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I don't believe in some of the practices followed as they have changed.
This is not a dictionary I would rely on without checking other authorities or data.
A mathematics professor is giving a lecture and has made an assertion as part of his presentation. A student, not understanding the basis for the assertion, asks why it is true. The professor responds that "It is obvious." Then the professor steps back, stares at the board and ponders for several minutes. Then he turns and walks out of the lecture hall. He is absent for a fairly long time and finally one of the students goes to look for him. He sees the professor in his office working on the blackboard which he has covered with mathematics. The student returns and reports to the class. Finally, just before the class is scheduled to end the professor reappears, and announces "Yes, it is obvious."
- Parents not native speakers (German [Lower Franconia] and Letzebergisch). My father's accent was about as thick as and similar to Henry Kissinger's (Middle Franconia)
- Born and schooled (through grade 8) in Brooklyn, NY, 9-12 in Manhattan, 12-14 in Indiana, 4 years in Boston area, balance of time in Manhattan and Westchester.
- No cot-caught merger.
- No pin-pen merger.
- No r-dropping.
- bad does not rhyme with had.
- father rhymes with bother.
- I don't do the prototypical New York pronunciations except in jest:
The Nielsen-Norman Group posits 8 stages of usability development, of which the first four seem somewhat relevant to en.wikt.
- Hostility toward usability: We don't need no stinkin' users
- Developer-centered usability: Hey, I'm a user! (WE ARE HERE, mostly!)
- Skunkworks usability: I'm too smart to be a typical user.
- Dedicated usability budget: (which might mean a respected cadre of admins and users with such a focus).
- The above are summarized at .
Our motto, annotated
The ordinary-word meaning of this slogan is somewhat misleading. The following notes explain the qualifications:
- 1Not every word is included at all, let alone in a meaningful way. Obviously we haven't gotten around to all of them. Attestation requirements exclude many. Due to the narrowness of our contributor base many languages are unrepresented and many specialized contexts are unrepresented, even in English.
- 2"Word" can include letters, numbers, symbols, abbreviations, proverbs, idiomatic expressions, some non-idiomatic expressions, clitics, affixes.
- 3Some "words2" could fall between languages. A multi-word expression borrowed from a foreign language could be non-idiomatic in its original language and thereby not includable in that language. It may also only be found in italics or quotation marks in running text in other languages, indicating that authors and editors don't think it has entered the lexicon in that language.
- 4See Vote on Serbo-Croatian.
- 5Translingual is not a language. Many non-words are better characterized as things. Things that are not words are not part of languages.
- On excuses
- 17 And he sent his servant at supper time to say to them that were bidden. Come, for all things are now ready.
- 18 And they all with one consent began to make excuse. The first said unto him, I have bought a piece of ground, and I must needs go and see it: I pray thee have me excused.
- 19 And another said, I have bought five yoke of oxen, and I go to prove them: I pray thee have me excused.
- 20 And another said, I have married a wife, and therefore I cannot come.
- 21 So that servant came, and shewed his lord these things. Then the master of the house being angry said to his servant, Go out quickly into the streets and lanes of the city, and bring in hither the poor, and the maimed, and the halt, and the blind.
- 22 And the servant said, Lord, it is done as thou hast commanded, and yet there is room.
- 23 And the Lord said unto the servant, Go out into the highways and hedges, and compel them to come in, that my house may be filled.
Luke XIV 17-23
- 1600, John Marston, Antonio's Revenge:
- fie, 'tis not in fashion to call things by their right names. Is a great merchant a cuckold, you must say he is one of the livery. Is a great lord a fool, you must say he is weak. Is a gallant pocky, you must say he has the court scab.
- 1611, King James Bible, 2 Corinthians 11: 19:
- For ye suffer fools gladly, seeing ye yourselves are wise.
- 1650 August 3, Oliver Cromwell, to the General Assembly of the Kirk of Scotland:
- I beseech you, in the bowels of Christ, think it possible you may be mistaken.
