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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



*perd- (imperfective)[1]

  1. to fart loudly, pass gas, break wind


Derived terms[edit]

  • *pérd-e-tor (deponent thematic root present)
  • *pr̥d-éh₁ye-ti (stative)[2]
    • Proto-Balto-Slavic: *pirdḗˀtei
      • Proto-Slavic: *pьrdě̀ti (see there for further descendants)
  • *pr̥d-kéh₂[3]
  • *pr̥d-u-s[4]
    • Proto-Germanic: *furtuz, *fertaną (see there for further descendants)
      • Proto-West Germanic: *furtu (see there for further descendants)


  1. ^ Rix, Helmut, editor (2001), “*perd-”, in Lexikon der indogermanischen Verben [Lexicon of Indo-European Verbs] (in German), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, →ISBN, pages 473-474
  2. ^ Derksen, Rick (2008), “*pьrdě̀ti”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 428
  3. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009), “frikkā”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, →ISBN, page 140
  4. ^ Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*furtu-”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 162