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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



From Proto-Balto-Slavic *kirmis, *kirwis, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷr̥mis (worm).

Balto-Slavic cognates include Lithuanian kirmìs (worm, maggot, snake), Latvian cirmis (worm, maggot, caterpillar), cirmenis (maggot) and Old Prussian girmis (maggot).

Other Indo-European cognates include Sanskrit कृमि (kṛmi, worm), Old Irish cruim (worm, maggot), Welsh pryf (worm).


*čь̑rvь m

  1. worm


Related terms[edit]



  • Derksen, Rick (2008) Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 15504 6, page 93
  • Trubačev O. N., editor (1977), “čьrvь”, in Etimologičeskij slovarʹ slavjanskix jazykov [Etymological dictionary of Slavic languages] (in Russian), volume 04, Moscow: Nauka, page 171
  • Verweij, Arno (1994), “Quantity Patterns of Substantives in Czech and Slovak”, in Dutch Contributions to the Eleventh International Congress of Slavists, Bratislava (Studies in Slavic and General Linguistics), volume 22, Editions Rodopi B.V., page 539