Wiktionary:IPA pronunciation key

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Broom icon.svg A user suggests that this Undetermined project page be cleaned up, giving the reason: “We can't include all languages or even most, so we need to decide which to include and not allow any more. There are also many inaccuracies”.
Please see the discussion on Requests for cleanup(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the problem has been dealt with.

This is a chart of International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) symbols. For an explanation of IPA, see the International Phonetic Alphabet article on Wikipedia.

In the row for each IPA symbol are words that are typically transcribed using the symbol, or are known to have the sound represented by the symbol in at least some pronunciations. The part of the word that corresponds to the IPA symbol is bolded.

Vowels[edit]

To edit, visit Wiktionary:IPA pronunciation key/vowels.
IPA Latin English Dutch German Hungarian Spanish French Italian Catalan Russian Swedish Vietnamese Korean Greek Croatian Japanese Portuguese Finnish
i ille easy1 ziet, psychisch Mikroskop vizes sí vie città pi, mil один ri ήλιος sin amigo mi
ira seen Biene zsír dire prima sil phi ひいらぎ siili
ɪ legit city zit Tisch zsinór vite10 перо sill linh
e legen, zee6 Etage emelet él année fetta després, cec шея chê μέλι red eu eläin
egi there13 Ehre édes rete hel へい tee
ei rei seis dei rei sei
play zee5
eu eurus eeuw Europa seurata
ɛu peu
ɛ terra bed Erde kell mettre ferro desprès, cel это häll te ela
ɛː bij6 Ähre mère bene häl
ɛi bij5 sei servei
ɛə there1
æ cat leggen пять herr xa setä
æː här pää
y duur, luren Büro menü du yksi
über hű mur syl pyy
ʏ scylla Glück bükk chute10 syll
ø deur Ökonom öt deux öljy
øː Höhle bőr neutre nöt insinööri
œ hun Hölle sör neuf nött
ɨ мышь vinte9
ə about, winner1 gevaar, avond, een, gevaarlijk bitte de per, hola мало boken
ɚ winner2 soccer11
ɐ cut1 besser большой ăn pano
ɜ
ɜː bird1
ɝ bird2
a pater aan, lager hat van14 algo lac, bateau fatto pa маленький matt ra άνω dan fala
mater mock1 Bahn ágy page fato かあさん
fight aai sein vainilla ail11 mai
ʉ чуть
ʉː ful
ɵ тётя full
ɯ như 7
ɯː すう7
ɤ hơn
ʌ run hut ancora ân
ʌː zout6
ʌu nauw, zout5 câu
ɑ lat âne, fâcher палка talo
ɑː arm, law2 pâte mat saari
au audio auto au pausa cao
now auf pau
u do hoed kulant kullancs tú goût museo suc муж thu μου tu tuli
flumen fool Kuh rút rouge musica bot uuni
ʊ uterque put Mutter zsugor trousse10 мужчина bott trung
o zo, oor Motiv móka yo beau uomo dóna, gos вошь cô πάνω たん todo koti
omen law13 Boot ló jaune dove mål ぼうりょく moottori
ɔ obesus zot trocknen bot botte otto dona, roc moll có mola
ɔː saw, sore1, caught1 or uomo
əʊ go1
go2 jaune11 pou
ɔʊ bou
ɔɪ coil, boiler boiler Eule noi
coi
ɪə here1 hír
ɒ not1, cough
ɑ̃ an, en
ɛ̃ Teint vin
ɔ̃ on
œ̃ un
ĩ turrim sinto
rem vin10 sento
ɐ̃ santo
ũ dum dum
õ Champignon4 son dom
ã terram Champignon4 maman11

Consonants and semivowels[edit]

