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Etymology 1[edit]

Perfect passive participle of legō (pick out, select), with long ē from Lachmann's law.[1]



lēctus (feminine lēcta, neuter lēctum, comparative lēctior, superlative lēctissimus); first/second-declension participle

  1. chosen, picked, having been selected
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 4.441:
      Plūrima lēcta rosa est, sunt et sine nōmine flōrēs.
      They picked many a rose, and flowers without a name.
      (Ovid describes the luxuriant field where Persephone and her attendants picked flowers.)
  2. choice, excellent
  3. read, having been read (silently)
  4. recited, having been recited, having been read out loud

First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative lēctus lēcta lēctum lēctī lēctae lēcta
Genitive lēctī lēctae lēctī lēctōrum lēctārum lēctōrum
Dative lēctō lēctō lēctīs
Accusative lēctum lēctam lēctum lēctōs lēctās lēcta
Ablative lēctō lēctā lēctō lēctīs
Vocative lēcte lēcta lēctum lēctī lēctae lēcta
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
  • Friulian: let
  • Istriot: lito
  • Italian: letto
  • Sicilian: lettu
  • French: lit

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Italic *lektos (bed), from Proto-Indo-European *legʰ- (to lie). Related to Ancient Greek λέχος (lékhos).[2]



lectus m (genitive lectī); second declension

  1. bed
    Synonym: strātum
    Puerī sub lectō suntThe boys are under the bed.
    • c. 125 CE – 180 CE, Apuleius, Metamorphoses 2.32:
      mēque statim [] lectō simul et somnō trādidī.
      And immmediately I gave myself simultaneously to both bed and sleep.
  2. couch, sofa

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative lectus lectī
Genitive lectī lectōrum
Dative lectō lectīs
Accusative lectum lectōs
Ablative lectō lectīs
Vocative lecte lectī
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]


  • lectus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • lectus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lectus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • lectus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.
  • Carl Meißner, Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to be confined to one's bed: lecto teneri
    • to rise from one's bed, get up: e lecto or e cubīli surgere
  • lectus”, in The Perseus Project (1999) Perseus Encyclopedia[2]
  • lectus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898), Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • lectus”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890), A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin
  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 333
  2. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) “lectus”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 332