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Unknown. Two explanations have been proposed: as a loan from Greek αἰρομένη (airoménē), and as having been borrowed from an Etruscan source; de Vaan (2008) points out that connection with αἰρομένη (airoménē) – the feminine middle/passive participle of αἴρω (aírō), in turn the contracted form of ἀείρω (aeírō) – is problematic, as there is no example in Greek of the use of the feminine form of this participle as a noun meaning "burden"; and that an Etruscan etymology is impossible to prove.[1]



aerumna f (genitive aerumnae); first declension

  1. need, want
  2. trouble, toil, hardship
  3. distress, tribulation, calamity



First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative aerumna aerumnae
Genitive aerumnae aerumnārum
Dative aerumnae aerumnīs
Accusative aerumnam aerumnās
Ablative aerumnā aerumnīs
Vocative aerumna aerumnae


  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008) Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7)‎[1], Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN
  • aerumna”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • aerumna”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • aerumna in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette.