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Uncertain origin, proposed connection to Ancient Greek κιβωτός (kibōtós).



cibus m (genitive cibī); second declension

  1. food, fodder
  2. nourishment, sustenance


Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cibus cibī
Genitive cibī cibōrum
Dative cibō cibīs
Accusative cibum cibōs
Ablative cibō cibīs
Vocative cibe cibī

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • Italian: cibo
  • Portuguese: cevo, cibo
  • Romanian: cib
  • Sicilian: civu
  • Spanish: cebo, cibo


  • cibus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cibus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cibus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • cibus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to take food: cibum sumere, capere
    • to digest food: cibum concoquere, conficere
    • to be a great eater: multi cibi esse, edacem esse
    • to set food before a person: cibum apponere, ponere alicui
    • to take only enough food to support life: tantum cibi et potionis adhibere quantum satis est
    • delicacies: cibus delicatus
    • (ambiguous) to allay one's hunger, thirst: famem sitimque depellere cibo et potione
    • (ambiguous) to refresh oneself, minister to one's bodily wants: corpus curare (cibo, vino, somno)
    • (ambiguous) to abstain from all nourishment: cibo se abstinere
  • Thurneysen 1907 (cf. WH).