viuda f (plural viudes)
- widow (a woman whose husband has died)
From Latin vidua, ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁widʰéwh₂. In the Middle Ages, jurists introduced a learned Latin borrowing vídua to replace the inherited Old Catalan form viuva (from a Vulgar Latin *viduva). The current form viuda supposedly emerged as a compromise between the two forms. The masculine form was derived from the feminine. Cf. also Spanish viuda, which may have influenced it.
viuda f sg
From Old Spanish viuda, vibda, bibda, biuda, from Latin vidua, following metathesis, and ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁widʰéwh₂. The Spanish word may have had some later influence from the Latin in the Middle Ages; compare the strictly popular Old Spanish form viuva, which is the form also found in Portuguese and Old Catalan, deriving from a Vulgar Latin *viduva.
- Feminine singular of adjective viudo.