σίδηρος

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Latin sīdus. Some refer this to Proto-Indo-European *sweyd-, whence Latin sūdor, Greek ἱδρώς ‎(hidrṓs), English sweat.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

σίδηρος ‎(sídēros) (genitive σιδήρου); m, second declension

  1. iron
    • c. 90 AD, John of Patmos, Book of Revelation 18:12:
      γόμον χρυσοῦ καὶ ἀργύρου καὶ λίθου τιμίου καὶ μαργαρίτου καὶ βυσσίνου καὶ σηρικοῦ καὶ κοκκίνου, καὶ πᾶν ξύλον θύϊνον καὶ πᾶν σκεῦος ἐλεφάντινον καὶ πᾶν σκεῦος ἐκ ξύλου τιμιωτάτου καὶ χαλκοῦ καὶ σιδήρου καὶ μαρμάρου, []
      gómon khrusoû kaì argúrou kaì líthou timíou kaì margarítou kaì bussínou kaì sērikoû kaì kokkínou, kaì pân xúlon thúïnon kaì pân skeûos elephántinon kaì pân skeûos ek xúlou timiōtátou kaì khalkoû kaì sidḗrou kaì marmárou, []
      The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble, []
  2. iron tool
  3. sword
  4. blacksmith's shop, smithy

Declension[edit]

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References[edit]


Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • σίδερο n ‎(sídero) (the everyday name for the metal)

Noun[edit]

σίδηρος ‎(sídirosm

  1. (chemistry) iron (chemical element)

Declension[edit]

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