unicorn

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English[edit]

Unicorn with a maiden.
A unicorn on the arms of Saint-Lô, France.

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English unicorne, unikorn, from Anglo-Norman unicorne, Old French unicorne, and their source, Latin ūnicornis, from ūnus (one) + cornū (horn). Other senses from either rarity (e.g., possessing multiple skills) or by physical resemblance to having a horn (e.g., howitzer). The finance sense was coined by American investor Aileen Lee and first used in a 2013 article.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

unicorn (plural unicorns)

  1. A mythical beast resembling a horse or deer with a single, straight, spiraled horn projecting from its forehead.
    Hyponyms: pegacorn, unipeg, unisus
    Meronym: alicorn
    Holonym: blessing
  2. (historical) In various Bible translations, used to render the Latin unicornis or rhinoceros (representing Hebrew רְאֵם‎): a reem or wild ox.
  3. Any large beetle having a horn-like prominence on the head or prothorax, especially the Hercules beetle, Dynastes tityus.
  4. A caterpillar, Schizura unicornis, with a large thorn-like spine on the back near its head.
  5. The kamichi, or unicorn bird.
  6. (military) A howitzer.
  7. Someone or something that is rare and hard to find.
    1. (sexual slang) A single, usually bisexual woman who participates in swinging and/or polyamory.
    2. (business) A person with multidisciplinary expertise, especially three or more skills in a young field such as UX design or data science (e.g., domain knowledge, statistics, and software engineering).
      • 2011 November 1, Braden Kowitz, “Hiring a designer: hunting the unicorn”, in Google Ventures[2]:
        But I also think, “They’re looking for a unicorn — a magical designer who can solve all their problems.” It’s too bad unicorns don’t exist. … I have never met a designer who is an expert in all those skill areas. … Even if you find a unicorn designer with all those skills, actually doing all those things at your company is a huge amount of work.
      • 2015 October 3, Gil Press, “These Are The Skills You Need To (Eventually) Become A $240,000+ Unicorn Data Scientist”, in Forbes[3]:
        He believes that good data scientists, “otherwise known as unicorn data scientists,” have three types of expertise.
    3. (finance) A startup company whose valuation has exceeded one billion U.S. dollars, which is solely backed by venture capitalists, and which has yet to have an IPO.
      Coordinate term: decacorn
      • 2017, Pongsak Hoontrakul, Economic Transformation and Business Opportunities in Asia, Springer (→ISBN), page 273:
        In May 2016, out of 163 global unicorns, China had 31, with a total valuation of $154 billion or about 26 percent of global unicorn valuation.
  8. (attributive) Being many (especially pastel) colours; multicoloured.
    unicorn smoothies
  9. (historical) A 15th-century Scottish gold coin worth 18 shillings, bearing the image of a unicorn.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

unicorn (third-person singular simple present unicorns, present participle unicorning, simple past and past participle unicorned)

  1. (sexual slang) To participate in a sexual threesome as a bisexual addition to an established heterosexual couple.
    • 2017 January 13, E.J. Dickson, “This is why you haven't had a threesome yet”, in New York Post:
      Katja*, 27, has unicorned on two separate occasions.
    • 2017 September 16, Anna Fitzpatrick, “'The Ethical Slut': Inside America's Growing Acceptance of Polyamory”, in Rolling Stone:
      “In Annie’s unicorning, she’s really able to try out other people’s relationships and see how they function from within,” Gillespie tells me.
    • 2018 August 14, How to Be a Great Third in a Threesomeauthor=Allison Tierney:
      “Everyone wants the party, but nobody likes to plan,” explains Vixen Vu, a cam model who has been unicorning since she became sexually active.
    • 2019 September 10, “New Savage Lovecast: Dental Dams Spoiler Alert! (Nobody Uses Them.)”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name):
      Also, Dan speaks with a bisexual man, whose first attempt at unicorning (yes, we verbed the word "unicorn,") went poorly, mainly due to his straight couple maybe getting a little too drunky?
  2. (finance) To exceed a valuation of one billion U.S. dollars, while solely backed by venture capitalists.
    • 2014 November 3, Itay Hod, “The Airbnb of Home-Cooked Meals”, in (Please provide the book title or journal name):
      Since Waze, Soluto and Onavo, both Israeli startups, have had great exits in consumer tech, and Wix “unicorned” through its IPO.
    • 2015 April 30, John Koetsier, “29 martech unicorns: There are now almost 30 $1B+ marketing technology vendors”, in Venture Beat:
      For eager investors looking to score in a future IPO, the eight still-private martech unicorns might be tempting. That list includes Domo, Slack, Sprinklr, Shopify, and EventBrite, all of which have “unicorned,” or surpassed the billion-dollar valuation mark, in the past year or two.
    • 2018 April 1, Adrian Weckler, “Admit it: Irish tech is on the up”, in The Independent:
      For instance, at the same time as Intercom was announcing its unicorning moment, a young Dublin tech company called Let's Get Checked (letsgetchecked.com) raised €10m in a funding round.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Aileen Lee (2013-11-02) , “Welcome To The Unicorn Club: Learning From Billion-Dollar Startups”, in TechCrunch[1]: “We found 39 companies belong to what we call the “Unicorn Club” (by our definition, U.S.-based software companies started since 2003 and valued at over $1 billion by public or private market investors).”

Catalan[edit]

Noun[edit]

unicorn m (plural unicorns)

  1. unicorn

Synonyms[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

unicorn

  1. Alternative form of unicorne