esca

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See also: ESCA, ésca, and -esca

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ēsca (bait).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esca (plural escae)

  1. (ichthyology) fleshy growth from an anglerfish's head that acts as a lure
  2. (phytopathology) a fungal disease of grape sometimes called black measles of grape

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ēsca.

Noun[edit]

esca f (plural esques)

  1. tinder (dry plants used to light a fire)

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Occitan [Term?], from Latin ēsca.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esca f (plural esques)

  1. tinder (dry plants used to light a fire)
  2. bait (substance used in catching fish)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Circa 1300. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese, from Latin ēsca.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esca f (plural escas)

  1. tinder (dry plants used to light a fire)
    • c1300, R. Martínez López, General Estoria. Versión gallega del siglo XIV. Oviedo: Publicacións de Archivum, page 220:
      y achou cõ aquel arco hum estormento, et seu esqueyro, et sua ysca, et seu pedernal em el
      there he found, together with that bow, a tinderbox, with its lighter, its tinder, and its flint inside it
  2. bait

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ysca” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • ysca” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006-2016.
  • esca” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • esca” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • esca” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ēsca.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈe.ska/
  • Rhymes: -eska
  • Hyphenation: é‧sca

Noun[edit]

esca f (plural esche)

  1. bait, lure
  2. (figuratively) decoy
  3. tinder
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esca

  1. inflection of uscire:
    1. first/second/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Further reading[edit]

  • esca in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

For Proto-Italic *ēsskā, Proto-Indo-European *h₁ēd-s-keh₂, from *h₁ed- (eat), the root of edō (eat). Judging by Lithuanian ėskà (food, fodder), the long vowel is of PIE origin, but despite this often cited as an example of Lachmann's lengthening.[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • isca (Medieval Latin)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ēsca f (genitive ēscae); first declension

  1. (collective) food
    Synonyms: cibus, alimentum, vīctus, cibāria
    1. an individual serving, a dish
      Synonyms: ferculum, epulum
  2. (collective) fodder
    Synonym: pābulum
    1. (collective) bait
  3. (collective) fuel, esp. firewood
    Synonyms: māteria, nūtrīmentum
    1. (collective) kindling, tinder
      Synonyms: fōmentum, nūtrīmentum

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ēsca ēscae
Genitive ēscae ēscārum
Dative ēscae ēscīs
Accusative ēscam ēscās
Ablative ēscā ēscīs
Vocative ēsca ēscae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • esca in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • esca in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • esca in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • esca in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin ēsca[1]. Compare the inherited doublet yesca.

Noun[edit]

esca f (plural escas)

  1. (dated) bait (substance used in catching fish)
    Synonym: cebo

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]