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From Old French brigandine, from brigand + -ine.



brigandine ‎(plural brigandines)

  1. (historical) A coat of armor for the body, consisting of scales or plates, sometimes overlapping each other, generally of metal, and sewn to linen or other material.
    • 1611, Bible (KJV), Jeremiah 46:4:
      Harness the horses; and get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, and put on the brigandines.
    • 1786, Francis Grose, A Treatise on Ancient Armour and Weapons, page 19:
      The brigandine takes its name from the troops, by which it was first worn, who were called brigans, they were a kind of light armed irregular foot, much addicted to plunder, whence it is probable the appellation of brigands was given to other freebooters.
    • 2000, George RR Martin, A Storm of Swords, Bantam 2011, p. 176:
      Red-haired and freckled, he wore a studded brigantine, high boots, fingerless leather gloves, and a quiver on his back.