صلاة

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Arabic[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Normalized spelling of earlier صَلَوٰة(ṣalāh), from Classical Syriac ܨܠܘܬ(ṣəlōṯ), whence the denominal root ص ل و(ṣ-l-w).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صَلَاة (ṣalāhf (plural صَلَوَات(ṣalawāt))

  1. verbal noun of صَلَّىٰ(ṣallā, to pray) (form II)
  2. prayer in general; spontaneous prayer
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 9:103:
      وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ صَلَاتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَهُمْ
      wa-ṣalli ʿalayhim ʾinna ṣalātaka sakanun lahum
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 17:110:
      قُلِ ٱدْعُوا اللَّهَ أَوِ ٱدْعُوا ٱلرَّحْمَٰنَ أَيًّا مَا تَدْعُوا فَلَهُ ٱلْأَسْمَاءُ ٱلْحُسْنَى وَلَا تَجْهَرْ بِصَلَاتِكَ وَلَا تُخَافِتْ بِهَا وَٱبْتَغِ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ سَبِيلًا
      quli dʿū l-laha ʾawi dʿū r-raḥmāna ʾayyan mā tadʿū fa-lahu l-ʾasmāʾu l-ḥusnā wa-lā tajhar bi-ṣalātika wa-lā tuḵāfit bihā wa-btaḡi bayna ḏālika sabīlan
      Say (to them, O Mohammed): Call upon (Him by) "God" or call upon (Him by) "ar-Raḥmân" ("The Merciful One"); whichever you call upon (Him by), (remember that) the most beautiful of names belong to Him; and be not very loud in your prayers nor be very quiet but follow a way in between.
  3. a place for prayer or religious worship for non-Muslims, especially Jews; a synagogue
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 22:40:
      وَلَوْلَا دَفْعُ اللَّهِ النَّاسَ بَعْضَهُم بِبَعْضٍ لَّهُدِّمَتْ صَوَامِعُ وَبِيَعٌ وَصَلَوَاتٌ وَمَسَاجِدُ يُذْكَرُ فِيهَا اسْمُ اللَّهِ كَثِيرًا
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  4. (Islam) salat, namaz, prayer
  5. bliss, blessing
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 2:157:
      أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلَوَاتٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ وَرَحْمَةٌ
      ʾūlāʾika ʿalayhim ṣalawātun min rabbihim wa-raḥmatun
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Derived terms[edit]

Declension[edit]

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Related terms[edit]