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ha- (up out) + -y- (3rd person object prefix) + -Ø- (3rd person subject prefix) + -ł- (classifier, causative)-máás (imperfective stem of root -MÁÁZ, “to roll”).

The stem -máás (globular, spherical, ball-like shape) is cognate with -bą́ą́z (hooplike, ringlike shape), and they have the same origin, which possibly is Proto-Athabaskan *wątsʼ (roll)



  1. he/she is rolling it up out


Paradigm: Momentaneous (Ø/yi), with da-shift.

IMPERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person haasmáás haiilmáás hadeiilmáás
2nd person haniłmáás haałmáás hadaałmáás
3rd person haiłmáás hadeiłmáás
4th person hajiłmáás hadajiłmáás
PERFECTIVE singular duoplural plural
1st person hááłmááz haiilmááz hadasiilmááz
2nd person háíníłmááz haoołmááz hadasoołmááz
3rd person hayííłmááz hadeismááz
4th person hajííłmááz hadajismááz
FUTURE singular duoplural plural
1st person hadeesmas hadiilmas hadadiilmas
2nd person hadííłmas hadoołmas hadadoołmas
3rd person haidoołmas hadeidoołmas
4th person hazhdoołmas hadazhdoołmas

Verbal stems[edit]

  • ITERATIVE: -mas
  • OPTATIVE: -máás

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]