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super- +‎ sum



supersum (present infinitive superesse, perfect active superfuī, future participle superfutūrus); irregular conjugation

  1. I am left over
  2. I survive
  3. I am superfluous
  4. I support, advocate (for), defend


   Conjugation of supersum (highly irregular, suppletive, active only)
indicative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present supersum superes superest supersumus superestis supersunt
imperfect supereram supererās supererat supererāmus supererātis supererant
future supererō supereris, superere supererit supererimus supereritis supererunt
perfect superfuī superfuistī superfuit superfuimus superfuistis superfuērunt, superfuēre
pluperfect superfueram superfuerās superfuerat superfuerāmus superfuerātis superfuerant
future perfect superfuerō superfueris superfuerit superfuerimus superfueritis superfuerint
subjunctive singular plural
first second third first second third
active present supersim supersīs supersit supersīmus supersītis supersint
imperfect superessem, superforem superessēs, superforēs superesset, superforet superessēmus, superforēmus superessētis, superforētis superessent, superforent
perfect superfuerim superfuerīs superfuerit superfuerīmus superfuerītis superfuerint
pluperfect superfuissem superfuissēs superfuisset superfuissēmus superfuissētis superfuissent
imperative singular plural
first second third first second third
active present superes supereste
future superestō superestō superestōte supersuntō
non-finite forms active passive
present perfect future present perfect future
infinitives superesse superfuisse superfutūrus esse, superfore
participles superfutūrus


  • supersum in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • supersum in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • supersum in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette