sill

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Sill

English[edit]

1: Sill
2: Lintel

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle English sille, selle, sülle, from Old English syll, syl (sill, threshold, foundation, base, basis), from Proto-Germanic *sulī (bar, sill), from Proto-Indo-European *sel-, *swel- (beam, board, frame, threshold). Cognate with Scots sil, sill (balk, beam, floor, sill), Dutch zulle (sill), Low German Sull, Sülle (threshold, ramp, sill), Danish syld (base of a framework building), Swedish syll (joist, cross-tie), Norwegian syll, Icelandic syll, sylla (sill). Related also to German Schwelle ( > Danish svelle), Old Norse svill, Latin silva (wood, forest), Ancient Greek ὕλη (húlē).

Noun[edit]

sill (plural sills)

  1. (architecture) (also window sill) breast wall; window breast; horizontal brink which forms the base of a window.
    She looked out the window resting her elbows on the window sill.
  2. (construction) threshold; horizontal structural member of a building near ground level on a foundation or pilings, or lying on the ground, and bearing the upright portion of a frame. Wikipedia:Sill Plate
  3. (geology) ridge; rise; horizontal layer of igneous rock between older rock beds.
  4. Threshold or brink across the bottom of a canal lock for the gates to shut against.
  5. (anatomy) A raised area at the base of the nasal aperture in the skull.
    the nasal sill
  6. (military, historical) The inner edge of the bottom of an embrasure.
Usage notes[edit]

Usually spelled cill when used in the context of canal or river engineering.

Quotations[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout § Translations.

Etymology 2[edit]

Compare sile.

Noun[edit]

sill (plural sills)

  1. (Britain) A young herring.

Etymology 3[edit]

Compare thill.

Noun[edit]

sill (plural sills)

  1. The shaft or thill of a carriage.

Anagrams[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse síld, from Proto-Germanic *sīlą.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)
  • (file)
  • IPA(key): /sɪl/

Noun[edit]

sill c

  1. a herring

Usage notes[edit]

  • Herring from the Atlantic on Sweden's west coast is called sill. The subspecies fished from the Baltic Sea on Sweden's east coast is called strömming.

Declension[edit]

Declension of sill 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative sill sillen sillar sillarna
Genitive sills sillens sillars sillarnas

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • Harris, Cyril M.. Illustrated dictionary of historic architecture. New York: Dover Publications, 1983, 1977. Groundsill →ISBN

Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

See the etymology of the main entry.

Noun[edit]

sill f (plural sillau or silloedd, not mutable)

  1. Alternative form of sillaf (syllable)

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present) , “sill”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies