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Anglo-Norman quartaine, Old French quartaine, from Latin quartāna (short for febris quartana), noun use of feminine form of quartānus (recurring every four days), from quartus (fourth).



quartan (plural quartans)

  1. (medicine, historical) A fever whose symptoms recur every four days.
    • 1855, Sir Richard Burton, Personal Narrative of a Pilgrimage to Al-Madinah & Meccah, Dover 1964, p. 54:
      an Egyptian at Alexandria, whose quartan resisted the strongest applications of European physic, was effectually healed by the actual cautery, which a certain Arab Shaykh applied to the crown of his head.


quartan (comparative more quartan, superlative most quartan)

  1. (medicine) Recurring every four days; especially in designating a form of malaria with such symptoms.
    • 1621, Democritus Junior [pseudonym; Robert Burton], The Anatomy of Melancholy, Oxford: Printed by Iohn Lichfield and Iames Short, for Henry Cripps, OCLC 216894069; The Anatomy of Melancholy, 2nd corrected and augmented edition, Oxford: Printed by John Lichfield and James Short, for Henry Cripps, 1624, OCLC 54573970, (please specify |partition=1, 2, or 3):
      , New York, 2001, p.218:
      Pork, of all meats, is [] naught for queasy stomachs, insomuch that frequent use of it may breed a quartan ague.

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