- 1790, John Adams, “Discourse Three”, in Discourses on Davila:
- The poor man’s conscience is clear; yet he is ashamed. His character is irreproachable; yet he is neglected and despised. He feels himself out of the sight of others, groping in the dark. Mankind take no notice of him. He rambles and wanders unheeded. In the midst of a crowd, at church, in the market, at a play, at an execution, or coronation, he is in as much obscurity as he would be in a garret or a cellar. He is not disapproved, censured, or reproached; he is only not seen. This total inattention is to him mortifying, painful, and cruel. He suffers a misery from this consideration, which is sharpened by the consciousness that others have no fellow-feeling with him in this distress. If you follow these persons, however, into their scenes of life, you will find that there is a kind of figure which the meanest of them all endeavors to make; a kind of little grandeur and respect, which the most insignificant study and labor to procure in the small circle of their acquaintances. Not only the poorest mechanic, but the man who lives upon common charity, nay, the common beggars in the streets; and not only those who may be all innocent, but even those who have abandoned themselves to common infamy, as pirates, highwaymen, and common thieves, court a set of admirers, and plume themselves upon that superiority which they have, or fancy they have, over some others. There must be one, indeed, who is the last and lowest of the human species. But there is no risk in asserting, that there is no one who believes and will acknowledge himself to be the man. To be wholly overlooked, and to know it, are intolerable. Instances of this are not uncommon. When a wretch could no longer attract the notice of a man, woman, or child, he must be respectable in the eyes of his dog. “Who will love me then?” was the pathetic reply of one, who starved himself to feed his mastiff, to a charitable passenger, who advised him to kill or sell the animal. In this “who will love me then?” there is a key to the human heart; to the history of human life and manners; and to the rise and fall of empires. To feel ourselves unheeded, chills the most pleasing hope, damps the most fond desire, checks the most agreeable wish, disappoints the most ardent expectations of human nature.
- 1842, Alfred, Lord Tennyson, “Sir Galahad”, in Poems:
- My strength is as the strength of ten, / Because my heart is pure.
- 1847, Emily Bronte, Wuthering Heights, Chapter 7
- A person who has not done one half his day's work by ten o clock, runs a chance of leaving the other half undone.
- 1859, Charles Darwin, On the Origin of the Species, page 492:
- There is grandeur in this view of life, with its several powers, having been originally breathed into a few forms or into one; and that, whilst this planet has gone cycling on according to the fixed law of gravity, from so simple a beginning endless forms most beautiful and most wonderful have been, and are being, evolved.
- 1876, Charles Darwin, The Life and Letters of Charles Darwin: Including an Autobiographical Chapter, page 282:
- But then arises the doubt, can the mind of man, which has, as I fully believe, been developed from a mind as low as that possessed by the lowest animals, be trusted when it draws such grand conclusions ?
- a 1922, Finley Peter Dunne, quoted in H. L. Mencken The American Language
- When we Americans are through with the English language, it will look as if it had been run over by a musical comedy.
- 1930, D. H. Robertson, 'Economic Commentaries':
- It is his [the economist's] function to emit a warning bark if he sees courses of action being advocated or pursued which will increase unnecessarily the inevitable tension between self-interest and public duty; and to wag his tail in approval of courses of action which will tend to keep the tension low and tolerable.
- 1957, Noam Chomsky
- colourless green ideas sleep furiously
- 1958, w:Nelson Algren, A Walk on the Wild Side (novel), page 312:
- But blow wise to this, buddy, blow wise to this: Never play cards with a man called Doc. Never eat at a place called Mom's. Never sleep with a woman whose troubles are worse than your own. Never let nobody talk you into shaking another man's jolt. And never you cop another man's plea. I've tried 'em all and I know. They don't work.
