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This Latin entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.
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From Latin Hispānus (Hispanic; Spanish) < Hispānia, with diminutive -olus.


  • IPA(key): /spaˈɲɔːl/, [es-]


*Hispāniolus (feminine *Hispāniola, neuter *Hispāniolum); first/second-declension adjective (Proto-Gallo-Romance)

  1. Of Spain (or the Iberian peninsula)


First/second declension.

Italo-Western declension of *hispāniolus
Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative *ẹspaniǫ́lọs *ẹspaniǫ́la *ẹspaniǫ́lọ *ẹspaniǫ́li *ẹspaniǫ́lę *ẹspaniǫ́la
genitive *ẹspaniǫ́li *ẹspaniǫ́lę *ẹspaniǫ́li *ẹspaniǫlọ́rọ *ẹspaniǫlárọ *ẹspaniǫlọ́rọ
dative *ẹspaniǫ́lọ *ẹspaniǫ́lę *ẹspaniǫ́lọ *ẹspaniǫ́lis *ẹspaniǫ́lis *ẹspaniǫ́lis
accusative-ablative *ẹspaniǫ́lọ *ẹspaniǫ́lã *ẹspaniǫ́lọ *ẹspaniǫ́lọs *ẹspaniǫ́las *ẹspaniǫ́la


  • Franco-Provençal: èspagnol, èspanyol
  • Old Occitan: espaignol (see there for further descendants)