真剣

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 3
けん
Grade: S
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese compound 眞劍 ‎(*tsyin *kjæmH, real sword). Compare modern Mandarin traditional 眞劍 and simplified 真剑 ‎(zhēnjiàn).

The original meaning was real sword. Over time, this shifted, and the term is now often used to mean serious.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

真剣 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 眞劍, -na inflection, hiragana しんけん, romaji shinken)

  1. serious, sincere, intense, honest

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

真剣 ‎(shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 眞劍, hiragana しんけん, romaji shinken)

  1. seriousness
  2. a real metal sword, as opposed to a wooden or bamboo sword

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.
  • 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4000801112
  • 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, ISBN 4469021067