To edit, visit Wiktionary:IPA pronunciation key/consonants and semivowels.
Broom icon.svg A user suggests that this Undetermined project page be cleaned up, giving the reason: “more examples”.
Please see the discussion on Requests for cleanup(+) or the talk page for more information and remove this template after the problem has been dealt with.
IPA Latin English Dutch German Hungarian Spanish French Italian Catalan Russian Swedish Vietnamese Korean Greek Arabic Japanese Portuguese Finnish
p pater spin pen Pracht polgar papa paix papa papa папа spotta pin παπάς さん pato poika
pin Post potta
b bucca but, butt best Ball bőr beso boule bene bo бабушка bil μπύρα うりょく bato bileet
t tantum stop tot Treppe tér tocar tarif tempo tot телефон stå t μητέρα tato lista
top Tier tó tå thu
d dominus do dode die derék donde dent donna dau дома dam ντομάτα dado disko
t͡ʃ chair, picture tsjilp, chips4 Deutsch kulcs mucho Tchad cena tcheco
d͡ʒ gin, joy jeans Dschungel dzsungel jazz giorno dia12
c cha και yh
ɟ yo γκιόνης
k clarus scan, take kom, café Kraft kéz carro coq capo cop как skål ca κάτω cato kenkä
cat, cry, queen komm kål khách
ɡ gloria go, get zakdoek, goal geht görcs ganar gauche grillo gat говорить går γκάζι gato genomi
q قاف
ɸ くろう, 士山
β cabo 4, ライ sabre8
f fere fool, enough fiets fünf, vier fa fuerte fort fresco fort фамилия fas ph φέτα في fato fyrkka
v voice vogel Welt vas vivre via afganès вода vas vũ βόδι vela viisi4
θ thing caza3 θέμα ثانوي
ð this singen zene cada3 fada δέμα
s sero see, pass, city steen, recent, actie groß, Fluss lesz sí sauter suono sal, ce, piscina, massa, себя sil xanh xao μισώ いだん sela sinä
z zoo, roses zee See zöld mismo zèle, rose rosa, sbarra casa, zona зоопарк giữa μαζεύω いだん zela
ʃ she, sure, emotion meisje, sheriff, chips4 Geschäft esik chemin scendo caixa, xarxa sju4 chela šeikki
ʒ pleasure genre Etage garázs jour gent, joia gela
ʂ шахматы sju4, kors sắc
ʐ тяжёлый ra
ç huge licht, weg ich pech χέρι
ɕ женщина kär
ʑ сжимать
ʝ saya για
x loch4 lach, dag Buch sah ajo характер khách χάνω أخبار carro12 kahta
ɧ - sju
ɣ gaan6 miga vaga gà γάτα مشغول 4
h honor ham Hand herceg hel hay carro heinä
ɦ ahead4 hand Hase hajó maha
m manus mare man man máj mano dame mese mot мама mil máy αίμα , mato musta
ɱ emphasis omvallen6 infierno enfasi amfibi έμφαση informaatio
n nemo no nu nach nagy no nez nota nas ночь nos nó άνω うりょく nato kani
ɲ canyon2 kanjer anya año oignon gnocchi canya nhanh, sinh πανιά rainha
ŋ magnus singer, ring ring, pink Finger tengo parking, camping anche llengua ring xẻng, ngon, nghĩ άγχος ごう, んご4 sanko
ɴ enjuto ふじさ, ちゃ
l ludus left leeft lauft lecsó largo leur largo laboral pil l καλός calo kala
ʎ - ella3 aglio llarg, colla, vell κιάλια calho
ɫ pull hall палка calo8
ɾ roma better2 motor pero però4 cara πάρα caro
r riet4 rigó perro rotondo rata, sorra кора ros carro raha
ɻ run, very2 răng
ʁ dort4 kort - air, rond carro
ʀ hier, riet4 Reich air, rond carro
ɺ がとう
w volvo we wie Web víz hueso oui uovo dau oanh pau
ɥ huit
j jucundus yes ja ja jog pie yaourt ieri iot толстый jag da うき vai jalka
ʋ wang4 viisi4

Footnotes[edit]

1 British English.
2 American English.
3 Castilian Spanish.
4 In some pronunciations.
5 Hollandic Dutch.
6 Flemish Dutch.
7 Actually a close back compressed vowel, for which there is no single symbol in IPA.
8 In Portugal only. Not in Brazil and Africa.
9 In Portugal and Africa only. Not in Brazil.
10 Phonetically, in Quebec.
11 Quebec.
12 Brazil.
13 In Australia and New Zealand.
14 In high hungarian not, only in Palóc-Dialekt outside Budapest.

See also[edit]