քիրտն

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Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *քիտրն (*kʿitrn), from Proto-Indo-European *swidren- or *swidron-, from *sweyd- (to sweat).

Noun[edit]

քիրտն (kʿirtn)

  1. perspiration, sweat
    քիրտն մահու‎ ― kʿirtn mahudeath sweat, perspiration preceding death
    առատ քիրտն‎ ― aṙat kʿirtncopious sweat
    կծու քիրտն‎ ― kcu kʿirtnacrid sweat
    գարշահոտ քիրտն‎ ― garšahot kʿirtnfetid sweat
    թթու քիրտն‎ ― tʿtʿu kʿirtnsour or unpleasant perspiration
    ընդ քիրտն մտանել, հարկանել, ի քրտան լինել‎ ― ənd kʿirtn mtanel, harkanel, i kʿrtan linelto sweat, to perspire, to transpire, to be all in a perspiration
    ի քրտունս համակիլ, ողողիլ յաւիշ քրտան‎ ― i kʿrtuns hamakil, ołołil yawiš kʿrtanto be all over in a sweat, to be bathed in perspiration
    հարայ ընդ քիրտն ցուրտ‎ ― haray ənd kʿirtn cʿurtI fell into a cold sweat
    քիրտն ցուրտ ընդ անդամսն իջանէր‎ ― kʿirtn cʿurt ənd andamsn iǰanēra cold sweat ran from all his members
    ընդ քիրտն եւ ընդ ապաժոյժ գալ‎ ― ənd kʿirtn ew ənd apažoyž galto sweat blood and water, to make great force, to fatigue one's self to death
  2. (figuratively) toil, hard work, fatigue, labour, hardship
    քրտամբք երեսաց հայթայթել զկեանս‎ ― kʿrtambkʿ eresacʿ haytʿaytʿel zkeansto earn one's bread or livelihood by the sweat of one's brow

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “քիրտն”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “քիրտն”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “քիրտն”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Godel, Robert (1975) An introduction to the study of classical Armenian, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, page 79