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See also: blað, blaþ, and bláth

Scottish Gaelic[edit]


Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish bláth, from Proto-Celtic *blātus, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (blossom, flower).


blàth m (genitive singular blàith, plural blàthan)

  1. blossom, bloom, flower
    Nach eil na blàthan na siris dìreach àlainn?Aren't the cherry blossoms just lovely?
  2. consequence, effect
  3. heyday

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish bláith (soft, smooth) from earlier mláith, from Proto-Celtic *mlātis (soft, tender), *mlātos (flour), related to *meleti (to grind, crush). Originally meant "ground soft". Cognate with Welsh blawd (flour, meal).


blàth (genitive singular masculine blàith, genitive singular feminine blàithe, nominative plural blàtha, comparative blàithe)

  1. warm
    Tha am bùrn blàth.
    The water is warm.
  2. affectionate, tender, kind
Case Masculine singular Feminine singular Plural
Nominative blàth bhlàth blàtha
Vocative bhlàith bhlàith blàtha
Genitive bhlàith bhlàith/blàithe blàtha
Dative bhlàth bhlàith blàtha


Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
blàth bhlàth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]