քիրտն

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *քիտրն ‎(*kʿitrn), from Proto-Indo-European *swidren- or *swidron-, from *sweyd- ‎(to sweat).

Noun[edit]

քիրտն ‎(kʿirtn

  1. perspiration, sweat
    քիրտն մահու‎ ― kʿirtn mahu ― death sweat, perspiration preceding death
    առատ քիրտն‎ ― aṙat kʿirtn ― copious sweat
    կծու քիրտն‎ ― kcu kʿirtn ― acrid sweat
    գարշահոտ քիրտն‎ ― garšahot kʿirtn ― fetid sweat
    թթու քիրտն‎ ― tʿtʿu kʿirtn ― sour or unpleasant perspiration
    ընդ քիրտն մտանել, հարկանել, ի քրտան լինել‎ ― ənd kʿirtn mtanel, harkanel, i kʿrtan linel ― to sweat, to perspire, to transpire, to be all in a perspiration
    ի քրտունս համակիլ, ողողիլ յաւիշ քրտան‎ ― i kʿrtuns hamakil, ołołil yawiš kʿrtan ― to be all over in a sweat, to be bathed in perspiration
    հարայ ընդ քիրտն ցուրտ‎ ― haray ənd kʿirtn cʿurt ― I fell into a cold sweat
    քիրտն ցուրտ ընդ անդամսն իջանէր‎ ― kʿirtn cʿurt ənd andamsn iǰanēr ― a cold sweat ran from all his members
    ընդ քիրտն եւ ընդ ապաժոյժ գալ‎ ― ənd kʿirtn ew ənd apažoyž gal ― to sweat blood and water, to make great force, to fatigue one's self to death
  2. (figuratively) toil, hard work, fatigue, labour, hardship
    քրտամբք երեսաց հայթայթել զկեանս‎ ― kʿrtambkʿ eresacʿ haytʿaytʿel zkeans ― to earn one's bread or livelihood by the sweat of one's brow

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • քիրտն in Mathias Bedrossian (1879), New Dictionary Armenian–English, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • քիրտն in Hračʿeay Ačaṙean (1971–79), Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words], in 4 vols (second edition), Yerevan: Yerevan State University [Reprint of the original edition: 1926–1935, in 7 volumes, Yerevan]
  • քիրտն in Gabriēl Awetikʿean, Xačʿatur Siwrmēlean, Mkrtičʿ Awgerean (1836–37), Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language, a.k.a. NHB], in 2 vols, Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Robert Godel (1975), An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 79