hochblau, hochviolett, hochpurpurn, hochrosa, hochbraun, hochgrau, hochschwarz, hochweiß,

holzrot, holzrotgelb, holzgelbrot, holzorange, holzgelb, holzgrün, holzblau, holzviolett, holzpurpurn, holzrosa, holzbraun, holzgrau, holzschwarz, holzweiß,

intensivrot, intensivrotgelb, intensivgelbrot, intensivorange, intensivgelb, intensivgrün, intensivblau, intensivviolett, intensivpurpurn, intensivrosa, intensivbraun, intensivgrau, intensivschwarz, intensivweiß,

jungrot, jungrotgelb, junggelbrot, jungorange, junggelb, junggrün, jungblau, jungviolett, jungpurpurn, jungrosa, jungbraun, junggrau, jungschwarz, jungweiß,

kackrot, kackrotgelb, kackgelbrot, kackorange, kackgelb, kackgrün, kackblau, kackviolett, kackpurpurn, kackrosa, kackbraun, kackgrau, kackschwarz, kackweiß,

kaltrot, kaltrotgelb, kaltgelbrot, kaltorange, kaltgelb, kaltgrün, kaltblau, kaltviolett, kaltpurpurn, kaltrosa, kaltbraun, kaltgrau, kaltschwarz, kaltweiß,

klarrot, klarrotgelb, klargelbrot, klarorange, klargelb, klargrün, klarblau, klarviolett, klarpurpurn, klarrosa, klarbraun, klargrau, klarschwarz, klarweiß,

rotklar, rotgelbklar, gelbrotklar, orangeklar, gelbklar, grünklar, blauklar, violettklar, purpurnklar, rosaklar, braunklar, grauklar, schwarzklar, weißklar,

kleinrot, kleinrotgelb, kleingelbrot, kleinorange, kleingelb, kleingrün, kleinblau, kleinviolett, kleinpurpurn, kleinrosa, kleinbraun, kleingrau, kleinschwarz, kleinweiß,

knallrot, knallrotgelb, knallgelbrot, knallorange, knallgelb, knallgrün, knallblau, knallviolett, knallpurpurn, knallrosa, knallbraun, knallgrau, knallschwarz, knallweiß,

kühlrot, kühlrotgelb, kühlgelbrot, kühlorange, kühlgelb, kühlgrün, kühlblau, kühlviolett, kühlpurpurn, kühlrosa, kühlbraun, kühlgrau, kühlschwarz, kühlweiß,

lautrot, lautrotgelb, lautgelbrot, lautorange, lautgelb, lautgrün, lautblau, lautviolett, lautpurpurn, lautrosa, lautbraun, lautgrau, lautschwarz, lautweiß,

lauterrot, lauterrotgelb, lautergelbrot, lauterorange, lautergelb, lautergrün, lauterblau, lauterviolett, lauterpurpurn, lauterrosa, lauterbraun, lautergrau, lauterschwarz, lauterweiß,

lichtrot, lichtrotgelb, lichtgelbrot, lichtorange, lichtgelb, lichtgrün, lichtblau, lichtviolett, lichtpurpurn, lichtrosa, lichtbraun, lichtgrau, lichtschwarz, lichtweiß,

obsolete: liechtrot, liechtrotgelb, liechtgelbrot, liechtorange, liechtgelb, liechtgrün, liechtblau, liechtviolett, liechtpurpurn, liechtrosa, liechtbraun, liechtgrau, liechtschwarz, liechtweiß,

magerrot, magerrotgelb, magergelbrot, magerorange, magergelb, magergrün, magerblau, magerviolett, magerpurpurn, magerrosa, magerbraun, magergrau, magerschwarz, magerweiß,

mattrot, mattrotgelb, mattgelbrot, mattorange, mattgelb, mattgrün, mattblau, mattviolett, mattpurpurn, mattrosa, mattbraun, mattgrau, mattschwarz, mattweiß,

mittelrot, mittelrotgelb, mittelgelbrot, mittelorange, mittelgelb, mittelgrün, mittelblau, mittelviolett, mittelpurpurn, mittelrosa, mittelbraun, mittelgrau, mittelschwarz, mittelweiß,

neurot, neurotgelb, neugelbrot, neuorange, neugelb, neugrün, neublau, neuviolett, neupurpurn, neurosa, neubraun, neugrau, neuschwarz, neuweiß,

rare: purrot, purrotgelb, purgelbrot, purorange, purgelb, purgrün, purblau, purviolett, purpurnpur, purrosa, purbraun, purgrau, purschwarz, purweiß,

reinrot, reinrotgelb, reingelbrot, reinorange, reingelb, reingrün, reinblau, reinviolett, reinpurpurn, reinrosa, reinbraun, reingrau, reinschwarz, reinweiß,

rare: saftrot, saftrotgelb, saftgelbrot, saftorange, saftgelb, saftgrün, saftblau, saftviolett, saftpurpurn, saftrosa, saftbraun, saftgrau, saftschwarz, saftweiß,

samtrot, samtrotgelb, samtgelbrot, samtorange, samtgelb, samtgrün, samtblau, samtviolett, samtpurpurn, samtrosa, samtbraun, samtgrau, samtschwarz, samtweiß,

sanftrot, sanftrotgelb, sanftgelbrot, sanftorange, sanftgelb, sanftgrün, sanftblau, sanftviolett, sanftpurpurn, sanftrosa, sanftbraun, sanftgrau, sanftschwarz, sanftweiß,

sattrot, sattrotgelb, sattgelbrot, sattorange, sattgelb, sattgrün, sattblau, sattviolett, sattpurpurn, sattrosa, sattbraun, sattgrau, sattschwarz, sattweiß,

schmutzigrot, schmutzigrotgelb, schmutziggelbrot, schmutzigorange, schmutziggelb, schmutziggrün, schmutzigblau, schmutzigviolett, schmutzigpurpurn, schmutzigrosa, schmutzigbraun, schmutziggrau, schmutzigschwarz, schmutzigweiß,

schönrot, schönrotgelb, schöngelbrot, schönorange, schöngelb, schöngrün, schönblau, schönviolett, schönpurpurn, schönrosa, schönbraun, schöngrau, schönschwarz, schönweiß,

schwachrot, schwachrotgelb, schwachgelbrot, schwachorange, schwachgelb, schwachgrün, schwachblau, schwachviolett, schwachpurpurn, schwachrosa, schwachbraun, schwachgrau, schwachschwarz, schwachweiß,

solidrot, solidrotgelb, solidgelbrot, solidorange, solidgelb, solidgrün, solidblau, solidviolett, solidpurpurn, solidrosa, solidbraun, solidgrau, solidschwarz, solidweiß,

starkrot, starkrotgelb, starkgelbrot, starkorange, starkgelb, starkgrün, starkblau, starkviolett, starkpurpurn, starkrosa, starkbraun, starkgrau, starkschwarz, starkweiß,

süßrot, süßrotgelb, süßgelbrot, süßorange, süßgelb, süßgrün, süßblau, süßviolett, süßpurpurn, süßrosa, süßbraun, süßgrau, süßschwarz, süßweiß,

tiefrot, tiefrotgelb, tiefgelbrot, tieforange, tiefgelb, tiefgrün, tiefblau, tiefviolett, tiefpurpurn, tiefrosa, tiefbraun, tiefgrau, tiefschwarz, tiefweiß,

totrot, totrotgelb, totgelbrot, totorange, totgelb, totgrün, totblau, totviolett, totpurpurn, totrosa, totbraun, totgrau, totschwarz, totweiß,

traurigrot, traurigrotgelb, trauriggelbrot, traurigorange, trauriggelb, trauriggrün, traurigblau, traurigviolett, traurigpurpurn, traurigrosa, traurigbraun, trauriggrau, traurigschwarz, traurigweiß,

unterrot, unterrotgelb, untergelbrot, unterorange, untergelb, untergrün, unterblau, unterviolett, unterpurpurn, unterrosa, unterbraun, untergrau, unterschwarz, unterweiß,

obsolete: underrot, underrotgelb, undergelbrot, underorange, undergelb, undergrün, underblau, underviolett, underpurpurn, underrosa, underbraun, undergrau, underschwarz, underweiß,

vollrot, vollrotgelb, vollgelbrot, vollorange, vollgelb, vollgrün, vollblau, vollviolett, vollpurpurn, vollrosa, vollbraun, vollgrau, vollschwarz, vollweiß,

warmrot, warmrotgelb, warmgelbrot, warmorange, warmgelb, warmgrün, warmblau, warmviolett, warmpurpurn, warmrosa, warmbraun, warmgrau, warmschwarz, warmweiß,

zartrot, zartrotgelb, zartgelbrot, zartorange, zartgelb, zartgrün, zartblau, zartviolett, zartpurpurn, zartrosa, zartbraun, zartgrau, zartschwarz, zartweiß.

