Reconstruction:Proto-Semitic/ṣ́abuʿ-

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This Proto-Semitic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Semitic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Egyptian zꜣb (pyr, jackal), East Chadic *ǯabiy- (hyaena), West Chadic *ǯib- (viverra). The name might come from the painting of the animal, for Hebrew צָבַע (tsaváʿ) means “to color”.

Noun[edit]

*ṣ́abuʿ-

  1. hyena

Descendants[edit]

  • Akkadian: [script needed] (būṣu) (with metathesis)
  • Arabic: ضَبُع (ḍabuʿ)
  • Ge'ez: ፅዕብ (ṣ́əʿb) (with metathesis)
  • Hebrew: צָבוֹעַ (ṣāḇūaʿ)
  • Classical Syriac: ܐܦܥܐ (ʾap̱ʿā) (with some corruptions)
  • Soqotri: ḍabʿ

References[edit]

  • Leslau, Wolf (1991) Comparative Dictionary of Geʿez (Classical Ethiopic), 2nd edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, →ISBN, page 147
  • Riede, Peter (2002) Im Spiegel der Tiere. Studien zum Verhältnis von Mensch und Tier im alten Israel. (Orbis Biblicus et Orientalis; 187) (in German), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, →ISBN, pages 172–173
  • Kogan, Leonid (2011), “Proto-Semitic Lexicon”, in Weninger, Stefan, editor, The Semitic Languages. An International Handbook (Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft – Handbooks of Linguistics and Communication Science; 36), Berlin: De Gruyter, →ISBN, page 208