stratus

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin stratus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈstɹeɪtəs/, /ˈstɹætəs/
  • Rhymes: -eɪtəs
  • Hyphenation: stra‧tus

Noun[edit]

stratus (usually uncountable, plural strati)

  1. (meteorology) A principal, low-level cloud type in the form of a gray layer with a rather uniform base, usually not associated with precipitation, and capable of producing corona phenomena and a weak, uniform luminance; abbreviated St.

Translations[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Latin stratus.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈstrɑtus/, [ˈs̠t̪rɑt̪us̠]
  • Rhymes: -ɑtus
  • Syllabification: stra‧tus

Noun[edit]

stratus

  1. Synonym of sumupilvi (stratus (cloud))

Declension[edit]

Inflection of stratus (Kotus type 39/vastaus, no gradation)
nominative stratus stratukset
genitive stratuksen stratusten
stratuksien
partitive stratusta stratuksia
illative stratukseen stratuksiin
singular plural
nominative stratus stratukset
accusative nom. stratus stratukset
gen. stratuksen
genitive stratuksen stratusten
stratuksien
partitive stratusta stratuksia
inessive stratuksessa stratuksissa
elative stratuksesta stratuksista
illative stratukseen stratuksiin
adessive stratuksella stratuksilla
ablative stratukselta stratuksilta
allative stratukselle stratuksille
essive stratuksena stratuksina
translative stratukseksi stratuksiksi
instructive stratuksin
abessive stratuksetta stratuksitta
comitative stratuksineen
Possessive forms of stratus (type vastaus)
possessor singular plural
1st person stratukseni stratuksemme
2nd person stratuksesi stratuksenne
3rd person stratuksensa

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Perfect passive participle of sternō (spread out). Diachronically, from Proto-Italic *strātos, from Proto-Indo-European *str̥h₃tós. Cognate with Proto-Celtic *stratos (valley), ealier *“spread-out land”, Ancient Greek στρωτός (strōtós, bestrewn, spread, laid out; smooth), στρατός (stratós, army, war band), and Sanskrit स्तृत (stṛtá, bestrewn, spread (out); extended, spacious; covered; overthrown).

Pronunciation[edit]

Participle[edit]

strātus (feminine strāta, neuter strātum); first/second-declension participle

  1. spread, stretched out, spread out, having been spread out
  2. (rare) calmed, stilled, moderated, having been calmed
  3. covered, spread with, scattered with, bestrewn with, having been covered (with)
    1. (of a road, path) paved, covered, having been paved
  4. stretched on the ground, cast down, struck down, prostrated, having been struck down
    1. (by extension) knocked to the ground, demolished, razed, levelled, flattened, having been razed

Declension[edit]

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative strātus strāta strātum strātī strātae strāta
Genitive strātī strātae strātī strātōrum strātārum strātōrum
Dative strātō strātō strātīs
Accusative strātum strātam strātum strātōs strātās strāta
Ablative strātō strātā strātō strātīs
Vocative strāte strāta strātum strātī strātae strāta

Noun[edit]

strātus m (genitive strātūs); fourth declension

  1. the act of spreading, strewing
  2. a bed-covering, coverlet, quilt, blanket
  3. vocative singular of strātus

Declension[edit]

Fourth-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative strātus strātūs
Genitive strātūs strātuum
Dative strātuī strātibus
Accusative strātum strātūs
Ablative strātū strātibus
Vocative strātus strātūs

Synonyms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Catalan: estrat
  • English: stratus
  • Finnish: stratus
  • Old Occitan: estrat

Noun[edit]

strātūs

  1. nominative plural of strātus
  2. genitive singular of strātus
  3. accusative plural of strātus
  4. vocative plural of strātus

References[edit]

  • stratus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • stratus in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stratus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • stratus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • (ambiguous) a street, a made road: via strata
    • (ambiguous) all have perished by the sword: omnia strata sunt ferro
  • stratus in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • stratus in William Smith, editor (1854, 1857) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography, volume 1 & 2, London: Walton and Maberly

Romanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From French stratus, from Latin stratus.

Noun[edit]

stratus m (uncountable)

  1. stratus

Declension[edit]