Aufnahmeleitung, Spezialmaske, Standfoto/Standfotos + Standfotografie, Koproduktion, Postproduktion, Filmstiftung, Bildgestaltung, Editor, Szenenbild, Kostümbild, Sound Design, Casting, Produktionsleitung, Herstellungsleitung, Regieassistenz, Kamerassistenz, Materialassistenz, Oberbeleuchter, Oberbeleuchterin, Beleuchter, Beleuchterin, Lichthilfe, Tonassistenz, Tonpraktikant + Videopraktikant, Tonpraktikantin + Videopraktikantin, Art Director, Außenrequisite, Innenrequisite, Näher + Näherin, Requisitenfahrer, Requisitenfahrerin, Baubühne, Kostümassistenz, Nachdreh, Zusatzmaske, Produktionskoordination, Produktionsassistenz, Produktionspraktikant, Produktionspraktikantin, Produktionsfahrer, Produktionsfahrerin, Requisiteur, Requisiteurin, Requisit, Requisitenkammer/Requisitenlager/Requisitenfundus, Bühnenbildner, Szenenbildner, das Regieteam, Außenrequisite, Innenrequisite, Zusatzfahrer + Zusatzfahrerin, Redaktionsassistent + Redaktionsassistentin, Filmgeschäftsführung, Steuerberater + Steuerberaterin, Kopierwerk, Finanzierungspartner + Finanzierungspartnerin, Kameraequipment, Lichtequipment, Tonequipment, Maskenmobil, Setequipment, Schnittassistenz, Schnittplatz, Tonstudio, Sounddesign, Dialogbearbeitung, Geräuschemacher + Geräuschemacherin, Geräuschaufnahmen, ADR Sprachaufnahme, ADR Aufnahmeleitung, ADR Synchroncutter/Synchroncutterin, Lichtbestimmer + Lichtbestimmerin, Taken, Filmton, Filmvorführer + Filmvorführer, Tonassistent, Tonassistentin, Synchrontonmeister + Synchrontonmeisterin, Sounddesigner, Soundeditor
Juristendeutsch (etc.)[edit]
eine Minderjährige, aktenkundig, hierorts, Inmarschsetzung, seitens ihrer Mutter, X der Waldwege auf Kreisebene, Tötungsabsicht, eilends, Ernährungssektor, Augenleiden, krankgeschrieben, die diesfällige Täuschungsabsicht, Verschlingung der Bettlägerigen, Zweitverschlingung, Tötungsvorsatz, Dienstgang, Schnarchgeräusche, bei seiner vorgesetzten Behörde, Tötungsgesuch, zuschlägig beschieden, Empfangnahme, die Beinhaltung des Getöteten, Schussgeber, Zuhilfenahme, Einsichtnahme
Luppe, attested since the 18th century, from French loupe, from Latin lupus, because they resembled the open mouths of wolves; Wolfsofen = Luppenfeuer

German adjectives which de.Wikt has, which we don't.

