español

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See also: espanol

Asturian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Spanish español.

Adjective[edit]

español m sg ‎(feminine singular española, neuter singular español, masculine plural españoles, feminine plural españoles)

  1. Spanish; pertaining to Spain, its people, culture, or language

Inflection[edit]

gend/num singular plural
masculine español españoles
feminine española españoles
neuter español -

Noun[edit]

español m sg ‎(feminine singular española, masculine plural españoles, feminine plural españoles)

  1. a Spaniard (man)

Proper noun[edit]

español m

  1. Spanish, Castilian (language)

Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Spanish español.

Adjective[edit]

español m (feminine singular española, masculine plural españois, feminine plural españolas)

  1. Spanish; pertaining to Spain, its people, culture, or language

Noun[edit]

español m ‎(plural españois, feminine española, feminine plural españolas)

  1. Spaniard (man)
  2. Spanish, Castilian (language)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Probably a thirteenth-century borrowing from Old Provençal espaignol (compare modern Occitan espanhòl, Catalan espanyol, French espagnol), from Vulgar Latin *Hispaniolus(of Spain)[1], from Latin Hispānus, from Hispania. According to phonetic rules, if inherited from Latin, the Castilian Spanish result would have been *españuelo (though some argue that this did not take root because the suffix -uelo would be perceived as diminutive; more likely, it was simply because there was no need at the time for a common secular name for all the inhabitants of Christian Iberia/Spain, and a common identity as a unified people or entity had not yet been formed. Until then, the people used cristiano(Christian) to refer to themselves). The word español was supposedly imported from Provence by a medieval chronicler (it was originally introduced by pilgrims in Santiago) because there was no existing translation of the earlier Roman word Hispani when writing a chronicle of Spanish history, but this was the word Provençal speakers used to refer to the Christian kingdoms of what would later become Spain[2]. In Old Spanish there was also a form españón which disappeared after the first half of the 14th century, possibly derived from a Vulgar Latin *Hispaniōnem[3]. Compare also espanesco, the word Mozarabic speakers used for themselves, presumably from a Vulgar Latin *Hispaniscus.[4]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

español m ‎(feminine singular española, masculine plural españoles, feminine plural españolas)

  1. Spanish (from or native to Spain)
  2. Spanish (pertaining to Spain or to the language)

Noun[edit]

español m ‎(plural españoles, feminine española)

  1. Spaniard (man)
  2. the Spanish language

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://dle.rae.es/?id=GUSX1EQ
  2. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=uJdbJK_sl2oC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false
  3. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=V4f8ZpJAhgIC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false
  4. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=uJdbJK_sl2oC&printsec=frontcover&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false