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See also: Español



Compare Spanish español


español m sg (feminine singular española, neuter singular español, masculine plural españoles, feminine plural españoles)

  1. Spanish; pertaining to Spain, its people, culture,environment or language


gend/num singular plural
masculine español españoles
feminine española españoles
neuter español -


español m sg (feminine singular española, masculine plural españoles, feminine plural españoles)

  1. a Spaniard (man)

español m (uncountable)

  1. Spanish, Castilian (language)



Compare Spanish español.


español m (feminine singular española, masculine plural españois, feminine plural españolas)

  1. Spanish; pertaining to Spain, its people, culture, or language


español m (plural españois, feminine española, feminine plural españolas)

  1. Spaniard (man)
  2. Spanish, Castilian (language)



Probably a thirteenth-century borrowing from Old Occitan espaignol (compare modern Occitan espanhòl, Catalan espanyol, Portuguese espanhol, French espagnol), from Vulgar Latin *Hispaniolus (of Spain)[1], from Latin Hispānus, from Hispānia. According to phonetic rules, if inherited from Latin, the Castilian Spanish result would have been *españuelo (though some argue that this did not take root because the suffix -uelo would be perceived as diminutive; more likely, it was simply because there was no need at the time for a common secular name for all the inhabitants of Christian Iberia/Spain, and a common identity as a unified people or entity had not yet been formed. Until then, the people used cristiano (Christian) to refer to themselves). The word español was supposedly imported from Provence by a medieval chronicler (it was originally introduced by pilgrims in Santiago) because there was no existing translation of the earlier Roman word Hispani when writing a chronicle of Spanish history, but this was the word Provençal speakers used to refer to the Christian kingdoms of what would later become Spain[2]. In Old Spanish there was also a form españón which disappeared after the first half of the 14th century, possibly derived from a Vulgar Latin *Hispaniōnem[3]. Compare also espanesco, the word Mozarabic speakers used for themselves, presumably from a Vulgar Latin *Hispaniscus.[4]


  • IPA(key): /espaˈɲol/, [es.paˈɲol]
  • (file)


español (feminine española, masculine plural españoles, feminine plural españolas)

  1. Spanish (from or native to Spain)
  2. Spanish (pertaining to Spain or to the language)

Derived terms[edit]


español m (plural españoles, feminine española, feminine plural españolas)

  1. Spaniard (man)
  2. the Spanish language
    Synonym: castellano

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


  • English: Hispaniola (from the feminine española)
  • Hawaiian: Paniolo

Further reading[edit]