  1. Bad Krozinger
  2. Bad Königshofener
  3. Bad Köstritzer
  4. Bad Laaspher
  5. Bad Lauchstädter
  6. Bad Lauterberger
  7. Bad Liebenwerdaer
  8. Bad Lippspringer
  9. Bad Mergentheimer
  10. Bad Münstereifeler
  11. Bad Nenndorfer
  12. Bad Oeynhausener
  13. Bad Orber
  14. Bad Rappenauer
  15. Bad Rodacher
  16. Bad Salzdetfurther
  17. Bad Saulgauer
  18. Bad Schandauer
  19. Bad Schussenrieder
  20. Bergamasker
  21. champagner
  22. Ehrenbreitsteiner
  23. Eichsfelder
  24. futschikato
  25. Genueser
  26. gestreng
  27. Gießener
  28. gingival
  29. Glatzer
  30. gluteal
  31. Gothaer
  32. gotzig
  33. granular
  34. gravid
  35. groggy
  36. groovy
  37. gut besucht
  38. gut erhalten
  39. gut gelaunt
  40. gymnasial
  41. Göttinger
  1. Habelschwerdter
  2. habil
  3. halal
  4. halb fertig
  5. halophil
  6. halsstarrig
  7. Hammer
  8. Hannoveraner
  9. hapaxanth
  10. haploid
  11. Harzer
  12. hefig
  13. Heidelberger
  14. heiß geliebt
  15. Helgoländer
  16. Heppenheimer
  17. hetero
  18. heteronom
  19. high
  20. hinkend
  21. hinter
  22. hip
  23. HIV-infiziert
  24. HIV-negativ
  25. HIV-positiv
  26. hoch dosiert
  27. hoch kompliziert
  28. hochwohlgeboren
  29. homoiotherm
  30. Hongkonger
  31. humanoid
  32. humeral
  33. humid
  34. humide
  35. humil
  36. hundert Pro
  37. hundertste
  38. Hunsrücker
  39. hybrid
  40. hydrogen
  41. ident
  42. illiquid
  43. immediat
  44. Immendorfer
  45. imperativ
  46. importun
  47. impotent
  48. indefinit
  49. indifferent
  50. indigen
  51. indolent
  52. infantil
  53. infaust
  54. infinitesimal
  55. Ingolstädter
  56. inguinal
  57. injektiv
  58. inkontinent
  59. inkorrekt
  60. Innerrhoder
  61. Innerschweizer
  62. insistent
  63. insolent
  64. instant
  65. institutionell
  66. integral
  67. intensional
  68. intentional
  69. interdenominational
  70. interdependent
  71. interkulturell
  72. interlinear
  73. interlingual
  74. intermenstrual
  75. internal
  76. interorbital
  77. interpersonal
  78. interpoliert
  79. interstadial
  80. interterritorial
  81. interurban
  82. intervertebral
  83. intraabdominal
  84. intramural
  85. intransigent
  86. intravasal
  87. intrikat
  88. invariant
  89. ipsilateral
  90. irr
  91. irreal
  92. islamitisch
  93. isochor
  94. isochron
  95. jubelnd
  96. judenspanisch
  97. Julianisch
  98. junior
  99. juridisch
  100. juvenil
  101. k. o.
  102. Kairener
  103. Kairoer
  104. kaki
  105. kapital
  106. kardinal
  107. Karlsruher
  108. karolinisch
  109. kastriert
  110. Kattowitzer
  111. Kemptener
  112. klastisch
  113. klein kariert
  114. knorrig
  115. Koblenzer
  116. kommun
  117. kommutativ
  118. komparativ
  119. konfus
  120. konsonant
  121. konstitutionell
  122. kontextuell
  123. kontinent
  124. kontraintuitiv
  125. konvergent
  126. Kopenhagener
  127. korpulent
  128. kosmopolitisch
  129. Kosten deckend
  130. Krebs erregend
  131. kränkelnd
  132. kubistisch
  133. kultiviert
  134. kupiert
  135. kurvig
  136. Kärntner
  137. labiodental
  138. lala
  139. laminar
  140. laryngeal
  141. lass
  142. Lausitzer
  143. lawratutti
  144. leer stehend
  145. Lehrter
  146. Leipziger
  147. letzte
  148. letztere
  149. Liechtensteiner
  150. limitiert
  151. linden
  152. linear
  153. links stehend
  154. liquid
  155. liquide
  156. live
  157. Liverpooler
  158. livid
  159. livide
  160. lizenziert
  161. loden
  162. Londoner
  163. longitudinal
  164. Lyoner
  165. lyrisch
  166. Löhner
  167. magnetisiert
  168. Mailänder
  169. maligne
  170. mandibular
  171. manipuliert
  172. Mannheimer
  173. mantisch
  174. maskiert
  175. mau
  176. Maurer
  177. mechulle
  178. median
  179. mediat
  180. medium
  181. mehrst
  182. meist
  183. melk
  184. mesial
  185. metallic
  186. milde
  187. mini
  188. ministerial
  189. mint
  190. mongoloid
  191. monohybrid
  192. monokausal
  193. monolingual
  194. monovalent
  195. morbide
  196. moros
  197. morphematisch
  198. morphologisch determiniert
  199. Moskauer
  200. motivational
  201. motiviert
  202. muff
  203. multilateral
  204. multilingual
  205. multinational
  206. multipel
  207. mutual
  208. myeloid
  209. myomorph
  210. Münchner
  211. narrativ
  212. nationalistisch
  213. Neapolitaner
  214. nebulos
  215. net
  216. Neu-Ulmer
  217. neunte
  218. neunzehnte
  219. neunzigste
  220. neural
  221. Niederberger
  222. niedergeschlagen
  223. nominell
  224. nonverbal
  225. Norweger
  226. not
  227. nuptial
  228. nächst
  229. nämlich
  230. Nürnberger
  231. oben erwähnt
  232. oben genannt
  233. oben stehend
  234. ober-
  235. oblong
  236. obstinat
  237. odios
  238. offline
  239. offshore
  240. ohnegleichen
  241. oktroyiert
  242. omnivor
  243. online
  244. opalen
  245. operational
  246. opportun
  247. opulent
  248. orangen
  249. ordnungsgemäß
  250. ordnungsmäßig
  251. ordoliberal
  252. oreal
  253. organisational
  254. organisiert
  255. Osloer
  256. Ostberliner
  257. Ostschweizer
  258. oszillierend
  259. ouvert
  260. overdressed
  261. packend
  262. Paderborner
  263. pagan
  264. palmar
  265. papabile
  266. paradoxal
  267. parasternal
  268. paraverbal
  269. paraxial
  270. parietal
  271. Pariser
  272. parochial
  273. partial
  274. passager
  275. patentiert
  276. pathogen
  277. patt
  278. paurisch
  279. pauschal
  280. pejorativ
  281. pendent
  282. perennis
  283. perfid
  284. performant
  285. Pergamener
  286. perlen
  287. persistent
  288. phonetisch determiniert
  289. photogen
  290. piccolo
  291. plantar
  292. plausibel
  293. plietsch
  294. pluripotent
  295. poikilotherm
  296. polyglott
  297. polyvalent
  298. pongid
  299. porno
  300. postalveolar
  301. postmodern
  302. postprandial
  303. potenziell
  304. Potsdamer
  305. Prager
  306. premium
  307. prim
  308. prinzipiell
  309. professoral
  310. prognostiziert
  311. progredient
  312. prompt
  313. proximal
  314. pseudonym
  315. publiziert
  316. puerperal
  317. pulmonal
  318. purulent
  319. pyknisch
  320. quälend
  321. rapid
  322. rapide
  323. rational
  324. rationell
  325. rauch
  326. rechts stehend
  327. regelrecht
  328. Regensburger
  329. regulativ
  330. reserviert
  331. resilient
  332. resonant
  333. respektabel
  334. respektiert
  335. rigid
  336. rigoros
  337. rott
  338. Rottweiler
  339. Roubaiser
  340. royal
  341. rösch
  342. rüd
  343. Rügener
  344. rührend
  345. Saarlouiser
  346. Saarländer
  347. Salzburger
  348. Salzwedeler
  349. Sankt Gallener
  350. Sankt Galler
  351. Sankt-Gallener
  352. Sankt-Galler
  353. schau
  354. scheinselbständig
  355. scheiße
  356. schiefern
  357. schillernd
  358. schleppend
  359. schlussendlich
  360. schmähend
  361. schrittweise
  362. schuld
  363. Schwarzwälder
  364. Schweizer
  365. sechste
  366. sechzehnte
  367. sechzigste
  368. sedativ
  369. sediert
  370. sekret
  371. senior
  372. sensitiv
  373. servil
  374. sexagesimal
  375. sexual
  376. sichergestellt
  377. siebente
  378. siebzehnte
  379. siebzigste
  380. sinister
  381. sinistral
  382. skrupulös
  383. small
  384. smart
  385. so genannt
  386. somnambul
  387. somnolent
  388. sonor
  389. spezialisiert
  390. spielend
  391. spirituell
  392. spongiform
  393. sprechend
  394. Spreewälder
  395. später
  396. stad
  397. stereotyp
  398. stier
  399. Stockholmer
