rún

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See also: run, rùn, Rún, and rǔn

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse rún, from Proto-Norse ᚱᚢᚾᛟ (runo), from Proto-Germanic *rūnō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rún f (genitive singular rúnar, plural rúnir)

  1. rune
  2. (in plural: rúnir) magic

Declension[edit]

Declension of rún
f2 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative rún rúnin rúnir rúnirnar
accusative rún rúnina rúnir rúnirnar
dative rún rúnini rúnum rúnunum
genitive rúnar rúnarinnar rúna rúnanna

Icelandic[edit]

Icelandic Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia is

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse rún (secret; rune), from Proto-Norse ᚱᚢᚾᛟ (runo), from Proto-Germanic *rūnō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rún f (genitive singular rúnar, nominative plural rúnir)

  1. a rune
  2. a magical symbol
  3. (archaic or poetic) secret wisdom
  4. (obsolete) female confidant

Synonyms[edit]

  • (female confidant): rúna

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish rún (mystery, secret) (Scottish Gaelic rùn, Manx roon), from Proto-Celtic *rūnā. Cognate with Welsh rhin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rún m (genitive singular rúin, nominative plural rúin)

  1. mystery
  2. secret
  3. secret intention, purpose
  4. secret disposition; (evil) design
  5. (formal) resolution
  6. love, affection
  7. loved one; dear one, friend

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Romanization[edit]

rún (Zhuyin ㄖㄨㄣˊ)

  1. Pinyin transcription of
  2. Pinyin transcription of

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *rūnā. Cognate with Welsh rhin.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rún f (genitive rúine, nominative plural rúna)

  1. mystery, secret
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 27c22
      Is airi am cimbid-se hóre no·pridchim in rúin sin.
      It is for that reason that I am a captive, because I preach that mystery.

Declension[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative rúnL rúinL rúnaH
Vocative rúnL rúinL rúnaH
Accusative rúinN rúinL rúnaH
Genitive rúineH rúnL rúnN
Dative rúinL rúnaib rúnaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: rún
  • Scottish Gaelic: rùn
  • Manx: roon

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
rún
also rrún after a proclitic
rún
pronounced with /r(ʲ)-/
rún
also rrún after a proclitic
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Old Norse[edit]

photograph of the inscription on the Einang stone, which may be the oldest attestation of this word

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Norse ᚱᚢᚾᛟ (runo), from Proto-Germanic *rūnō, whence also Old English rūn (secret, runic letter), Old Saxon rūna (Middle Low German rūne (whisper)), Middle High German rūne (whisper), Gothic 𐍂𐌿𐌽𐌰 (rūna, secret). Or from the Proto-Indo-European *rewH- (dig, a root). Compare German Rune and Swedish runa.

Noun[edit]

rún f (genitive rúnar, plural rúnar or rúnir)

  1. secret
  2. rune

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

rún

  1. Eye dialect spelling of rốn, representing Central Vietnam and Southern Vietnam Vietnamese.