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From the Late Latin supernumerarius ‎(excessively high in number), from super ‎(above; beyond) + numerum, accusative of numerus ‎(number).


supernumerary ‎(plural supernumeraries)

  1. A civil designation for somebody who works in a group, association or public office, without forming part of the regular staff; those distinguished from numerary. (For example, supernumerary judges are those who help the regular judges when there is a surplus amount of work.)
  2. An extra or walk-on in a film or play; spear-carrier.
  3. This term needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    • 1992, Sarah Anne Sloane, Supernumeraries at bushtit (Psaltriparus minimus) nests (page 50)



supernumerary ‎(not comparable)

  1. Extra; beyond the standard or prescribed amount or number.
    • 1948: Aldous Huxley, Ape and Essence, page 74: 1949 “Chatto & Windus” edition; 1972 “Harper & Row” edition
      Over close-ups of little faces with hare lips, little trunks with stumps instead of legs and arms, little hands with clusters of supernumerary fingers, little bodies adorned with a double row of nipples, we hear the voice of the Narrator.
  2. Greater in number than.
  3. Beyond what is necessary.



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