  400. stomachal
  401. stop-and-go
  402. Straubinger
  403. streitsüchtig
  404. streng genommen
  405. stringent
  406. stupend
  407. stupid
  408. stupide
  409. stylish
  410. subaltern
  411. subdural
  412. subfossil
  413. subgingival
  414. sublingual
  415. submiss
  416. subnival
  417. subpolar
  418. subsidiär
  419. subungual
  420. superior
  421. superlativ
  422. supragingival
  423. supranational
  424. surjektiv
  425. suspekt
  426. symptomatisch
  427. systemrelevant
  428. tak
  429. taktil
  430. Tarentiner
  431. taupe
  432. tausendste
  433. teilhaftig
  434. temperat
  435. teratogen
  436. textil
  437. theatral
  438. theologisch
  439. Thüringer
  440. tief stehend
  441. timid
  442. timide
  443. Tiroler
  444. toff
  445. Tokioter
  446. Toledaner
  447. Tongaer
  448. topografisch
  449. totalitär
  450. totipotent
  451. transalpin
  452. transgenerational
  453. transient
  454. transregional
  455. traut
  456. treif
  457. treife
  458. trendy
  459. tribal
  460. Trierer
  461. trübe
  462. Turiner
  463. Turing-mächtig
  464. u-förmig
  465. Ulmer
  466. ultramodern
  467. umami
  468. umbenannt
  469. unbar
  470. unberufen
  471. uncool
  472. undercover
  473. underdressed
  474. uni
  475. uniform
  476. unilateral
  477. unmodern
  478. unsentimental
  479. unten erwähnt
  480. unten genannt
  481. unten stehend
  482. unter-
  483. untersucht
  484. unverzüglich
  485. up to date
  486. uvular
  487. vacat
  488. vag
  489. vakat
  490. valide
  491. vanille
  492. velar
  493. verabscheut
  494. verachtet
  495. veraltend
  496. verdeckt
  497. verderbt
  498. verfahren
  499. verfemt
  500. verifiziert
  501. verkracht
  502. vernetzt
  503. Veroneser
  504. verreist
  505. versatil
  506. verschleiert
  507. verschlissen
  508. verschwiegen
  509. versehentlich
  510. versklavt
  511. versteinert
  512. verstopft
  513. verständig
  514. verurteilt
  515. verwundet
  516. verzögert
  517. vibrierend
  518. viel genannt
  519. vierte
  520. viertel
  521. vierzehnte
  522. vierzigste
  523. vif
  524. vigesimal
  525. vigil
  526. viril
  527. virulent
  528. visuell
  529. volar
  530. volitional
  531. Vorarlberger
  532. voraussehend
  533. vorgerückt
  534. vorletzte
  535. vorschriftsmäßig
  536. Waadtländer
  537. Wachauer
  538. Wache stehend
  539. wahrlich
  540. Waliser
  541. Weimarer
  542. weinig
  543. weiter
  544. weitere
  545. weitestgehend
  546. Welschschweizer
  547. Westberliner
  548. Westerwälder
  549. Westschweizer
  550. Wiener
  551. Wittenberger
  552. Wolfsburger
  553. Wormser
  554. wrack
  555. Wuppertaler
  556. wurst
  557. X-beinig
  558. X-förmig
  559. Xantener
  560. xanthoderm
  561. xenomorph
  562. zach
  563. zahlbar
  564. zahlenmäßig
  565. zahlentheoretisch
  566. zahlungsfähig
  567. zahlungskräftig
  568. zahlungsunfähig
  569. zahlungsunwillig
  570. zahlungswillig
  571. zahlungswirksam
  572. zahnarztmäßig
  573. zahnig
  574. zahnlückig
  575. zanksüchtig
  576. zapfenartig
  577. zapfenförmig
  578. zapfentragend
  579. zapplig
  580. zart besaitet
  581. zartbesaitet
  582. zartbitter
  583. zartfühlend
  584. zartgrün
  585. zaudernd
  586. zedern
  587. zehneckig
  588. zehnstellig
  589. zehntausendste
  590. zehnte
  591. zehnteilig
  592. zehntel
  593. zehntpflichtig
  594. zehnwöchig
  595. zeitgeistlich
  596. zeitgemäß
  597. zeitgleich
  598. zeitinvariant
  599. zeitlos
  600. zeitnahe
  601. zeitraubend
  602. zeitsouverän
  603. zementen
  604. zentimeterdick
  605. zentralistisch
  606. Zentralschweizer
  607. zentrifugal
  608. zentripetal
  609. zerknirscht
  610. zerlumpt
  611. zermürbt
  612. zernarbt
  613. zerrüttet
  614. zerscherbt
  615. zerstreut
  616. zerstört
  617. zertalt
  618. zervikal
  619. zervikogen
  620. zerzaust
  621. zielbewusst
  622. zielführend
  623. zielgerichtet
  624. zielgruppengerecht
  625. ziemlich
  626. zig
  627. zinnern
  628. zinnoberrot
  629. zirkadian
  630. zirkulär
  631. zirkummediterran
  632. zirkumpolar
  633. zisalpin
  634. zitierbar
  635. zivilisiert
  636. zivilrechtlich
  637. zollrechtlich
  638. zombig
  639. zonal
  640. zoogeografisch
  641. zoogeographisch
  642. zornentbrannt
  643. zotig
  644. zu
  645. zuckerfrei
  646. zuckerkrank
  647. zugelassen
  648. zugetan
  649. zukunftsfeindlich
  650. zukunftsweisend
  651. zukunftweisend
  652. zungenbrecherisch
  653. zungenfertig
  654. zurechnungsfähig
  655. zurückhaltend
  656. zusammengefasst
  657. zusammengehörig
  658. zusammengenommen
  659. zusammengepfercht
  660. zusammengeritten
  661. zuschlagfrei
  662. zuschlagsfrei
  663. zustimmungsfähig
  664. zutraulich
  665. zuträglich
  666. zuvorkommend
  667. zuzahlungsfrei
  668. zuzahlungspflichtig
  669. zwanglos
  670. zwanzigste
  671. zweckdienlich
  672. zweckfrei
  673. zweckhaft
  674. zweckvoll
  675. zweiarmig
  676. zweibasig
  677. zweibasisch
  678. zweiblättrig
  679. zweieiig
  680. zweifelsfrei
  681. zweihebig
  682. zweihundertste
  683. zweiköpfig
  684. zweimotorig
  685. zweireihig
  686. zweirädrig
  687. zweispurig
  688. zweistellig
  689. zweistrahlig
  690. zweistufig
  691. zweistöckig
  692. zweitbeste
  693. zweite
  694. zweiteilig
  695. zweitgrößte
  696. zweitkleinste
  697. zweitlängste
  698. zweitmeist
  699. zweitürig
  700. zweiundzwanzigste
  701. zwiefach
  702. zwiegespalten
  703. zwilchen
  704. zwischenmenschlich
  705. zwote
  706. zwäg
  707. zwölfeckig
  708. zwölfköpfig
  709. zwölfminütig
  710. zwölfstellig
  711. zwölfte
  712. zyanotisch
  713. zygomatisch
  714. zykloid
  715. zyklopisch
  716. zylinderförmig
  717. zypressen
  718. zystisch
  719. zytogen
  720. zytologisch
  721. zytotoxisch
  722. zytotrop
  723. zähmbar
  724. zänkisch
  725. zögernd
  726. zölibatär
  727. züchtig
  728. Zürcher
  729. Züricher
  730. à point
  731. äbblich
  732. äber
  733. äbsch
  734. öffentlichkeitswirksam
  735. ökonometrisch
  736. ölhaltig
  737. önologisch
  738. ösophagisch
  739. österlich
  740. überlaufen
  741. überlebensgroß
  742. übermannshoch
  743. übermütig
  744. überproportional
  745. überqualifiziert
  746. überragend
  747. überregional
  748. überreichlich
  749. überreizt
  750. überschlagen
  751. überschlägig
  752. überschläglich
  753. überschuldet
  754. überschäumend
  755. überseeisch
  756. übersetzt
  757. übersättigt
  758. review übertrieben
  759. überwechtet
copied from de.Wikt

Substantivierungssuffixe: -chen (wie in Stückchen) | -e (wie in Liebe) | -ei (wie in Bäckerei) | -el (wie in Ärmel) | -en (wie in Polen) | -er (wie in Berliner) | -heit (wie in Kindheit) | -ien (wie in Jordanien) | -iker (wie in Dramatiker) | -in (wie in Professorin) | -keit (wie in Sauberkeit) | -lein (wie in Männlein) | -ler (wie in Künstler) | -ling (wie in Frühling) | -nis (wie in Geheimnis) | -rich (wie in Fähnrich) | -sal (wie in Rinnsal) | -schaft (wie in Leidenschaft) | -sel (wie in Mitbringsel) | -tum (wie in Bürgertum) | -ung (wie in Erhebung)

Adjektivierungssuffixe: -bar (wie in fahrbar) | -en (wie in golden) | -erig (wie in pfefferig) | -ern (wie in steinern) | -fach (wie in einfach) | -frei (wie in bleifrei) | -haft (wie in scherzhaft) | -ig (wie in geschäftig) | -isch (wie in schwäbisch) | -lich (wie in häuslich) | -los (wie in freudlos) | -mäßig (wie in berufsmäßig) | -sam (wie in bedeutsam) | -sch (wie in pommersch)