- 1968, Taj Mahal (music), “Good Morning Miss Brown”, in The Natch'l Blues:
- Good morning Miss Brown / Mamma how do you do? / I said good morning Miss Brown / Mamma how do you do? / She say I'm feelin' fine and lookin' good / Maaan what about you? / I say I got the misery and the back ache baby / And my feets hurtin' me when I walk / You know I got the misery and the back ache baby / And my feets hurtin' me when I walk / And you know too much conversation hurt my tongue to talk
- 1995, Herbert C. Morton, The Story of Webster's Third, page 80:
- Native speakers of English take the great variety of senses in stride. No conscious sorting and selecting are required. The context of an utterance (or writing) makes clear the sense that fits the occasion. They are not aware of having to decide when magazine means reading matter and when it means storehouse. CS Lewis refers to this as "the insulating power of context"; that is, "the sense of a word is governed by the context and this sense normally excludes all others from the mind."
- 2001, Bruce Sterling, Digital Decay:Originally delivered as the keynote address for Preserving the Immaterial: A Conference on Variable Media at the Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum on March 30, 2001
- Bits have no archival medium. We haven't invented one yet. If you print something on acid-free paper with stable ink, and you put it in a dry dark closet, you can read it in two hundred years. We have no way to archive bits that we know will be readable in even fifty years. Tape demagnetizes. CDs delaminate. Networks go down.
- 2008, June 26, Geoffrey K. Pullum, Language Log
- The problem I am pointing to, however, is not about web programming or sorting technicalities. It is a simple problem that afflicts us all: people with any kind of technical knowledge of a domain tend to get hopelessly (and unwittingly) stuck in a frame of reference that relates to their view of the issue, and their trade's technical parlance, not that of the ordinary humans with whom they so signally fail to engage. I have written about this before — in Per bus per journey, for example, and probably on several other occasions. The phenomenon — we could call it nerdview — is widespread.
- 2009, Fiona Talbot, How to Write Effective Business English, page 25:
- Let's say you are a non-NE writer, you are online and you type a word in your own language for 'outcome'. I tried this in German once and the online dictionary offered, amongst other words: corollary and consecution. Corollary is a word that people may know but would use only in a specific context. Consecution, though? That is definitely online dictionary-speak.
- 2012, Robert Trivers, The Folly of Fools, page 314:
- Faced with the choice between changing one's mind and proving that there is no need to do so, almost everyone gets busy on the the proof.
Based on his own direct subjective and other experience, DCDuring is a fallibilist.
Things I favor in making Wiktionary choices
- Economizing on user time
- Making the first screen that a user sees have as much as possible of what is needed while encouraging the user to look for more
- Not misleading users or WP editors (an important retail channel of distribution for Wiktionary)
Level 1 is an exaggeration of my language capabilities in any of the four languages shown in the box on the right.
Topics of interest
- How to give WT users access to generic names given trademarked names. (easy: redirects or
- Improving the requested entries list by having some kind of structure for new entries designed to elicit more info from requester. (Maybe, but not soon and probably not with help or push from me.)
- Improving the handling of those trying to make a contribution to WT for the first time. (More patrolling, commitment to hand holding. Yuck.)
- Measures of Wiktionary success (search engine hits, click-throughs, etc.). (Not enough of those with skills care, esp in light of community indifference)
- Wiktionary user data (demographics, interaction) (deemed against the rules. see immediately above)
- Accommodating dialectical entries. (Not a big problem)
- Accommodating new terms rapidly. (We try)
- Making entry pages more loaded with what users want, not what they don't (Evidence ignored)
- Linguistic theories:
- w:Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar (HPSG),
- w:Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG), and
- w:Tree-Adjoining Grammar (TAG).
- w:Discourse-Functional Grammar
- w:Cognitive Grammar, and
- w:Construction Grammar.
- eye on the ball, open
- shoulder to the wheel
- head on one's shoulders, level
- ear to the ground
- nose to the grindstone, clean
- mouth shut
- chin up
- pecker in your pants
- feet on the ground
- wind at one's back
- finger to the wind
If we were a different wiki (possibly with radical differences in the interface for users and contributors), we could be the best phrasebook ever. We could be tuned principally for mobile devices with pronunciations recorded for all entries, with different stress patterns and usage advice for those patterns where warranted. We could take requests, including in the forms of recorded sounds and images.
