καλός

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From earlier καλϝός, from Proto-Indo-European *kal-wo-, form of *kal- ‎(beautiful).

While it has been compared with Sanskrit कल्य ‎(kalya), this does not seem a satisfactory explanation for the term and all of its variations/descendants.

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Adjective[edit]

καλός ‎(kalósm ‎(feminine καλή, neuter καλόν); first/second declension

  1. beautiful, lovely
  2. good, quality, useful
  3. good, right, moral, virtuous, noble

Usage notes[edit]

Always has a long first syllable in Homer, which was originally consequence of the digamma — καλϝός ‎(kalwós) — but likely interpreted as having a long vowel in the Classical era and hence written with a long vowel, as κᾱλός ‎(kālós).

  • 800 BCE – 600 BCE, Homer, Odyssey 1.96–97
    ὣς εἰποῦσ' ὑπὸ ποσσὶν ἐδήσατο κᾱλὰ [or καλϝά] πέδῑλα,
    ἀμβρόσια χρῡ́σεια,
    So saying, she tied beautiful immortal golden sandals under her feet,

Inflection[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek καλός.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kaˈlɔs/, [kɐˈlo̞s̠]
  • Hyphenation: κα‧λός
  • Homophone: καλώς ‎(kalós)

Adjective[edit]

καλός ‎(kalósm, feminine: καλή (kalí), neuter: καλό (kaló)

  1. good
  2. nice, likeable

Declension[edit]

Antonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

καλός ‎(kalósm ‎(plural καλοί)

  1. the good man
    Οι καλοί θα πάνε στον Παράδεισο.‎ ― Oi kaloí tha páne ston Parádeiso. ― The good will go to Heaven.
  2. goodie, goody
  3. sweetheart

Declension[edit]