Suffixe der Verbableitung: -el (wie in blödeln) | -er (wie in löchern) | -ig (wie in reinigen)

Andere Suffixe der deutschen Sprache: -ab | -end | -ens | -lei | -mal

Ortsnamen-Suffixe: -a; -ach; -atsch; -atz; -atzsch; -au; -aue; -bach; -beck; -bek; -berg; -borg; -broich; -born; -brunn; -brunnen; -burg; -brück; -brücke; -brügge; -busch; -by; -bü; -dal; -dorf; -dorp; -druf; -druff; -eck; -egge; -egk; -ei; -end; -ey; -feld; -felde; -fels; -ford; -forst; -fort; -furt; -furth; -förde; -gast; -hafen; -hagen; -hain; -hammer; -hart; -hausen; -haven; -heide; -heim; -hof; -hoff; -holm; -holt; -holz; -hoven; -horst; -husen; -hübel; -hütte; -in; -ing; -ingen; -itsch; -itz; -itzsch; -kerken; -kirch; -kirchen; -kloster; -land; -leben; -lohe; -mark; -markt; -mole; -molen; -möle; -mölen; -mühl; -mühle; -mühlen; -ow; -ov; -rich; -roda; -rode; -rose; -see; -stadt; -stedt; -stein; -städt; -stetten; -sund; -tal; -trop; -trup; -vörde; -wald; -walde; -wangen; -weiler; -wold; -wolde; -zell


tarphycone / tarphyconic "Among the Ammonoidea the terms ammoniticone, mimoceracone and bactriticone are sometimes used for the close-coiled, loose-coiled and straight (primitive) forms."

genitus (cloud / weather term)
transrace, transregion, transage (see Citations:transrace)
microassault#Verb/microassaulting/micro-assault, micro-invalidate, microinvalidative/micro-invalidative
bierock, bieroch, beerock, berrock, bierox, beerrock
dumpster diving, totting, skipping, skip diving, skip salvage, curb shopping, trash picking or street scavenging, scrapping
argumentum ad lapidem, appeal to the stone
shoot your shot or shoot one's shot: to take one's chance; in particular: to pursue someone one wants to date
tachyphasia (syn of tachylalia, see bradyphasia), ataxaphasia, dactylophasia, eidophasia
gynemimetomorph (see gynemimesis)
auto-antonym, autantonym, contronym, contranym, antagonym, Janus word, enantiodrome, self-antonym, antilogy, or addad (Arabic, singular didd). enantiosemy, enantionymy or antilogy
decrease "remove creases from"
godbearing / Godbearing
ultravulcanian, plinian
sand cutter (a type of diviner, also called a sand doctor)
rare queer neologisms:

Rhinogradentia (fictional group; also a real group of butterflies?), Rhinogradentia steineri (real butterflies?), rhinogrades (English and French), snouters (possibly attested in a non-Steiner sense?), nasoria (in real taxonomic names). Eoörnis pterovelox gobiensis. Lists of fictional species.
takie (Syrian hat, similar to a tarboosh)
yerker (sudden blow; horse that jerks; mischievous child) (from jerker?)
Southern US terms from Century:
paddies (plurale tantum) : pantalets or knee-drawers with flounces.
(per Century and The Sportsman's Gazetteer) goggle-eyed perch : strawberry perch ; chub (South Carolina); chinkapin perch / chinquapin perch (Louisiana or general Southern US); sac-a-lai / sac a lai (New Orleans Creoles)
chicken-bill : The sora, Porzana carolina, so called from its short bill.
dull : see Talk:dull
Englisher (more English, also, something to do with ?cloth?)
create/expand: Volgian, Volgan (search for e.g. Volgan + Russia); schwerpunkt#English (RFV?)
jumping spider subfamily members:
aelurilline (only one BGC hit)
agoriine (unattested)
amycine (not attested in this sense?)
balline (not attested in this sense?)

hasariine heliophanine hisponine marpissine myrmarachnine pellenine plexippine salticine synageline synemosynine

hegumenia/ihumenia, gonker = Armenian church epigonation, nabedrennik
Tengisian, Ganagolian and Karachaganakian (these are either geologic period names, or straightforward "from [place]" adjectives, but none of them meet CFI yet)
quick clay/quickclay, acrotelm, catotelm
membraniporiform, adeoniform, celleporiform, vinculariiform, cellariiform
reteporiform: "reteporid cheilostomes are especially interesting in that their colony form — erect perforated sheets or latticelike networks (designated reteporiform; Stach, 1936)"
Frankification (Gallicization)
inbark (see Century)
  • From Century:
kirtle (petticoat); separate etyl "kirtle of flax" (quantity, about 100 lb, of flax)
kirve, kerve : ((mining) to hole, to undercut)
kistress : a kestrel-hawk (Blome; Halliwell)
kit-kat, kit-cat : a (size of) portrait, less than half-length ("some of his kit-kats and full-length" "kit-kat of" "canvas for a kit-kat is")
kitchen : (verb!)
kitchen-fee, kitchen-gain : ((historical)? fat which falls from meat during roasting; drippings, taken by the cook)
quone (protologism)

seemingly not attested
  • monoyeric : (of a manuscript) using only one yer letter (despite containing enough words that it could be expected to use both of the yers which exist in the Cyrillic alphabet)
  • testovarectomy (removal of both testicular and ovarian tissue)

stems = supposedly slang for "legs"
yabos = supposedly slang for "breasts"
time depth
fermor, fermour (obsolete spellings of farmer? found outside the compound gongfermo(u)r?)
fayer, gong-fayer
lithsexual (sexual version of lithromantic: person who feels sexual attraction but does not need or want this to be reciprocated / does not want to receive sexual pleasure, compare stone, stone butch)
nonamory, nonlibidoist
macrolect, microlect, panlect, communalect
hylophyte, poophyte
Alpiner, alpiner
splenomalacia, lienomalacia
English: Shetland or Orkney terms[edit]
  • 1883, John R. Tudor, The Orkneys and Shetland: Their Past and Present State, London : E. Stanford ; Kirkwall, Eng. : W. Peace ; Lerwick, Eng. : C. & A. Sandison, page 132:
    A boat itself is either farr or knoren; the stern is kupp or steven; the loose boards forming the flooring are the tilfer; the plug used to stop the hole through which, when run ashore, any water, the boat may have made when afloat, is run off, is the nile; the scoop used in baling is auskfrrie; the division boards dividing a boat into compartments are fiskafeal; the compartments themselves are rooms; a stone anchor is a fastie; the band binding the ribs together is a hadaband; the horn used to shw the course to other boats at night, or in fog, is looderhorn; a boat's compass is a diackle; oars are rems, remaks, or ars; the mast is steng; [...] to keep a boat in position in a tideway, or up to wind, is to andoo; to back water is to shoo; and to reef a sail is to swift.
    farr, knoren, kupp, steven, tilfer, fiskafeal, room, fastie, hadaband, looderhorn / looder-horn, diackle, rem / rems, remak / remaks, ar / ars, steng, andoo, shoo, swift
English: geological terms[edit]

Many of these are taken from the Drilling Data Handbook →ISBN of Gilles Gabolde and Jean-Paul Nguyen. Some may already have entries, others may not be attested (a few may even be misspelt):

Also, most of the words removed in these edits, while they exist, have very vague definitions.

English: non-old taxonomic/species names[edit]

Asian lesser white-toothed shrew, lesser Canada goose, lesser Congo shrew, lesser dung fly, lesser dwarf shrew, lesser flying phalanger, lesser gray-brown musk shrew, lesser grison, lesser mouse-deer (lesser Malay chevrotain, kanchil), lesser rock shrew, lesser Ryukyu shrew, lesser striped shrew, lesser white-toothed shrew, and more by searching Wikipedia for intitle:"Lesser" species.

English: old taxonomic names[edit]
my notes are in [single square brackets]

Thick-billed Guillemot [...] the Atlantic bird is called Lomvia arra svarbag, and the Pacific simply L. arra, but under the system of nomenclature followed in the "Key" the Atlantic should have been called Lomvia svarbag and the Pacific Lomvia svarbag arra, as Pallas's name is later than that given by Brünnich. [In old literature, the name "Lomvia arra" is quote common, often scanno'ed by Google as "Lomria arra". The bird is now called Uria lomvia or Uria lomvia arra.]

From Frank Finn, The World's Birds (1908): Uria troile, Alca impennis, Simorhynchus pusillus, Mergulus alle, Uria grylle, Uria brunnichi.

