辛い

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
から
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

辛い (-i inflection, hiragana からい, rōmaji karai)

  1. spicy
  2. salty
    Synonyms: 塩辛い
  3. harsh
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
つら
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

辛い (-i inflection, hiragana つらい, rōmaji tsurai)

  1. painful
Inflection[edit]

Suffix[edit]

辛い (hiragana づらい, rōmaji -zurai)

  1. difficult to, hard to
    一様 (いちよう)文字 (もじ) (ちい)さく ()づらかったため[1]
    ichiyō ni moji ga chīsaku yomizurakatta tame
    since the characters were uniformly small and hard to read
     (いっ) (けん)しただけじゃわかり (づら)[2]
    ikken shita dake ja wakarizurai ga
    though it's hard to tell at first sight
Usage notes[edit]

Attaches to the continuative form (連用形) of a verb. Inflects like an -i adjective.

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō