ἱδρώς

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Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *swidrōs, from *sweyd- (to sweat) (whence also ἰδίω (idíō), ἶδος (îdos)). Cognates include Old Armenian քիրտն (kʿirtn), Latvian sviedri, and Albanian djersë.

Pronunciation[edit]

(Epic)
 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /hiː.drɔ̌ːs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /(h)iˈdros/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /iˈðros/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /iˈðros/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /iˈðros/
  • (Lyric)
     
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /hi.drɔ̌ːs/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /(h)iˈdros/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /iˈðros/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /iˈðros/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /iˈðros/
  • Noun[edit]

    ῑ̔δρώς or ῐ̔δρώς (hīdrṓs or hidrṓsm, f (genitive ῑ̔δρῶτος or ῐ̔δρῶτος); third declension

    1. sweat, perspiration
    2. gum, sap
    3. juice, moisture
    4. anything earned by the sweat of one's brow

    Usage notes[edit]

    Feminine in Aeolic.

    Inflection[edit]

    Further reading[edit]