καλός

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier καλϝός (kalwós), from Proto-Indo-European *kal-wo-s, form of *kal- (beautiful).

While it has been compared with Sanskrit कल्य (kalya), this does not seem a satisfactory explanation for the term and all of its variations and descendants.

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /kaː.lós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /kaˈlos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /kaˈlos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /kaˈlos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /kaˈlos/
  •  
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /ka.lós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /kaˈlos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /kaˈlos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /kaˈlos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /kaˈlos/
  • Adjective[edit]

    καλός (kalósm (feminine καλή, neuter καλόν); first/second declension

    1. beautiful, lovely
    2. good, quality, useful
    3. good, right, moral, virtuous, noble

    Usage notes[edit]

    This word always has a long (heavy) first syllable in the meter of Homer. This was originally a consequence of the digamma — καλϝός (kalwós) — which resulted in a syllable ending in a consonant: /kal.wos/. But, once the digamma was lost, the heavy syllable was reanalyzed as being the consequence of a long vowel in the first syllable: κᾱλός (kālós).

    • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.96–97
      ὣς εἰποῦσ' ὑπὸ ποσσὶν ἐδήσατο κᾱλὰ [= καλϝά] πέδῑλα,
      ἀμβρόσια χρῡ́σεια,
      hṑs eipoûs' hupò possìn edḗsato kālà [= kalwá] pédīla,
      ambrósia khrū́seia,
      So saying, she tied beautiful immortal golden sandals under her feet,

    Inflection[edit]

    Related terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]


    Greek[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Ancient Greek καλός.

    Pronunciation[edit]

    • IPA(key): /kaˈlɔs/, [kɐˈlo̞s̠]
    • Hyphenation: κα‧λός
    • Homophone: καλώς (kalós)

    Adjective[edit]

    καλός (kalósm (feminine καλή, neuter καλό)

    1. good
    2. nice, likeable

    Declension[edit]

    Antonyms[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    καλός (kalósm (plural καλοί)

    1. the good man
      Οι καλοί θα πάνε στον Παράδεισο.Oi kaloí tha páne ston Parádeiso.The good will go to Heaven.
    2. goodie, goody
    3. sweetheart

    Declension[edit]