Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/ščedrъ

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Asterisk.svg
This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Unclear. Has been compared with Latvian šķeders (shredded), Lithuanian kãdaras (shred, scrap), kedė́ti (to rupture, to split), skedervà (splinter). Formally matches Ancient Greek σκεθρός (skethrós, scant), however, potential relation is considered dubious (on semantic basis) by Vasmer.

If not for the circumflex intonation, could be akin to Ancient Greek σκεδάννυμι (skedánnumi), σκεδάω (skedáō, to disperse), possibly Proto-West Germanic *skatrōn (to shatter), perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kedh₂- (to shred, to split apart) + *-rъ. If correct, could be related to Proto-Slavic *ščęděti (to spare) (compare doubletive Ukrainian ща́дрий (ščádryj, bountiful) < *ščędrъ).

Adjective[edit]

*ščedrъ[1]

  1. generous (for person)
  2. bountiful (for treatment)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Olander, Thomas (2001), “ščedrъ ščedra ščedro”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “b (SA 123; PR 136)”