stratus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin stratus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈstɹeɪtəs/, /ˈstɹætəs/
  • Rhymes: -eɪtəs
  • Hyphenation: stra‧tus

Noun[edit]

stratus (plural strati)

  1. (meteorology) A principal, low-level cloud type in the form of a gray layer with a rather uniform base, usually not associated with precipitation, and capable of producing corona phenomena and a weak, uniform luminance; abbreviated St.

Translations[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈstrɑtus/, [ˈs̠t̪rɑt̪us̠]
  • Hyphenation: stra‧tus

Noun[edit]

stratus

  1. Synonym of sumupilvi (stratus (cloud))

Declension[edit]

Inflection of stratus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative stratus stratukset
genitive stratuksen stratusten
stratuksien
partitive stratusta stratuksia
illative stratukseen stratuksiin
singular plural
nominative stratus stratukset
accusative nom. stratus stratukset
gen. stratuksen
genitive stratuksen stratusten
stratuksien
partitive stratusta stratuksia
inessive stratuksessa stratuksissa
elative stratuksesta stratuksista
illative stratukseen stratuksiin
adessive stratuksella stratuksilla
ablative stratukselta stratuksilta
allative stratukselle stratuksille
essive stratuksena stratuksina
translative stratukseksi stratuksiksi
instructive stratuksin
abessive stratuksetta stratuksitta
comitative stratuksineen

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perfect passive participle of sternō (spread out).

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

strātus m (feminine strāta, neuter strātum); first/second declension

  1. spread, stretched out, spread out, having been spread out
  2. (rare) calmed, stilled, moderated, having been calmed
  3. covered, spread with, scattered with, bestrewn with, having been covered (with)
    1. (of a road, path) paved, covered, having been paved
  4. stretched on the ground, cast down, struck down, prostrated, having been struck down
    1. (by extension) knocked to the ground, demolished, razed, levelled, flattened, having been razed

Inflection[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative strātus strāta strātum strātī strātae strāta
Genitive strātī strātae strātī strātōrum strātārum strātōrum
Dative strātō strātae strātō strātīs strātīs strātīs
Accusative strātum strātam strātum strātōs strātās strāta
Ablative strātō strātā strātō strātīs strātīs strātīs
Vocative strāte strāta strātum strātī strātae strāta

Noun[edit]

strātus m (genitive strātūs); fourth declension

  1. the act of spreading, strewing
  2. a bed-covering, coverlet, quilt, blanket
  3. vocative singular of strātus

strātūs

  1. nominative plural of strātus
  2. genitive singular of strātus
  3. accusative plural of strātus
  4. vocative plural of strātus

Inflection[edit]

Fourth declension.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative strātus strātūs
Genitive strātūs strātuum
Dative strātuī strātibus
Accusative strātum strātūs
Ablative strātū strātibus
Vocative strātus strātūs

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • stratus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • stratus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stratus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • stratus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meissner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a street, a made road: via strata
    • (ambiguous) all have perished by the sword: omnia strata sunt ferro
  • stratus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stratus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly