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Use this template in the etymology section of a term with a derivation from an uncertain Chinese language. When the specific language is known (Mandarin, Cantonese, Min Nan, etc.) please use {{etyl}} or {{der}} with the relevant language code.


  • The template requires at least one parameter, the Sinitic word to be linked to. The word is automatically wrapped up in Hani language/script tags to implement an appropriate font and size for Han script. For this reason, pinyin should not be used. There are also five optional parameters:
    2: the gloss (brief explanation) for 1
    3: a second Sinitic term to be linked to
    4: the gloss for 3
    5: a third Sinitic term to be linked to
    6: the gloss for 5
  • The template is also used to covered the etymologies of non-Sino-Vietnamese words of Chinese origin. These are the words that some Sinologists agree to derive from Chinese through speech (rather than through writing like Sino-Vietnamese), even though they are often thought of by Vietnamese speakers as native. The display of the template for this use is triggered if one of these three parameters is used with any given value:
    hv: non-specified non-Sino-Vietnamese item
    nat: nativized non-Sino-Vietnamese item, borrowed after Sino-Vietnamese was well established
    preMC: non-Sino-Vietnamese item borrowed, borrowed before Sino-Vietnamese was well established
    If one of the above parameters are used, 2 becomes the optional parameter for the gloss of the original Chinese item, and 3 becomes the corresponding Sino-Vietnamese reading.