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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



Unclear. Has been compared with Latvian šķeders (shredded), Lithuanian kãdaras (shred, scrap), kedė́ti (to rupture, to split), skedervà (splinter). Formally matches Ancient Greek σκεθρός (skethrós, scant), however, potential relation is considered dubious (on semantic basis) by Vasmer.

If not for the circumflex intonation, could be akin to Ancient Greek σκεδάννυμι (skedánnumi), σκεδάω (skedáō, to disperse), possibly Proto-West Germanic *skatrōn (to shatter), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kedh₂- (to shred, to split apart) + *-rъ. If correct, could be related to Proto-Slavic *ščęděti (to spare) (compare doubletive Ukrainian ща́дрий (ščádryj, bountiful) < *ščędrъ).



  1. generous (for person)
  2. bountiful (for treatment)


Derived terms[edit]


Further reading[edit]

  • Vasmer, Max (1964–1973) “ще́дрый”, in Oleg Trubachyov, transl., Этимологический словарь русского языка [Etymological Dictionary of the Russian Language] (in Russian), Moscow: Progress
  • Melnychuk, O. S., editor (2012), “ще́дрий”, in Етимологічний словник української мови [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), volumes 6 (У – Я), Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, →ISBN, page 502
  • Young, Steven (2008) “Winter’s law and etymologies, with special reference to Lithuanian”, in Baltistica, volume 43, pages 201-215


  1. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001) “ščedrъ ščedra ščedro”, in Common Slavic Accentological Word List[1], Copenhagen: Editiones Olander:b (SA 123; PR 136)