Hand

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: hand

Central Franconian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Hank (chiefly western Ripuarian)

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German *hand, northern variant of hant. The regular form in Moselle Franconian and some southern dialects of Ripuarian is Hand with a plural Hänn (< *hende) through the development: intervocalic -nd--nn-. The regular form in most of Ripuarian is Hank with a plural Häng (< *henge) through velarization and subsequently a corresponding development: intervocalic -ŋg--ŋŋ-.

These regular systems are preserved in Moselle Franconian and western Ripuarian. In many eastern and central Ripuarian dialects, the native velarization has to a large degree been reverted under the influence of standard German and surrounding varieties. This reversion, which has emanated from Cologne, is irregular, affecting -nk more than it does -ng-, and hence it has led to occasional variation between velarized and de-velarized forms within the inflectional paradigm of one word (compare Wand, Zand, schänge).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Hand f ‎(plural Hänn or Häng, diminutive Händche)

  1. (many dialects) hand

Usage notes[edit]

  • The plural Hänn is used in Moselle Franconian and some southern dialects of Ripuarian. The form Häng is used in many Ripuarian dialects, including Kölsch.

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German hant, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Compare Dutch and English hand, West Frisian hân, Danish hånd, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿𐍃 ‎(handus).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Hand f ‎(genitive Hand, plural Hände, diminutive Händchen n or Händlein n)

  1. hand

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Hand in Duden online

Low German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Saxon hand, from Proto-Germanic *handuz. Compare Dutch and English hand, West Frisian hân, Danish hånd, Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌽𐌳𐌿𐍃 ‎(handus).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Hand m ‎(plural Hänn or Hännen)

  1. hand

Derived terms[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German *hand, northern variant of hant, from Proto-Germanic *handuz.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Hand f ‎(plural Hänn, diminutive Händchen)

  1. hand