But we are what we are: a participatory but otherwise largely conventional dictionary of pan-lingual ambition and multilingual accomplishment, that competes ably with commercial sites, exploiting timeliness, flexibility, and completeness, against selectivity and uniformity of quality.
- Autocategorization of diachronic etymological and synchronic morphological derivation. BOTH.
- Construction grammar (snowclones)
- Ostensive definitions
- rhetorical and grammatical examples
- other classes for use of examples boxes
- New Latin
- Modernizing definitions
- Quality improvement of English entries
- Remove overly technical terms from labels, eg, ergative
- Appendix:English nouns with restricted non-referential interpretation in bare noun phrases
- Variety glossary}}
- actioner an action movie
- cabler - cable system or network operator
- cleffer - songwriter
- icer an ice show
- laffer a comedy
- meller a melodrama
- oater a Western film
- ozoner drive-in movie theater
- User:DCDuring/Categories to watch
- Appendix:English adverbs / Category:English adverbs / degree
- Category:English sentence adverbs: modal / evaluative / domain / speech-act
- Category:English temporal location adverbs / Category:English frequency adverbs / Category:English duration adverbs
- Category:English intensifiers
- Category:English verbs, Category:English predicates
- Category:English idioms, Category:English set phrases
User:HippieBot/English conjunctions with mismatch between heading and category
- User:HippieBot/English interjections with mismatch between heading and category
User:HippieBot/English idioms with mismatch between heading and category
- User:HippieBot/English phrases with mismatch between heading and category
User:HippieBot/English proverbs with mismatch between heading and category User:HippieBot/English abbreviations, acronyms, and initialisms with translations
- Appendix:Collocations of in
- discretization words Wiktionary:Beer_parlour#Piece of paper et al.
- Discretization User_talk:DCDuring/Discretization
- Classifying parts of speech
- Distinguishing parts of speech
- Pengo species words
- spot (adj)
- To merge histories, delete the existing main-namespace page, move the transwiki page to mainspace, and undelete. Then edit/undo/rollback the page as needed to update it to the best version. This is fast and easy once you get the hang of it, but I don't know (to answer your question) whether it's documented.—msh210℠ 18:19, 30 December 2008 (UTC)
- And Dmcdevit has just commented elsewhere that the first step, deleting the existing page, need not be done separately, but can instead be done as part of the move by checking the "delete the target page" box. Even better.—msh210℠ 19:28, 30 December 2008 (UTC)
cat cleanup Where can i find out more about using "HotCat" as you did recently. ?
- Due to long link. Ungoliant
- Confirmed. I've now wrapped the relevant comment in <div style="overflow:scroll">, so it has its own scrollbars and won't cause the whole page to need them. (This may not be the most elegant solution, but it's the first one that came to mind.) —Ruakh
- names & derivations
- somewhat more comprehensive, but overlapping list of same
- Category:Entries with redundant template: taxlink
- Category:Entries using missing taxonomic names
- Category:Taxonomic names needing vernacular names
- User:Pengo/epithets on the page
- User:Pengo/missing epithets
- Category:Species entry using missing Translingual specific epithet
- Category:Species entry using missing Latin specific epithet
- w:Biodiversity_of_Westchester_County,_New_York - endangered, etc.
