Template:en-verb

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en-verb (third-person singular simple present en-verbs, present participle en-verbing, simple past and past participle en-verbed)


Use this template to show the inflection line of an English verb.

This template shows the verb in bold (optionally linking its components) and its key inflections.

{{en-verb}}
{{en-verb|...|es}}
{{en-verb|...|d}}
{{en-verb|...|ing}}
{{en-verb|...s|...ing|...d }}
{{en-verb|...s|...ing|...d|...d}}
{{en-verb|...s|...ing|...d|past2=...t}}

This template contains the necessary meta-data to allow users who are using accelerated editing to create any grammatical forms semi-automatically.

Parameters

Many verbs form the third-person singular by adding -s, the past by adding -ed, and the present participle by adding -ing. For such verbs, no parameters are necessary:

===Verb===
{{en-verb}}

To specify -es for the present third-person singular form:

{{en-verb|buzz|es}}
{{en-verb|hiss|es}}
{{en-verb|perplex|es}}
{{en-verb|scratch|es}}
{{en-verb|slosh|es}}

Verbs ending in -ee, -ie, or -ye add only -d for the past tense:

{{en-verb|dye|d}}
{{en-verb|free|d}}
{{en-verb|hoe|d}}

For verbs that add, drop, or replace final letters in the stem, specify the stem change:

{{en-verb|admir|ing}} (dropped the -e)
{{en-verb|bus|s|es}} (added an s)
{{en-verb|cr|i|ed}} (changed the -y to -i)
{{en-verb|t|y|ing}} (changed the -ie to -y)
{{en-verb|trek|k|ed}} (added a k)

Irregular verbs

For irregular (strong) verbs, specify the key forms (third-person present singular, the present participle, the simple past tense, and optionally the past participle):

{{en-verb|sets|setting|set}}
{{en-verb|does|doing|did|done}}

Some irregular verbs are defective or have multiple forms for some inflections. Show missing or additional forms or notes for any inflection:

{{en-verb|head=-|can|-|could|-}}
{{en-verb|works|working|worked|past2=wrought|past2_qual=obsolete}}
{{en-verb|ills|illing|pres_ptc2=illin'|illed}}

Other example, for blend:

{{en-verb|blends|blending|blended|past2=blent|past2_qual=poetic}}

There is a maximum of 5 variations for each of the following: third-person present singular, present participle, simple past tense, and past participle.

The parameters are as follows; there are no parameters for second person verb variations (as seen in archaic forms of have, do, and be):

  • For third-person present singular
    • 1 (pres_3sg)
    • pres_3sg_qual
    • pres_3sg2
    • pres_3sg2_qual
    • pres_3sg3
    • pres_3sg3_qual
    • pres_3sg4
    • pres_3sg4_qual
    • pres_3sg5
    • pres_3sg5_qual
  • For present participle
    • 2 (pres_ptc)
    • pres_ptc_qual
    • pres_ptc2
    • pres_ptc2_qual
    • pres_ptc3
    • pres_ptc3_qual
    • pres_ptc4
    • pres_ptc4_qual
    • pres_ptc5
    • pres_ptc5_qual
  • For simple past tense
    • 3 (past)
    • past_qual
    • past2
    • past2_qual
    • past3
    • past3_qual
    • past4
    • past4_qual
    • past5
    • past5_qual
  • For past participle
    • 4 (past_ptc)
    • past_ptc_qual
    • past_ptc2
    • past_ptc2_qual
    • past_ptc3
    • past_ptc3_qual
    • past_ptc4
    • past_ptc4_qual
    • past_ptc5
    • past_ptc5_qual

Temporary legacy support

Some verbs were written with a different order for the present participle and past past tense arguments. This template temporarily supports such order only if the first argument is the page name:

{{en-verb|introduce|introduces|introduced|introducing}}

Tests

{{en-verb|fuels|fueling|pres_ptc2=fuelling|fueled|past2=fuelled}}

produces

fuel (third-person singular simple present fuels, present participle fueling or fuelling, simple past and past participle fueled or fuelled)

See also