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See also: zand


Proper noun[edit]


  1. Alternative form of Zend

Central Franconian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • Zank (Ripuarian; now chiefly western dialects)
  • Zahn (Ripuarian variant from standard German)


From Middle High German zan, zant, from Old High German zan, zand, from Proto-Germanic *tanþs, from Proto-Indo-European *h₃dónts. For the phonetic development compare Hand. The fact that Zand has been used in Kölsch and adjacent dialects is remarkable, because these must have adopted the form from the south rather than from standard German.



Zand m (plural Zänn or Zäng, diminutive Zändche)

  1. (many dialects) tooth

Usage notes[edit]

  • The plural Zänn is used in Moselle Franconian and some southern dialects of Ripuarian. The form Zäng is used in many Ripuarian dialects, including Kölsch.