Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This Proto-Uralic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.



One of the words reflected only within the traditionally assumed Finno-Ugric subgroup. Samoyedic *utå however appears to be an innovation: in inherited vocabulary *u shifts to *ə before following original *-a, compare e.g. *kupsa-, *muďa, *muna, *puna-.



  1. hand


  • Ugric:
    • Hungarian: kéz
    • Khanty:
      • Eastern: кӧт (köt)
      • Southern: [script needed] (ket)
    • Mansi:
      • Northern: ка̄т (kāt)
      • Eastern: [script needed] (köät)
      • Southern: [script needed] (kǟt)
  • Permic:
    • Komi:
      • Komi-Permyak: ки (ki)
      • Komi-Zyrian: ки (ki)
    • Udmurt: ки (ki)
  • Mari:
  • Mordvinic:
  • Samic: *kietë (see there for further descendants)
  • Finnic: *käci (see there for further descendants)


  • Rédei, Károly (1986–88) Uralisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Uralic Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó
  • Sammallahti, Pekka. 1988. "Historical phonology of the Uralic languages, with special reference to Samoyed, Ugric and Permic". In Sinor, Denis (ed.), The Uralic Languages: Description, History and Foreign Influences, pp. 478–554. Leiden: Brill. →ISBN.

External links[edit]

  • Entry #271 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Research Institute for Linguistics, Hungarian Academy of Sciences.