صلاة

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Arabic[edit]

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Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Normalized spelling of earlier صَلَوٰة(ṣalāh), from Classical Syriac ܨܠܘܬ(ṣəlōṯ), whence the denominal root ص ل و(ṣ-l-w).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

صَلَاة (ṣalāhf (plural صَلَوَات(ṣalawāt))

  1. verbal noun of صَلَّىٰ(ṣallā, to pray) (form II)
  2. prayer in general; spontaneous prayer
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 9:103:
      وَصَلِّ عَلَيْهِمْ إِنَّ صَلَاتَكَ سَكَنٌ لَهُمْ
      wa-ṣalli ʿalayhim ʾinna ṣalātaka sakanun lahum
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 17:110:
      قُلِ ٱدْعُوا ٱللَّهَ أَوِ ٱدْعُوا ٱلرَّحْمَٰنَ أَيًّا مَا تَدْعُوا فَلَهُ ٱلْأَسْمَاءُ ٱلْحُسْنَى وَلَا تَجْهَرْ بِصَلَاتِكَ وَلَا تُخَافِتْ بِهَا وَٱبْتَغِ بَيْنَ ذَٰلِكَ سَبِيلًا
      quli dʿū l-laha ʾawi dʿū r-raḥmāna ʾayyan mā tadʿū fa-lahu l-ʾasmāʾu l-ḥusnā wa-lā tajhar bi-ṣalātika wa-lā tuḵāfit bihā wa-btaḡi bayna ḏālika sabīlan
      Say (to them, O Mohammed): Call upon (Him by) "God" or call upon (Him by) "ar-Raḥmân" ("The Merciful One"); whichever you call upon (Him by), (remember that) the most beautiful of names belong to Him; and be not very loud in your prayers nor be very quiet but follow a way in between.
  3. a place for prayer or religious worship for non-Muslims, especially Jews; a synagogue
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 22:40:
      وَلَوْلَا دَفْعُ ٱللَّهِ النَّاسَ بَعْضَهُم بِبَعْضٍ لَهُدِّمَتْ صَوَامِعُ وَبِيَعٌ وَصَلَوَاتٌ وَمَسَاجِدُ يُذْكَرُ فِيهَا ٱسْمُ اللَّهِ كَثِيرًا
      walawlā dafʿu l-lahi n-nāsa baʿḍahum bibaʿḍin lahuddimat ṣawāmiʿu wabiyaʿun waṣalawātun wamasājidu yuḏkaru fīhā smu l-lahi kaṯīran
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  4. (Islam) salat, namaz, prayer
  5. bliss, blessing
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 2:157:
      أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلَوَاتٌ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ وَرَحْمَةٌ
      ʾūlāʾika ʿalayhim ṣalawātun min rabbihim wa-raḥmatun
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Derived terms[edit]

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Related terms[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic صَلَاة(ṣalāh).

Noun[edit]

صلاة (ṣalā, ṣalaf (plural صلوات(ṣalawāt))

  1. prayer