cibus

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Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Uncertain origin, proposed connection to Ancient Greek κιβωτός (kibōtós).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cibus m (genitive cibī); second declension

  1. food, fodder
  2. nourishment, sustenance

Inflection[edit]

Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cibus cibī
genitive cibī cibōrum
dative cibō cibīs
accusative cibum cibōs
ablative cibō cibīs
vocative cibe cibī

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • cibus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cibus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • du Cange, Charles (1883), “cibus”, in G. A. Louis Henschel, Pierre Carpentier, Léopold Favre, editors, Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (in Latin), Niort: L. Favre
  • cibus” in Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to take food: cibum sumere, capere
    • to digest food: cibum concoquere, conficere
    • to be a great eater: multi cibi esse, edacem esse
    • to set food before a person: cibum apponere, ponere alicui
    • to take only enough food to support life: tantum cibi et potionis adhibere quantum satis est
    • delicacies: cibus delicatus
    • (ambiguous) to allay one's hunger, thirst: famem sitimque depellere cibo et potione
    • (ambiguous) to refresh oneself, minister to one's bodily wants: corpus curare (cibo, vino, somno)
    • (ambiguous) to abstain from all nourishment: cibo se abstinere
  • Thurneysen 1907 (cf. WH).