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Etymology 1[edit]

From vīvō (live, survive).


vīctus m (genitive vīctūs); fourth declension

  1. living, way of life
  2. nourishment, provision, diet, that which sustains life

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative vīctus vīctūs
Genitive vīctūs vīctuum
Dative vīctuī vīctibus
Accusative vīctum vīctūs
Ablative vīctū vīctibus
Vocative vīctus vīctūs
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Perfect passive participle of vincō (conquer).


victus m (feminine victa, neuter victum); first/second declension

  1. conquered, subdued, having been conquered.

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative victus victa victum victī victae victa
Genitive victī victae victī victōrum victārum victōrum
Dative victō victō victīs
Accusative victum victam victum victōs victās victa
Ablative victō victā victō victīs
Vocative victe victa victum victī victae victa


  • victus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • victus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • victus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • victus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to have attained to a high degree of culture: omni vita atque victu excultum atque expolitum esse (Brut. 25. 95)
    • daily bread: victus cotidianus
    • meagre diet: victus tenuis (Fin. 2. 28. 90)
    • (ambiguous) the necessaries of life: quae ad victum pertinent
    • (ambiguous) things indispensable to a life of comfort: res ad victum cultumque necessariae
    • (ambiguous) a livelihood: quae suppeditant ad victum (Off. 1. 4. 12)
    • (ambiguous) to earn a livelihood by something: victum aliqua re quaerere
    • (ambiguous) to be defeated in fight, lose the battle: proelio vinci, superari, inferiorem, victum discedere
  • victus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers