esca

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See also: ESCA, ésca, and -esca

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ēsca (bait).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esca (plural escae)

  1. (ichthyology) fleshy growth from an anglerfish's head that acts as a lure
  2. (phytopathology) a fungal disease of grape sometimes called black measles of grape

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Asturian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ēsca.

Noun[edit]

esca f (plural esques)

  1. tinder (dry plants used to light a fire)

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin ēsca.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esca f (plural esques)

  1. tinder (dry plants used to light a fire)
  2. bait (substance used in catching fish)

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Galician[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Circa 1300. From Old Galician and Old Portuguese, from Latin ēsca.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

esca f (plural escas)

  1. tinder (dry plants used to light a fire)
    • c1300, R. Martínez López, General Estoria. Versión gallega del siglo XIV. Oviedo: Publicacións de Archivum, page 220:
      y achou cõ aquel arco hum estormento, et seu esqueyro, et sua ysca, et seu pedernal em el
      there he found, together with that bow, a tinderbox, with its lighter, its tinder, and its flint inside it
  2. bait

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • ysca” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006–2022.
  • ysca” in Xavier Varela Barreiro & Xavier Gómez Guinovart: Corpus Xelmírez - Corpus lingüístico da Galicia medieval. SLI / Grupo TALG / ILG, 2006–2018.
  • esca” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006–2013.
  • esca” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • esca” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin ēsca.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈe.ska/
  • Rhymes: -eska
  • Hyphenation: é‧sca

Noun[edit]

esca f (plural esche)

  1. (obsolete) (animal) food
  2. (obsolete, uncommon, also figuratively) food
  3. bait, lure (anything used to catch animals)
  4. (figuratively) bait, lure (anything that allures or attracts)
  5. (figuratively) decoy
  6. tinder
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • esca in Treccani.it – Vocabolario Treccani on line, Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana

Etymology 2[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

esca

  1. inflection of uscire:
    1. first/second/third-person singular present subjunctive
    2. third-person singular imperative

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

For Proto-Italic *ēsskā, Proto-Indo-European *h₁ēd-s-keh₂, from *h₁ed- (eat), the root of edō (eat). Judging by Lithuanian ėskà (food, fodder), the long vowel is of PIE origin, but despite this often cited as an example of Lachmann's lengthening.[1]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • isca (Medieval Latin)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

ēsca f (genitive ēscae); first declension

  1. (collective) food
    Synonyms: cibus, alimentum, vīctus, cibāria
    1. an individual serving, a dish
      Synonyms: ferculum, epulum
  2. (collective) fodder
    Synonym: pābulum
    1. (collective) bait
  3. (collective) fuel, esp. firewood
    Synonyms: māteria, nūtrīmentum
    1. (collective) kindling, tinder
      Synonyms: fōmentum, nūtrīmentum

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative ēsca ēscae
Genitive ēscae ēscārum
Dative ēscae ēscīs
Accusative ēscam ēscās
Ablative ēscā ēscīs
Vocative ēsca ēscae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • esca”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • esca”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • esca in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • esca in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin ēsca[1]. Compare the inherited doublet yesca.

Noun[edit]

esca f (plural escas)

  1. (dated) bait (substance used in catching fish)
    Synonym: cebo

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]