- User:DCDuring/Taxonomic name section attributes
- Wiktionary:Taxonomic names
- User:DCDuring/Sequenced species genomes
- LSJBot for species articles
- Category:mul:Taxonomic names
- w:Virus classification
- Category:Taxonomic name templates
- Recent dumps
- Appendix:English terms of Native North American origin
- User:Pengo/common epithets/missing/first
- Adamussium colbecki; Glyptonotus antarcticus; Colossendeis megalonyx; Macroptychaster sp. (sea star), Parborlasia corrugatus ("an Antarctic sea worm") and Flabelligera sp. (worms), Homaxinella balfourensis (sponge); Parvancorina, Tribrachidium
- Nemophila maculata - nemophila maculata#English - nemophila maculata#Latin - Special:WhatLinksHere/Nemophila maculata - Nemophila maculata@WSp - Nemophila maculata@WP - ( • • ) - Fossilworks (five spot)
- Centaurea cyanus (garden coneflower)
- Cynoglossum amabile - cynoglossum amabile#English - cynoglossum amabile#Latin - Special:WhatLinksHere/Cynoglossum amabile - Cynoglossum amabile@WSp - Cynoglossum amabile@WP - ( • • ) - Fossilworks (Chinese forget-me-not)
- Gazania splendens - gazania splendens#English - gazania splendens#Latin - Special:WhatLinksHere/Gazania splendens - Gazania splendens@WSp - Gazania splendens@WP - ( • • ) - Fossilworks (gazania)
- Iberis umbellata - iberis umbellata#English - iberis umbellata#Latin - Special:WhatLinksHere/Iberis umbellata - Iberis umbellata@WSp - Iberis umbellata@WP - ( • • ) - Fossilworks (candytuft)
- Malcomia maritima - malcomia maritima#English - malcomia maritima#Latin - Special:WhatLinksHere/Malcomia maritima - Malcomia maritima@WSp - Malcomia maritima@WP - ( • • ) - Fossilworks (Virginia stock)
- Phlox drummondii - phlox drummondii#English - phlox drummondii#Latin - Special:WhatLinksHere/Phlox drummondii - Phlox drummondii@WSp - Phlox drummondii@WP - ( • • ) - Fossilworks (annual phlox)
- Linaria maroccana - linaria maroccana#English - linaria maroccana#Latin - Special:WhatLinksHere/Linaria maroccana - Linaria maroccana@WSp - Linaria maroccana@WP - ( • • ) - Fossilworks (dwarf spurred snapdragon)
- Coreopsis tinctoria - coreopsis tinctoria#English - coreopsis tinctoria#Latin - Special:WhatLinksHere/Coreopsis tinctoria - Coreopsis tinctoria@WSp - Coreopsis tinctoria@WP - ( • • ) - Fossilworks (dwarf plains coreopsis)
- [[#Translingual|]] - #English - #Latin - Special:WhatLinksHere/ - @WSp - @WP - ( • • ) - Fossilworks[[Category:Entries using missing taxonomic name (species)|]] ([[w:|]][[Category:Entries missing English vernacular names of taxa|]])
- Category:Requests for date
- Category:Requests for quotation
- Wiktionary:Abbreviated Authorities in Webster
- Engl. phrasal verbs
- [[:Category:English_terms_needing_attention|English terms needing attention]]
- Category:English initialisms
- Entries with level/structure problems
- Kassadbot Contributions
- Bolded spaces in 1-word entries
- "action of the verb"
- Uncategorized pages
- Entries with non-standard headers
- English acronyms
- often: /OF-tuhn/. Similar words with a silent -t- are "chasten," "fasten," "hasten," "listen," "soften," and "whistle" per Garner. ???
- box nail - a wire nail with a head; box nails have a smaller shank than common nails of the same size
- bright nail - no surface coating; not recommended for weather exposure or acidic or treated lumber
- casing nail - a wire nail with a slightly larger head than finish nails; often used for flooring
- CC coated nail - "cement coated"; nail coated with adhesive (cement) for greater holding power; also resin- or vinyl-coated; coating melts from friction when driven to help lubricate then hardens when cool; color varies by manufacturer (tan, pink, are common)
- common nail - a common construction wire nail with a head: common nails have larger shanks than box nails of the same size
- duplex nail - a common nail with a second head, allowing for easy extraction
- finish nail - a wire nail that does not have a "head"; can be easily concealed
- galvanized nail - treated for resistance to corrosion and/or weather exposure
- helix nail - the nail has a square shank that has been twisted this makes the nail very difficult to pull out; often used in decking
- ring shank nail - small rings on the shank to prevent the nail from being worked back out often used in flooring
- sinker nail - Same thin diameter as a box nail, cement coated (see above), the funnel shaped head is easier to nail flat and the head has a grid on the strike surface to keep the hammer strike from slipping; these are the most common nails used in framing today
- spike - a large nail (usually over 4" - 100 mm)
- Length - distance from the head to the point of a nail
- Phosphate-coated - a dark grey to black finish providing a surface that binds well with paint and joint compound and minimal corrosion resistance
- Point - sharpened end opposite the "head" for greater ease in driving
- Electrogalvanized - provides a smooth finish with some corrosion resistance
- Mechanically galvanized - deposits more zinc than electrogalvanizing for increased corrosion resistance
- Hot-dip galvanized - provides a rough finish that deposits more zinc than other methods, resulting in very high corrosion resistance that is suitable for some acidic and treated lumber; often easier to bend than other types of nails
- business: zombie S&L, zombie institution, zombie company, zombie business, zombie organization
- philosophy: zombie hypothesis, zombie world, zombie thought experiment
- social science: zombie effect
- computing: zombie network, zombie process, zombie client, zombie system, zombie program, zombie computer, zombie state, zombie version, zombie host, zombie path, zombie user, zombie software
- dance: zombie dance
- cinema: zombie film, zombie genre
- How do if find a diff I know only by number and wiki?
