топъл

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Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *toplъ (in South Slavic), cognate with Old Church Slavonic топлъ (toplŭ), Macedonian топол (topol), Serbo-Croatian tȍpao. In other Slavic branches, the lemma is encountered with e-grade vocalism: e.g. Russian тёплый (tjóplyj), Polish ciepły.

Formally comparable with Bulgarian топо́ла (topóla, poplar) and Bulgarian те́пам (tépam, to beat, to bash), but the genetic relation between them is questionable.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

то́пъл (tópǎl) (adverb то́пло, abstract noun топлота́ or топлина́)

  1. warm (having a temperature slightly higher than usual, but still pleasant)
  2. warm (being something that causes warmth)
  3. warm (having a color in the red-orange-yellow part of the visible electromagnetic spectrum)
    то́пли цветове́tópli cvetovéwarm colors, hues
  4. (of the weather) mild
  5. affectionate, cordial, hearty, warm, genial, kindly

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • топъл in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Institut za bǎlgarski ezik)
  • топъл in Rečnik na bǎlgarskija ezik (Čitanka.Info)