jaque

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See also: ja que and já que

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Portuguese jaca (jackfruit), from Malayalam ചക്ക (cakka).

Noun[edit]

jaque m or f (plural jaques)

  1. jackfruit
Alternative forms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old French jaque; see there for more.

Noun[edit]

jaque m (plural jaques)

  1. (historical) gambison

Further reading[edit]


Old French[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Usually linked to the given name Jacques; an alternative origin connects it with jaque de mailles (coat of arms), which is from Arabic شـَكّ(šakk, breastplate).

Noun[edit]

jaque m (oblique plural jaques, nominative singular jaques, nominative plural jaque)

  1. a gambison; a type of tight-fitting shirt

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • French: jaque
  • German: Jacke
  • Middle English: jakke, jacke, jak, jake
  • Italian: giacca
  • Venetian: xaca

From diminutive jaquet:


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Spanish xaque, from Arabic شاه(šāh, shah; king chess piece), from Middle Persian 𐭬𐭫𐭪𐭠(mlkʾ /šāh/, king). Doublet of cheque and escaque (chess tile), the latter formerly meaning "(any) chess piece" as well.

To explain the unusual rendering of Arabic -h as /k/ (-que), Coromines and Pascual suggest influence from escaque instead. They also mention an alternative idea they find less likely where the sound [h] was exaggerated as [k], cf. Medieval Latin nichil [ˈnikil]. Yet another explanation (not in Coromines and Pascual) for the /k/ is that it is from Arabic شاهك šāh-ak ("your king"), especially as it is used to announce an upcoming attack onto the enemy's king. First attested in 1283 as dar xaque ("to threaten the enemy's king").

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈxake/, [ˈxa.ke]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

jaque m (plural jaques)

  1. (chess) check
    No oí bien cuando me dijo « ¡Jaque! »I didn't hear well when she said "Check!"
  2. jeopardy
    Vamos, no me pongas en jaque con esa pregunta repentina.C'mon, don't put me in jeopardy with that sudden question.

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

jaque

  1. inflection of jaquir:
    1. third-person singular present indicative
    2. second-person singular imperative

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]