  • 1841, William Charles Linnaeus Martin, A general introduction to the natural history of mammiferous animals
  • "Commencing, then, with the Ferae, Nature appears to quit them [aquatic types], for the Lemurs, by such animals as the Arctitis [?same as Arctoidea?], Temm., and [...]" [...]
  • Mr Swainson's parallel arrangement of the Mammalia and Birds is as follows:—
    Orders of Quadrupeds [] Orders of Birds.
    I. Typical Group. — [...]
    II. Sub-typical group. [...]
    III. Aberrant group. [...]
    Circle, Simiadae; or, Old-World Monkeys. [...]
    III. Aberrant group.
    Papio. {Head very large, little or no tail;} Cetacae.
    Macacus. {Tail comparatively long; hare-lipped;} Glires.
    Inunus. {Head conspicuously created;} Ungulata.
  • Ungulata. — Families of Rasores.
    Solipedes. Tail excessively long. Pavonidae (Peacock).
    Ruminantes. Tail very short. Tetraonidae (Grouse).
    Anoplotheres. Semi-aquatic. Cracidae (Curassows).
    Edentates. Jaws prolonged, slender; feet short. Columbidae (Pigeons).
    Pachydermes. Size, large; hair or feathers, very thin; skin, thick. Struthionidae (Ostrich, Cassowary). [...]
  • [misc species names that were mentioned:] Bos dermaceros, Bos pusio, Bos thersites [...]
  • "the argument is directed [...] against the inclusion in the order Cheiropoda, of Bimana (Man), Quadrumana (the Old-World-Monkeys and Lemurs), and Pedimana (the American Monkeys and the Opossums), as coequal families"
  • 1851, George Vasey, Delineations of the Ox Tribe
    "what analogy can be discovered between an ordinary bull (Taurus) and a man, a monkey, or a bat (Primates); or between Taurus and the Incessores (Perching Birds)? Or between Buffaloes, whose horns are partially covered with skin (Dermaceros), and cocks and hens (Rasores)?"
English: armor[edit]
  • ME picer (attested in the plural, olde picers, also pic(i)eres), "breastplate for a war horse", OF piciere, (modern Fr. pissière?)
  • DEAF has picer m. AND, MélReid (piece of harness=armor covering a horse's breast), as well as piciere f. TL, Gdf, MED, FEW, etc (def as above):
  • 1849, The United Service Magazine, page 37:
    Beneath this was the poitrail, piciere, potrinail or breast plate; not as now a mere strap, but a broad plate of steel or leather fashioned to the breast and shoulders of the horse, and not unfrequently rising high up before the saddle, []
  • 1857, British Archaeological Association, Journal of the British Archaeological Association, page 132:
    The chest of the horse would seem to be protected with a breastplate, or sort of piciere, consisting of several large annular bosses, with a festoon of oval []
  • 1858, “The” Archaeological Journal, page 358:
    The horse-armour of leather, doubtless cuirbouilli, flaunchers and picers, or defences for the flanks and chest, deserve notice. Leathern armour was probably in frequent use for such purposes; thus in the will of the Earl Warren []
  • 1867, The Reliquary and Illustrated Archaeologist, volumes 7-8, page 90:
    [] It is difficult to determine whether the vandyked ornamentations between the various divisions of the bridle are intended to pourtray the design upon a leather collar, piciere, or breast-plate on the chest of the animal, or merely a fanciful filling up, as nothing resembling it appears upon the necks of the bronze receptacles mentioned, save a little ornamented medallion or stud (?) upon one specimen, [...]
    • 1867, The Reliquary: depository for precious relics, legendary, biographical, and historical, page 89:
      The chest of the horse would seem to be protected with a breast-plate, or sort of piciere, consisting of []
  • 1316, the Inventory of Louis le Hutin [p. 15 ln. 1], quoted in translation in 1842, Samuel Rush Meyrick, A Critical Inquiry Into Antient Armour, as it Existed in Europe, Particularly in Great Britain, from the Norman Conquest to the Reign of King Charles II: Ill. by a Series of Illuminated Engravings : with a Glossary of Military Terms of the Middle Ages, page=158:
    Item a coat, bracers, hose, and shield, and chapel covered with velvet, and horse-covering with the king's [arms...] Item picieres and flanchieres of samit , having on them the king's arms, the fleur-de-lys being of Cyprus gold.}}
    [original:] Item, picieres et flanchieres de samit des armes le roy.
cf baldric, ceinture
Reiterharnisch (Küriss) für Feld und Turnier
File:Rüstung - Bestandteile - Vorder- und Rückseite.jpg: Plattenrüstung usw.
a Scheitelstück oder Glocke des Helmes, b Visier, c Kinnreff, d Kehlstück, e Nackenschirm, f Halsberge, g Bruststück, h Rückenstück, i Bauchreifen (Bauchreife) mit Beintaschen u. Gesäßreifen (*Gesäßreife), k Vorder- u. Hinterflüge, l Federstifte zum Festhalten der Vorder- u. Hinterflüge verbindenden Achselstücke, m Brechränder (Brechrand) o. Stosskragen, n Armzeug, Ober- u. Unterarmschienen, o Armkacheln (Ellbogenkachel, Muschel, Mäusel, Ellenbogenpanzer), p gefingerte Eisenhandschuhe, q Rüsthaken zum einlegen der Lanze (w:de:Rüsthaken), r Diechlinge (Schenkelstücke), s Kniebuckel, t Beinröhren, u Eisenschuhe (Bahrenfüsse o. Kuhmäuler), v Panzerschutz (o. unterer Teil des Ringelpanzers).- Deutscher Harnisch aus der Zeit Kaiser Maximilian I. (15. Jhd.)
Citations:lendenier, Citations:Lendenier

ailette alt forms : alette, aleron, aileron?, ailerette?

ballistic cloth bellows visor bretache (nosepiece on a bascinet) Citations:buhurt, Citations:behourd cannon (lower cannon, upper cannon) chapeau or cap of dignity dog-faced (helm) dossiere form of dossière (backplate: see Citations:spallière) dragoon / dragoon helm / dragoon helmet enclosed helmet frog-mouth helm - Stechhelm (stechhelm) Citations:garcette Citations:garlick great helm = pot helm, bucket helm (barrel helm); jack of plate (jack of plate) = SOP with jack? — jambiere / jambière (greave) janetaire jarnac katapu, kalapu: "A Sea Dyak war hat. It is a close fitting skull cap of rattan decorated with hornbill's feathers." Kamm Kinnreff (only German?) kop / kneekop / kneecop etc = cop knuckle-bow kulah khud lanciotte/lanciotto Lamellenhelm / lamellenhelm lobster-tail/lobster tail/lobstertail = lobster-tailed pot = horseman's pot, harquebusier's pot lochaber axe/lochaber ax/Lochaber axe/Lochaber ax loin-guard, loin guard, loinguard, luchet luneta, lunette Citations:magestone, mantlet (google books:mantlet mail, also a kind of shield) nasal helmet, nasal padded jack (gambeson) = SOP with jack? — paseki Paseki secrete / secret (hidden helmet) shoulderpiece sideplate souliere / soulière Spangenhelm / spangenhelm Citations:spallière, Citations:spalliere strikeface sugar loaf takula tofao turban helmet viking helmet war hat=kettle hat? Citations:waveblade,

  • 2014, Ron Miller, The Iron Tempest, Baen Publishing Enterprises (→ISBN)
    [They instructed] the avid girl in the proper use of the broadsword, short sword, quarterstaff and cudgel, alavica and bec-de-faucon, luchet [...] She was then dressed in her freshly-minted armor, created by an ancient armorer who, back in his smithy, ...
demi-jambarts, jambarts

manople "a gauntlet, armbrace", "long blade attached to an iron gauntlet"

  • 1932, The Johns Hopkins Studies in Romance Literatures and Languages:
    Quant aux autres , on retrouvera dans Lacurne , “ brandaciers , ” dans Cotgrave , manoples , rondaces et rudaches . " M. Lancaster a retrouvé rudaches dans Mahelot , p . 94 , n . 1. Cotgrave traduit " rondelle " " Il est à noter []
  • 1932, Louise Alfreda Hill, The Tudors in French Drama:
    ... halecrets , Casques , plastrons , cuissots , morions , follerets , Cottes de maille , armets , corcelets , épaulettes , Ecus , targues , pavois , boucliers , moignons , tassettes , Cuirasses , gorgerins , manoples , gantelets []
mamelière : alt. form mamillière :
  • 1900, Robert Coltman Clephan, The Defensive Armour and the Weapons and Engines of War of Mediæval Times: And of the "Renaissance.", page 164:
    It was not uncommon for a ring to be fixed to the pommel for attachment to a chain connecting it with a mamillière. Examples of this kind may be seen on an effigy in the church at Ebersberg, temp. 1371; another at Borfe, in the []
  • 1901, Society of Antiquaries of Newcastle upon Tyne, Proceedings ..., page 132:
    The anelace is of Italian origin and derives its name from the ring attached to it which was connected by a light chain with a mamillière. The misericorde here is from the Meyrick collection, and an example of this weapon is []
  • 1900, Robert Coltman Clephan, The Defensive Armour and the Weapons and Engines of War of Mediæval Times: And of the "Renaissance.", page 35:
    Mamillières were circular plates over the paps, with rings affixed. Chains passed through the rings, one being usually attached to the sword and scabbard. These pieces were introduced in the reign of Edward I., and prevailed during []
(Old, Middle, modern) French:
  • 1842, S.R. Meyrick, A Critical Inquiry Into Antient Armour, as it Existed in Europe, Particularly in Great Britain, from the Norman Conquest to the Reign of King Charles II: Ill. by a Series of Illuminated Engravings : with a Glossary of Military Terms of the Middle Ages, page 194:
    In an account of Stephen de la Fontaine, the French King's silversmith at Paris, beginning the 1st of July, 1352, is a charge, "Pour faire et forger la garnison d'une paire de harnois tout blanc, [] c'est à sçavoir 1068 clos à estoilles, 8 boucles, 8 mordans à fermer les plates, d'une grant boucle pour le dossier, 12 rivez, 2 charnières, 2 mamellières , et deux chaienes pour icelle mamellière."
  • 1882, Félix Gras, Toloza, geste provençale, avec la traduction française littérale, page 439:
    Ils attachent heaumes et mamellières, Et cuissards, et jambiers, et gorgerins, et brassards. Ils baisent leurs reliquaires et montent à cheval. Les voilà, ils ont sailli des portails.
    (please add an English translation of this quote)
  • 1849, Dictionnaire de l'armée de terre, ou Recherches historiques sur l'art et les usages militaires des anciens et des modernes par le Général Bardin: 11, page 3286:
    Les Mamelières s'allachaient à un boulon qui saillait en cet endroit de la cuirasse; elles y jouaient avec une [...] et même au commencement du seizième, les Mamelières étaient gravées et damasquinées; leur centre supportait une []
    (please add an English translation of this quote)
  • 1821, Charles de Pougens, Archéologie française, page 37:
    MAMELLIÈRE, S. f. Partie de l'armure qui couvre les mamelles. Compt. de J. Lafontaine, argentier du roi, ann. 1352, cité par Du Cange, Gloss. ad script., au mot mamillaria.
    (please add an English translation of this quote)
  • 1905, George Clinch, Handbook of English Antiquities for the Collector and the Student, page 172:
    On the breast were roundels of steel, called mamellières, to which were attached chains by which the helmet, sword, or dagger were fastened in such a way that they might easily be recovered if they were struck from the person of the []
maleus, malleus (falchion?, etc)
  • 1914, American Museum of Natural History, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, page 372:
    Malleus . A large more or less discoid body above the manubrium , from which arises the slender arched cephalic ... bounding the lamina ; manubrium dagger - shaped , bimarginate , the margin seen from without broad but extremely thin []
  • 1909, Theodore Dru Alison Cockerell, Collected papers:
    The malleus is very peculiar , almost dagger - like , with a high handlelike head ; the manubrium , while of ordinary shape , though rather short , is of similar consistency throughout , without the strong marginal ribs seen in Epimys []

greathalberd, ?greatknife, ?greatmail, ?greatplate, ?greatspearwaraxe/warax, warblade, warhelm, warshield, warspear, warsword

