στρατός

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See also: Στράτος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *stratos, from the root *sterh₃- (to spread, stretch out, extend). Cognates include Latin strātus, Old Irish srath (grass, grassy place), and Sanskrit स्तृत (stṛtá-, bestrewn). Compare στορέννυμι (storénnumi).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /stra.tós/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /straˈtos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /straˈtos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /straˈtos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /straˈtos/
  • Noun[edit]

    στρᾰτός (stratósm (genitive στρᾰτοῦ); second declension

    1. army, military force
      1. (in Homer) the soldiery, the people, exclusive of the chiefs; the common people
      2. any band or body of men, as of the Amphictyons

    Inflection[edit]

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    Greek[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    στρατός (stratósm (plural στρατοί)

    1. army (military force), military

    Declension[edit]

    Synonyms[edit]

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    Further reading[edit]