I know a specific edit number for a WP edit that allegedly triggered a ban of a veteran user. I'd like to see it and the context and judge for myself. I don't know what page was being edited, nor the date. If you don't know how to do this, do you have any idea where I can look? DCDuring (talk) 12:03, 12 June 2019 (UTC)
@DCDuring: If I understand correctly, you can look up the diff by entering https://[wiki domain=]en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?diff=[edit#=]895438118. You don't need the page name because all edit numbers on a wiki are unique. If you then want to look at the history for more context, you can note the date, click the History tab, and enter the date to view edits around that time. — Eru·tuon 18:16, 12 June 2019 (UTC)
Thanks. It worked perfectly. I am right now finding the confrontation that probably led to the ban. DCDuring (talk) 19:14, 12 June 2019 (UTC)
- Wiktionary:Abbreviated Authorities in Webster
- How OED handles rejects
- w:Percent encoding
- Meta Template Help
- mw:Manual:Job queue
- Wiktionary:Criteria for Inclusion
- Pawley test
- Citation of features of proper noun
- units of measurement
- example of how to find which MediaWiki pages are invoked to construct a page
- User:Visviva/GSL coverage
- DuBay, W. H. 2004. The Principles of Readability. A brief introduction to readability research]
- 10 usability heuristics from NNG
- WT:TR#tomato juice; Talk:ground beef; and Wiktionary:Beer_parlour_archive/2009/June#Legal_definitions..
- w:Thematic relations
- w:Case grammar
- browser stats
- Special:Statistics -- # content pages, users, registered users, active users, and more
- The transclusion queue
- Alexa about Wiktionary -- traffic rank of Wiktionary
- Statistics for EN -- recently active users, and more
- Falsikon -- most popular Wikimedia projects, for all languages
- Falsikon -- most popular pages at English Wiktionary
- the queue
- CGEL (2003) !!!
- Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English (1999), Douglas Biber and Stig Johansson
- A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language, Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, and Svartvik (1985)
- A Grammar of the English Language, George O. Curme (1935)
- Webster's International Dictionary Second edition
- Webster's Third New International Dictionary and Seven-Language Dictionary
- Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (New Edition) (1987)
- Collins COBUILD English Dictionary (New Edition) (1995)
- The American Language, H. L. Mencken
- Dictionary of American Regional English Volumes 1-3 (A-O)
- APA Dictionary of Psychology (2006)
- Penguin Dictionary of Psychology
- What's What: A Visual Glossary of the Physical World (1982)
- A Topical Dictionary of Statistics
- The Way Things Work
- A Dictionary of Philosophy, Flew
- Modern American Usage (2009) !!!
- McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Idioms and Phrasal Verbs
- less notable
- The Chicago Manual of Style (14th ed)
- Black's Law Dictionary (3rd ed)
- Fowler (2nd ed)
- Modern American Usage
- Some dictionaries of business and economics
- Lexical Analysis: Norms and Exploitations, Patrick Hanks (2013) !!!
- Semantics, James Lyons (1977)
- Lexical Semantics
- Cognitive Linguistics