  • 2013, John Gwynne, Malice, Orbit (→ISBN)
    Kastell closed his eyes, remembering the hulking shapes striding through the broken gates of his hold, swinging their great-hammers and war-axes, outlined by flames. He shuddered. He had been six years old. He wished Aguila would stop ...
rest in pieces

kusari (chain armor, chainmail) mengu (mask) (!) (cuirass) kote (vambrace and lower pauldron) sode (roughly: pauldron) suneate (greave, shinguard) tsuba (sword guard), yoroi armor, ebira (quiver), yugake (archery gloves), hakama (breeches), haramaki (armor which opens at the back), eboshi, mon

bisarme = fauchard = guisarme / gisarme / gisaring,
  • 1845, John Hewitt, The Tower: Its History, Armories, and Antiquities : the Descriptions Accompanied with an Essay on English Armour from the Time of the Conqueror Till Its Final Disuse ... Now First Compiled from Official Documents in the Tower ..., page 102:
    The Guisarme ( or Bisarme ~ from its two prongs ) is another very early weapon , and was known in the 12th century . It is mentioned in the Statute of Winchester and by Fleta : and was in use as late as the Battle of Flodden . 3.
  • 1884, Sir Richard Francis Burton, The Book of the Sword, page 95:
    The glaive of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries was followed by the Guisarme , Gisarme , or Bisarme . This long blade , with a slender spear - point projecting from the back , is still used by the Chinese ; and the Despots of Dahome []

bear spear, boar spear, Brogit staff / brogit staff, dagger-axe/daggeraxe/dagger-ax/daggerax; dory jitte, kontos/conto/contos, pudao, rawcon, runka, rhomphaia, roncola#English, sai, scythe, slaughsword; sovnya, sparth, sparth axe, pale-axe / pale axe, sparr axe / sparr-axe, sparr, spetum, svärdstav / swordstaff / sword-staff / swordstave / sword-stave, trident, war scythe, woldo ...

hasta, menaulion, ox tongue spear, plançon/plancon/planson/plançon à picot, quarterstaff, Scottish halberd ... arbir, bisento, dangpa, fangtian ji, gichang, hoko yari, ji, kama-yari, kudi, ngao, podao, qiang, sasumata sibat, sodegarami, tabar, torimono sandōgu, trishula/trisula, tsukubō

Citations:gates of hell
  • 1868, Paul Lacombe, Les armes et les armures, page 124:
    On compléta la défense en ajoutant au bassinet une pièce, à laquelle on donna le nom de mesail ou mursail, ou museau, et qui se profilait, en effet, comme le museau d'une bête, comme un grouin.
  • 1954, Ashland Studies for Shakespeare / 1956, Institute of Renaissance Studies, Ashland Studies in Shakespeare: A Book of Articles, Bibliographies, Prints, and Drafts for Projects, Designed to be Background Material for Lectures in the Renaissance Institute Conducted in Connection with the Oregon Shakespeare Festival of 1956
    ... section was called variously a ventaile or a visor; because it was usually made with an extended snout-like shape, to allow of as much air as possible when it was closed down, it was also called mesail or mursail (muzzle).
  • 1882, William Audsley, Popular Dictionary of Architecture and the Allied Arts: A Work of Reference for the Architect, Builder, Sculptor, Decorative Artist, and General Student. With Numerous Illustrations from All Styles of Architecture, from the Egyptian to the Renaissance, page 120:
    This piece, called the mesail, or mursail (from the kind of resemblance it necessarily bore to the muzzle of an animal), but more generally known in England as the ventaile, or visor, was pierced for both sight and breathing ...
  • 1885, Alphonse Maze-Sencier, Le livre des collectionneurs, page 703:
    Le bacinet, sorte de calotte pointue, remplaça le heaume; comme il laissait la figure à découvert, on y ajouta une pièce ayant la forme d'un museau et qui, pour cette raison, reçut le nom de mesail ou mursail.
  • 1925, Société archéologique de Bordeaux, Bulletin et mémoires
    Le profil de ce casque a la forme d'un museau ou d'un groin et porte le nom de mursail; le haut de cette pièce est percé d'une fente pour la vue et dans le bas de trous pour la respiration. Ce casque n'était pas rivé, ce qui ...
tangni, tang ni, Tang Ni
  • 2020 July 6, Dou QuQu, Three Kindoms: Invincible Army: Volume 1, Funstory, →ISBN:
    He wore a golden crown on his head, a Hundred Blossom Battle Robe, Tang Ni armor, and a lion shaped barbarian belt. Guo Zhi could not help but sigh. Indeed, he was indeed a Lü Bu amongst men, a red rabbit among horses!
  • 2013, Wilt L. Idema, Stephen H. West, The Generals of the Yang Family: Four Early Plays (World Scientific, →ISBN, page 106:
    On their caps they pin golden xiechai; on their armor they wear brocaded tangni.9 The strings of their bows resound with a twang; the hooves of their horses hammer the earth. They are generals who risk their life and court death []
    9 The xiechai 獬豸 is a mythical animal that is depicted as a one-horned goat. It will butt into a criminal on sight. Tangni 唐猊 is a lion-like plate worn on the front of the armor.
  1. An item of armor protecting the loins.
    • 1902, British School at Athens, The Annual of the British School at Athens, page 258:
      Loin-guards. - Seven whole, besides many fragments. These semicircular plates have been found more often in Crete than on the mainland. [] The Praesos loin-guards have three rings in their upper edge; []
Alternative forms
  • 2003, R. Garcia y Robertson, Knight Errant, Macmillan (→ISBN), page 350:
    Edward waited at the Milk Gate atop Caesar , bareheaded and smiling broadly — but wearing half - armor , a shining backand - breast , steel sleeves , loin guards , gauntlets , and big riding boots with the tops turned down .
  • 2015, Michael Gagarin, Paula Perlman, The Laws of Ancient Crete, C.650-400 Bce, Oxford University Press (→ISBN), page 13:
    Turning next to dedicatory practices, the dedication of bronze armor (particularly helmets and mitras or loin guards) at urban sanctuaries, a votive practice of the late seventh and early sixth centuries,47 marks a shift.
  • 2016, Tanith Lee, No Flame But Mine, Open Road Media (→ISBN)
    Both young men were stripped to loin-guards. They had been wrestling, a favourite warrior sport at Padgish. Fenzi, wrestling Jafn fashion, had seemed an easy target. Not so. Risen, Sombrec went on glaring, now at a pillar. Risen,
  • 2007, Simon Scarrow, When the Eagle Hunts: A Novel of the Roman Army, Macmillan (→ISBN)
    Their leather harnesses creaked and their scabbards and loin guards chinked as the snow softly crunched under their boots. Ahead of him the path was disturbed by the passage of the Durotriges only moments before, and they had left a ...
  • 1906, Edgcumbe Staley, The Guilds of Florence, page 383:
    Cuoio - lesso was employed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries by the fitters of suits of armour , as elbow , knee , and loin guards . Thanks to this fashion GUILD OF TANNERS 383.
  • 2007, SM Stirling, Ice, Iron, and Gold, Start Publishing LLC (→ISBN)
    ... over their shoulders and short iron swords at their sides. They wore only kilts and pleated loin-guards, but there were leather bandoliers of papyrus cartridges at their right hips. Djehuty Riding Shotgun to ...
  • 2017, Phyllis A. Whitney, Spindrift, Open Road Media (→ISBN)
    Everything was here, from helmets and visors to breastplates, skirts of chain mail, loin guards, kneepieces, greaves for the shins and sollerets that covered the feet. I knew something about armor because Peter and I had spent some time ...
    • 2017, D.M. Loades, The Anthony Roll of Henry VIII? Navy: Pepys Library 2991 and British Library Add MS 22047 with Related Material, Routledge (→ISBN), page 173:
      grapnel (crapnolles, grape yrons, grappers, grapilles, grapulles, grapyrons, gravulles) 1.
  • 1974, United States. Occupational Safety and Health Review Commission, OSAHRC Reports, page 10:
    I do feel that the answer , again , is the fact that these men are furnished with safety belts and loinguards and they just have to wear them ” ( T. 35 ) . He did agree , however , that the use of safety belts with loinguards was ...
  • 1989, Roland Green, Conan The Valiant, Macmillan (→ISBN), page 45:
    Four of the women were a pleasure to any man's eye , the more so as they wore only sandals , gilded loinguards , and silver collars set with topazes . It took nothing from Conan's pleasure in the women to detect small daggers hidden in ...
  • 2012, Roland Green, Knights of the Crown: The Warriors, Wizards of the Coast (→ISBN)
    “The only way we could avoid leaving tracks is to approach wearing nothing but daggers and loinguards. That would undoubtedly draw the pirates' attention. Having come this far, I would like to ransom my betrothed and learn a trifle ...
  • 1992, Roland Green, Conan the Relentless, Macmillan (→ISBN), page 60:
    Her light linen trousers now covered less than did most loinguards , and her shirt consisted of rags that threatened to part company with one another at any moment . Her garb might be in disarray , but her wits were not .
English: heraldry[edit]
A : abatements, abeyance, a bouché / bouché, abouté, accessories / accessory, accolade, accolé, accompagné, accosted, accroupi, accrued "used to express a tree which has attained its full growth", achievement, acorné, acorned, acoté, addorsed / adossed, addossé, adorned, adumbrated, adumbration, advancers "upper branches of a stag's horns", affronté, agneau pastoral / agneau, aguilated / aigulated, aiglette, aiguisé, ailettes, aislé, ajouré, alant, a la quise / quise = cuisse, alb "white garment worn by priests", aliaizé / aliecé vs alisé / alaissé, allerion, almoner, altar ("usually born surmounted by flames"), alterné, amalthea, ambulant "walking or passant", coambulant / co-ambulant "walking together", amphisien cockatrice, ananas, ancient / ancyent "a small pointed flag carried by an officer similar to the modern ensign, who was also known as an ancient", angenne, anglé, angled, anille, animé, annelet, annodated, annulet, annuletté / annulated, annuletted, etc: having a ring or annulet at each extremity; anserated, anshent, anté / enté, antic / antique s. ancient; antique crown, Eastern crown, apaumé / appalmed, apres "a fictitious animal, like a bull, but having the tail of a bear", aquilated ("adorned with eagles' heads, as a In blazoning the human arm as a charge, or [a] cross aquilated"), ar., arg., arazed = erased, arbaleste, archduke's crown, arched / arché / archy, armarium honoris, armé, armed, armes parlantes s. rebus, arming buckles, armoiries, armoyé, armys = arms or armor, armys harnyayd?, arondé, arondia, arraché, arraswise, arrasways, arrayed, arrayer, arrieré, arrondie, pheoned, aseare / asewre = azure, ash keys or ashen keys, asker = egg-breeding reptile, aspect, at gaze, in full aspect, aspectant, aspecting, aspersed, ass "the lively emblem of patience", assailant, assaultant, or assaulting adj. (also n.), assemblé, assieta or assiette, assis, assurgent, asteroid or astroid = star, astrolabe, at bay, at gaze, at speed, atchievement, Athelstan's cross, attire = the horns of a stag or buck, or clothing; attired, aulned, auré, auriflamme, ave, avellane, avellaned pomel / pomel, averlye, aversant, dorsed, aylets, or sea-swallows, ayrant, az., azur = azure
anchored or ancred cross; ancré:
  • 1962, Thomas Baty; Julian Franklyn, Vital Heraldry, Edinburgh : The Armorial, page 33:
    Still more singular blazonry is found in the coat assumed by Saint Aidaus College at Birkenhead, which uses Columbia (dove-grey) a passion-cross ancré gules : on a chief sable a ducal coronet Or: all within a border of the last, []
  • 1907, Richard Henry Greene; Henry Reed Stiles; Melatiah Everett Dwight; George Austin Morrison; Hopper Striker Mott, The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, page 299:
    De Heer Kilieen Van Rensselaer was Lord of Rensselaerwyck befor 1637. [] Arms : 1st gules, a cross ancré argent : 2nd argent, a fesse embattled, voided, sable : 3d argent, three antique crosses, azure : 4th or three cheveronals sable. Motto : "Niemand Zondes." Siegneurial Coronet.

