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Uncertain origin, proposed connection to Ancient Greek κιβωτός (kibōtós).



cibus m (genitive cibī); second declension

  1. food, fodder
  2. nourishment, sustenance


Second declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative cibus cibī
genitive cibī cibōrum
dative cibō cibīs
accusative cibum cibōs
ablative cibō cibīs
vocative cibe cibī

Derived terms[edit]



  • cibus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cibus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cibus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • cibus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to take food: cibum sumere, capere
    • to digest food: cibum concoquere, conficere
    • to be a great eater: multi cibi esse, edacem esse
    • to set food before a person: cibum apponere, ponere alicui
    • to take only enough food to support life: tantum cibi et potionis adhibere quantum satis est
    • delicacies: cibus delicatus
    • (ambiguous) to allay one's hunger, thirst: famem sitimque depellere cibo et potione
    • (ambiguous) to refresh oneself, minister to one's bodily wants: corpus curare (cibo, vino, somno)
    • (ambiguous) to abstain from all nourishment: cibo se abstinere
  • Thurneysen 1907 (cf. WH).