麒麟

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Chinese[edit]

male unicorn female unicorn
simp. and trad.
(麒麟)
alt. forms 騏驎 obsolete
麒麐 obsolete
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia zh

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (麒麟, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (30)
Final: (19)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: qí
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɡɨ/ /ɡɨ/ /ɡie/ /gɨ/ /ɡiə/ /ɡĭə/ /gi/
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (37)
Final: (43)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: III
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: lín
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/liɪn/ /lin/ /ljen/ /lin/ /liĕn/ /lĭĕn/ /li̯ĕn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (麒麟, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9956 0 /*ɡɯ/
8201 1 /*rin/

Noun[edit]

麒麟

  1. (Chinese mythology) qilin   (Classifier: )

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (麒麟):

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
麒麟 (kirin): the statue of a qilin, also known as the Chinese unicorn.
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
麒麟 (kirin): a giraffe.
Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
りん
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 麒麟 ‎(*ghiə lin)

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

麒麟 ‎(hiragana きりん, katakana キリン, romaji kirin)

  1. (Chinese mythology) a qilin
    • 2010 May 23, Gosho Aoyama, “せいりゅう [Azure Dragon]”, in 名探偵コナン [Legendary Detective Conan], volume 68 (in Japanese), Tokyo: Shogakukan, ISBN 978-4-09-122290-9:
      それはどうぶつのキリン!もんだいりんは…ぜんしんいろうろこおおわれていて、姿すがた鹿しかうしうまひづめち、りゅうあたまから1ぽんつのえてる…ちゅうごくでんせつじょうしんじゅうだよ!
      Sore wa dōbutsu no kirin! Mondai no kirin wa… Zenshin ga kiiroi uroko de ōwareteite, sugata wa shika, ushi no o to uma no hizume o mochi, ryū ni nita atama kara ippon tsuno ga haeteru… Chūgoku no densetsu jō no shinjū da yo!
      That's giraffekirin the animal! The qilinkirin we're talking about… has a deer-like body covered in golden scales, with a cow's tail and a horse's hooves, and with a single horn growing from its dragon-ish head… It's a mythical beast from Chinese legends!
  2. (shogi) the kirin, a piece in chūshōgi and larger shogi variants
  3. a giraffe (mammal)

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as キリン.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

麒麟 ‎(hiragana きりん, katakana キリン, romaji Kirin)

  1. a brand of beer

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

麒麟 ‎(girin, McCune-Reischauer: kirin, Yale: kilin) ‎(hangeul 기린)

  1. Hanja form? of 기린, “giraffe; qilin”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Han character[edit]

麒麟 (kì lân)

  1. Hán tự form of kì lân, "qilin"