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From Middle High German geben, Old High German geban, from Proto-Germanic *gebaną, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰab(ʰ)-, *gʰabʰ-, *gʰebʰ-. Akin to Middle Low German gēven, Low German geven, Dutch geven, Middle Dutch ghēven, English give (obsolete yive), Old English giefan, Swedish giva, ge, Danish give, Old Saxon geҍan, Old Norse gefa, Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌱𐌰𐌽 (giban).

Further Indo-European cognates: Latin habēre, Polish gabać and possibly Albanian jap


IPA(key): /ˈɡeːbən/

  • (Standard, Germany) IPA(key): [ɡeːb(ə)n], [ɡeːbn̩]
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -eːbən
  • Hyphenation: ge‧ben


geben (class 5 strong, third-person singular simple present gibt, past tense gab, past participle gegeben, past subjunctive gäbe, auxiliary haben)

  1. (transitive) To give; to hand
    Gib mir das!Give me that!
  2. (transitive) To present; to put
  3. (impersonal, transitive) there to be (there is; there are); indicates that something exists.
    • 2000, Eurobarometer: Public Opinion in the European Union, →ISBN, Page 8:
      Es gibt eine europäische kulturelle Identität, die von allen Europäern geteilt wird.
      “There is a European cultural identity, which is shared by all Europeans.”



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