B : B. or b. = blue i.e. azure; bachelor (one at the first stage of knighthood), badelaires, brock badger, bagwyn, baillonné, bale corded, balista, ballistra s. sweep; bandé = bendy, banderole, bandrick, bandrol, banneret, bar., bar-gemelle, barbé, cresté, barbée, crested, barbel, barbelé, barelle, barellé, barking, barnacle, breys / brey - curb on a horse's upper lip, barralet / barrulet, barre, barre une, barruletté, barruletty, barrullé, barrully, barry, barry bendy, pily, bar-shot, barways / barwise, baston / baton / batton, batune, baudrier, bauteroll, beauseant, beautified, bebally, becqué, bequé, beddeth, beffroy, belfry, belic, belled, belling, berly, besant, besaunte, besca, besom, betw., bevi;, bevel. bevile, bevy, bezants, besants, bezanté / besanté, bezantlier, bezantry, bicapitated / bicapited, bicorporated, billetté, billettes, billetty, biparted, bird-bolt, bitt - bit (snaffle, manage bit), bittern, bladed, blanche = white, blasted or starved (of a branch w. no leaves), blazing star, blemished, bois de cerf, bois de diam, boltant, bordé, boterall / boteroll, botoned, bottonry, bouchier knot / bourchier knot, bouckys, bouclé, bouget, bourdon, bourguignote, bouse - water-bouget, bouget, bouterolle - chape, braced, brazed, branché, brasses (engraved brass plates placed on tombs), brassettes "armor for the arms" vs brassarts "armor for the elbow", brectesches, brettessé, breys, brique, brimsey, brinded / breended / brindled, brisé, decouplé, bristled, bristled, brisure / brizure, brochant, broches, brock - badger, brocket, brogue, bronchant, brow-antler, bruske, tenné, bullets, bur, burelle, burellé, burganet, burst, bust, bustard, butcher's axe, slaughter-axe, buttoned "applied to buckles when ornamented"
C : cablé = corded, caboched / caboshed / cabossed / caboché / cabossé / ?cabochy / ?cabossy; cabré or effray / ?effré, cadency, calamine stone, calf as the young of a stag; galtrap / caltrap, calza, camelopardel, campaned, campanes, canellé, cannet, cantond / cantonné, cap-a-pie, cap of liberty, caparaconné / caparisoned, capuchon hood closed on every side, carbuncle, careering = saliant (of a horse), cartouche of a Pope or churchman, case = stuffed skin of an animal, cased = flayed, casque = helmet, cat-a-mountain, caterfoil = quartrefoil, catoose = scroll, caudé, ceckko = checky, cercelé / recercelé, cercle, cerclé, cerise = a torteau, chafant = of a boar - depicted enraged; chain-shot, chame = annulet w. a sharp point rising from one side, champ = the field, champain s. cleché, chantant, chape or crampit - bottom of scabbard, chapeau = cap of maint., chaperon / chaperoun / chaperonne = hood, or small shield on a horse's head; chaperonné / shafferoné - hooded, chaperonnet - little hood, chaplet, chapournet - chief divided by a curved line, "used incorrectly by some English heralds for chaperonnet", chappé or chapé = cloaked; chargé / charged, chasuble, chatter or chatterer = Bohemian lark; chaussé - shod, wearing shoes, "in blazon it is the opposite of chapé, and it is formed by two lines drown from the upper corners of the field and meeting at the lowest point of the escutcheon"(??); chaussé-trappes - galtraps, cheapeau-wise / chapeau-wise / chapeauwise - like a chapeau, checkers = checky, cheeseslip - an insect; chef or chefe - chief; cheque or chequy - checky; chess rook or cocke / cock - piece used in chess, chevaltrap - galtrap, chevelé = crined, chevellé - streaming, of a comet; chevillé - attired; chevroné / chevronné / chrevronny / chrevronnee / chevronee / chrevony; chevronel, chevronways / chevronwise, chewerond - chevron, cheynyd, crownyd; chissel / chizzel - chisel; chough, cimier - crest, circumflexant-bent = bowed around; clarenceux, claricord, clariné, clarion / claricord / rest - "a conventional figure in heraldry" various supposed to be a musical clarion or a lance-rest; clasped or conjoined; cleché, clos, closs, cloudy = circling towards the centre?; cloué = nailed (a certain tincture); cloven or sarcelled; clymant, cocquel, codded - applied to pease, beans, etc when borne in the cod or pod; co-erectant / coerectant / coerect, coeur, cognizance, coiffé - hooded, collared gemelle (s. gemelle) - double-collared; collaterally disposed, collying, combatant / confronté = fighting or rampant / face to face; combattand (sic) = assaulting or lifting up a weapon; combed and wattled = barbed and crested; combel = fillet, commise cross = cross Tau; commixt / comixt / comixed / commixxed = indiscrim. intermingled; compartment; compassed / encompassed, complexed = folded or twined together; complicated (of wings); surgeant; compon / camp / componé / compony / gobony - applid to an ordinary composed of one row of squares of atlernate metals and colours; when of two rows it is compony-counter-compony, when of three, checky; concaved, conger-eel, conjoined / conjunct, conjoined in lure - two wings joined together with their tips downward; conspicuous or conspitiant - of a charge placed in front of another; cont' escartelé / contre-escartelé (escartelé) = counter-quartered; contoise, contourné, contra-nuage / contre-nuage = convered with escallop shells lying like the scales of a fish, each overlapping parts of two below it; nuage; contrary / contra / contre / contre-; contrebandé / contre-bandé - bendy per bend sinister counterchanged; contrebarré / contre-barré - bendy sinister per bend counterchanged; contre-escartelent - quarterly quartered (cf earlier), escartelent; contre-facé, contre-hermines - erminet; contre-palé, palé, paly, contre-point, contre-potencé, contre-tenant, contrevaire, converted, convexed, conyd = counter???; coote - a waterfowl smaller than a duck; coppé / copped; coquille; corbie - raven; corbyws - raven; cordals, cor de chasse, corded; cordilière (cordelière?) = silver cord which sometimes encircles the arms of widows; cordirobe - Roman garment; cordon, corled = coiled (???); cormorant; corned, corneille, cornet, cornichons, cornished, coronated, coronet, cost / cotice / cotise - dim. of bend; coticé - (of esc.) divided bendways into many equal parts; coticed or cotised - accosted, sided, or accompanied by another charge, or placed between two charges (really not same as previous?); cotoose = modillion; cotoyé - coticed; hanks of cotton; couchant or couched or couching (couchy?) - lying down, with had lifted up; couché - of a shield, suspected by a belt (really not previous?); couched - of a chevron, issuing from the dexter side; coué - coward; coulter - plough part; counter;
counter-attired, counter-changed, counter-componé, counter-couchant, counter-embowed, counter-fleury, counter-passant, counter-potent, counter-salient, counter-tripping, counter-vair,
contre-attired, contre-changed, contre-componé, contre-couchant, contre-embowed, contre-fleury, contre-passant, contre-potent, contre-salient, contre-tripping, contre-vair,
coupé et parti / couped, humetté, couplé, couple close, coupled, courant, courbé - embowed, courlett = cuirass; in one's course / in his course; couste - cost, cousu - sewed to (as a metal to a metal); coutre - coulter; couvert, cowed / coward; crampette / crampit - chape; crampetté; cramponné; crampoons / cramps; crancelin - a bend treflé, vert; crefish, creneaux / crenellé / enmanché - embattled; crenelles; crescented cross, cresset - beacon; cresté, crêté, crined, crochet musical note; croissant, croissant contourné, croisette / croisetté, croix recroisée, cronel - iron head of a tilting spear, crose or drawing board used by coopers; crosier - crozier; crossways (so as to form a cross); crossys; cruceil or crucellette - cross crosslet; crusilly / crusuly - strewn with crosses; crystal "used in fanciful blazoning for argent; pearl is more common, however"; cubit arm - arm couped at the elbow; cuffed, cullivers or culboers - cuisses / thigh armor; culter - ploughshare; cumbant - lodged; cuppa - a heraldic fur composed of pieces formed potent counter-potent, sometimes called varry-cuppa; cuppules - bars gemelle; cuppy - "by some writers held to be a fur, by others not"; currant / courant / coursant - running; currier; curvilinear; cutlass; cutt or cloven - cut in half; cygnet;
cendré as var. of cendrée?
D : dacre / Dacre; dalmatic / Dalmatic - deacon's garment; dancete, double-dancette, danché, dath's head, debased, debruised - "used when a bend or other ordinary is placed over any animal, whereby it is debarred of its natural freedom", decapitated = decapité deffait = decollated, dechaussé - dismembered (of legs only?) or without claws; decked - ornamented; marguette (of feathers), declinant or declivant; decouped / decoupé; decoupled / decouplé / uncoupled; decours, decresnent, descressant, decrescent and other spellings; defamed or disgraced - of a creature: represented without its tail; defendu / armed / tusked / ?defendé / ?defended; degraded or degreed - of a cross: having steps at each end; degrees - steps; dejected, despectant; delf - square clod or block of coal; delf-tenne, demembré - dismembered; demi or demy, demie-jarretière / demi-jarretière / jarretière - demi-garter (garter) or per close; demy vol (one wing) / vol; dentals / dentels / dentees / dens = the indents or teeth of indented; denté - tusked?; dentelle / viurie - indented?; denticules / denticles - small squares taken from the entablatur in Ionic architectur; derraché - dismembered, desarmé, descendant - volant downward; descent; despectant; despouille; detranché; detriment; devouring; dez - dice?; diadem; diamond = sable (in "blazing by precious stones"); diapered / diapré; diffamé - defamed; diffamed - of a lion, going to sinister; dilated - of a compass etc, open or extended; dimidated, dimidation; diminutives - pale: pallet and endorse, bend: garter, cost, riband; bar: closet, barrulet; chevron: chevronel, couple-close; bend sinister: scarpe, baton; disclosed - displayed; dishevelled - with loose-flowing hair; disjointed, dislodging, dismembered, dismembré, distilling = dropping; disveloped - displayed; diving = uriant or urinant?; donjonné, dormant, dors or dors endorsed = back to back, dorsed = aversant, dosser = water bouget / bouget, doublé, fitchée / fitché / fitchy; queued and double-queued = tailed / double-tailed; double tête = having two heads; tressure; downsett or daunsett - of the separated parts of an ordinary, one being set upon the other; drapeau, duciper, cannetts = ducks, dufoil or twyfoil / twifoil; dung-fork - three-pronged fork; dungeoned - donjonné; duparted or biparted, dwal = nightshade = sable when blazoning by flowers;
  • diaper, diapered; Citations:diapered
  • 1735, Francis Nichols, The Irish Compendium [of titles] of all the Nobility of Ireland [...] vol. III of the British Compendium, second edition, page 70:
    Argent, a Border Gules, diaper'd Or. The Word diaper'd signifies a Border fretted, as the Example, and charged between the Frets with Things both quick and dead, which ought to be express'd; this being charged with Crescents, Stars, Besants, and Caterfoils, and with Birds and Beasts, both whole and in Part.
  • 2013 April 16, Arthur Charles Fox-Davies, A Complete Guide to Heraldry - Illustrated by Nine Plates and Nearly 800 Other Designs, Read Books Ltd, →ISBN:
    The terms we have adopted are as follows: For drops of gold, "gutté-d'or"; silver, "gutté-d'eau"; for gules, ... The term semé must not be confused with diapering, for whilst the objects with which a field is semé are an integral part []
  • 1892, The Scottish Review, page 252:
    From a very early period fields and ordinaries are frequently decorated with diapering, usually of the same []
  • Air Force Combat Units of World War II (DIANE Publishing, →ISBN, page 341:
    Shield: Per bend gules and vert, a bend argent charged with a bendlet azure, between a wing of the third and a compass proper (bezant, with diapering green, bordered argent, thereover a four-pointed star compass, gules and azure).
E : spread, eaglet; eared, ecaillé, ecartelé, echiqueté, echiquier, eclaté, eclipsed, eclope, ecusson, eel-basket, effellonie, effray / effearé, cabré, eguisée, eightfoil, electoral crown, emanche, emaux de l'escu, embattled, embordered, embowed, embraced, embrassé droit / embrassé, embrued, emmancé, viuré, serrated; emmanche or creneaux, emmets = ants, emmusellé, empoigmé, enaluron, enarched, en arriere "borne with the back to view"; en band, enceppe, enclavé, encountering, en croix, endenché / endenté, endorse, endorsed (1. placed between two endorses; 2. addorsed), enfiled, englanté, engoulant, engouled, engrailé / engreslé, engrailed, enguiché, enhanced / enhansed, enhendée a cross, enlevé, enmanché "used where the chief has lines drawn from the centre of the upper edge of the chief to the sides, to about half the breadth of the chief. It differs from chappé, wich comes from the top to the bottom of the chief.", en pied, enraged = salient (of a horse), ensanglanté, ensigned, entangled, enté, enté en rond, entire, entoire / entoyer, entrailed / pursled / shadowed / adumbrated, entwined, entwisted, envecked, enveloped, enwarped, enwrapped, epaulette, epaulier, epimacus / opinicus, eployé, equippé / equipped, equise, eradicated, erased / arased, erect, ermine vs ermines, erminites, erminois; errant = hauriant, escaillé, escarboucle = escarbuncle, escartelé / ecartelé (by itself, or ~ en sautoir), escarteler, esclatté, escloppe, escrol, esquire / equire vs gyron (some hold a difference), essonier, estete / etete, estoile / etoile, estropie (dismembered), exasperated, exhalation (fall of rain or water-spout), expanded / expansed, eyed;
F : facé / fascé, face-lined, faillis, false cross, fanon, far-roebuck (roebuck in 5th year), fasce = fesse, flighted; feeding = preying?; fendue en pal = voided per pale; fer de dard / fer de Dard; fer de fourchette, fourchette, fer de mouline or millrind; fermau or fermail "buckle of a military belt"; ferr = horseshoe; fesse - fess, fesse point (centre of the escutcheon), festoon, fetlock, fetterlock, shackbolt, fetlock, fiché, fiery furnace / fiery, figetive, figured bearings (depicted with a human face), file = label, filet = narrow strip; fillet "the only dimunitive of the chief[,] contains one fourth of the chief in area,and always occupies the lowest portion"; fimbriated, finned (applied to fish whose fins are of a different tincture from that of the body), fire-ball = bomb; fire-beacon cf beacon; fire-brands cf brand; firme; fissure or staff "a diminutive of the bend sinister, one-fourth of it in size", fitchée, fitched, fitchy, fixed, = pointed, applid to crosses with the lower band ends in a point; fine-leaved grass / cinquefoil, fixed = firme, flagon, flamant / flambant = flaming; flank; flanches or flanques "the flanch is formed by an arched line drawn from the upper angle of the escutcheon to the base point of that side, they are always borne in pairs, the arches almost meeting in the middle of the field"; flanque point, flanch; flasques = "like flanches but smaller"; flax-breaker, cf hemp-break; flecked = "a line of partition"(?); flect, flectant, flected = bent in contrary directions like the letter S; fleece, flesh-hook, flesh-pot - iron pot with 3 legs; fleur-de-lis; fleuroné or fleur-de-lisé = fleury, flexed, float = an instrument used by bowyers; flook = a flounder; flory = flowered with the French lily (so, fleury?); flotant, flourette, flourished, flower of the flag, fly (length of a flag from fastened end to free end); flying column, focked, foldage, foliage, foliated, fondant, fontal, forcené, fore-staff, forest bill = wood bill, forked, form "the resting place of the hare", fortified "surrounded with towers", fountain "a roundal barry wacy of six argent and azure [...] represented flat, not spherical"; fracted = broken; fraise fraiser, fraze, frazier, framed saw, franché or frangé or frange, fresné s. forcené, fret "figure resembling two sticks..."; frette = fret; fretté or fretty; fretted, frightened s. forcené, fringed, frontal (noun), fructed, fulgent, fumant, furchy = forked; furiosant, fusée, fuselé, fusil "spindle of yarn"; fusillé, fusilly; fylot fylfot or gammadion
only French
  • accroché
    • 1963, Julian Franklyn, Shield and Crest: An Account of the Art and Science of Heraldry:
      Accroché : obs. of one charge hooked in another; exa.: staple and horseshoe. Accroupi : alt . for a coney when in the  []
  • allumé
    • 1856, The Monthly Packet of Evening Readings for younger memebers of the english church, page 459:
      They are most frequently borne embowed and naiant, but sometimes haurient, that is, erect and breathing: When feeding, they are termed vorant; allumé when their eyes are bright, and pamé when dying. They are either represente singly, or in twos or threes. When triple, they may be regarded as emblematic of the Holy Trinity []
    • 1892, Hugh Clark, An Introduction to Heraldry, page 39:
      Occasionally we meet with the terms allumé when their eyes are bright, and pamé when their mouths are open. When the kind of fish is not named, the ordinary shape is implied, similar to a dace or herring .
  • environné
not heraldry-specific
  • environed = past tense of general verb environ (added cat but not heraldry-specific sense)