bláth

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See also: blað, blaþ, and blàth

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish bláth,[1] from Proto-Celtic *blātus, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (blossom, flower).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bláth m (genitive singular blátha, nominative plural bláthanna)

  1. flower

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

  • bláfar (blooming, beautiful; tidy; demure; florid, adjective)
  • bláthach (flowery, adjective)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
bláth bhláth mbláth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ G. Toner, M. Ní Mhaonaigh, S. Arbuthnot, D. Wodtko, M.-L. Theuerkauf, editors (2019), “bláth”, in eDIL: Electronic Dictionary of the Irish Language
  2. ^ Sjoestedt, M. L. (1931) Phonétique d’un parler irlandais de Kerry (in French), Paris: Librairie Ernest Leroux, § 185, page 93
  3. ^ Finck, F. N. (1899) Die araner mundart (in German), volume II, Marburg: Elwert’sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, page 46
  4. ^ Quiggin, E. C. (1906) A Dialect of Donegal, Cambridge University Press, § 182, page 70

Further reading[edit]

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *blātus, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰleh₃- (blossom, flower).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bláth m

  1. flower
  2. blossom
  3. bloom

Inflection[edit]

Masculine u-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative bláth bláthL bláthae
Vocative bláth bláthL bláthu
Accusative bláthN bláthL bláthu
Genitive bláthoH, bláthaH blátho, blátha bláthaeN
Dative bláthL bláthaib bláthaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: bláth
  • Manx: blaa
  • Scottish Gaelic: blàth

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
bláth bláth
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
mbláth
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]