Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/priHós

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From *preyH- +‎ *-ós.

Adjective[edit]

*priHós[1]

  1. beloved
  2. happy

Inflection[edit]

Thematic
masculine feminine
nominative *priHós *priHéh₂
genitive *priHósyo *priHéh₂s
masculine singular dual plural
nominative *priHós *priHóh₁ *priHóes
vocative *priHé *priHóh₁ *priHóes
accusative *priHóm *priHóh₁ *priHóns
genitive *priHósyo *? *priHóoHom
ablative *priHéad *? *priHómos
dative *priHóey *? *priHómos
locative *priHéy, *priHóy *? *priHóysu
instrumental *priHóh₁ *? *priHṓys
feminine singular dual plural
nominative *priHéh₂ *priHéh₂h₁(e) *priHéh₂es
vocative *priHéh₂ *priHéh₂h₁(e) *priHéh₂es
accusative *priHā́m *priHéh₂h₁(e) *priHéh₂n̥s
genitive *priHéh₂s *? *priHéh₂oHom
ablative *priHéh₂s *? *priHéh₂mos
dative *priHéh₂ey *? *priHéh₂mos
locative *priHéh₂, *priHéh₂i *? *priHéh₂su
instrumental *priHéh₂h₁ *? *priHéh₂bʰi
neuter singular dual plural
nominative *priHóm *priHóy(h₁) *priHéh₂
vocative *priHóm *priHóy(h₁) *priHéh₂
accusative *priHóm *priHóy(h₁) *priHéh₂
genitive *priHósyo *? *priHóoHom
ablative *priHéad *? *priHómos
dative *priHóey *? *priHómos
locative *priHéy, *priHóy *? *priHóysu
instrumental *priHóh₁ *? *priHṓys

Descendants[edit]

  • Celtic: *ɸriyos
    • Brythonic: *rɨð (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *frijaz (see there for further descendants)
  • Indo-Iranian:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ringe, Don (2006) From Proto-Indo-European to Proto-Germanic, Oxford University Press