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The plural of Latin anthropophagus, from Ancient Greek ἀνθρωποφάγος (anthrōpophágos, man-eating), English since 1581 (as an ethnonym). Use of the singular anthropophagus is rare.



  1. plural of anthropophagus
    • 1581, B. Gilpin, A godly sermon preached in the court at Greenwich
      Histories make mention of a people called Anthropophagi, eaters of men.
    • 1837, J. D. Lang, An historical and statistical account of New South Wales I. 386
      A poor New Zealander, whose forefathers had from time immemorial been anthropophagi.
    • c. 1603–1604, William Shakespeare, “The Tragedie of Othello, the Moore of Venice”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Published According to the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, published 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act 1, (please specify the scene number in lowercase Roman numerals)]:
      It was my hint to speak,—such was the process;
      And of the Cannibals that each other eat,
      The Anthropophagi, and men whose heads
      Do grow beneath their shoulders.

Alternative forms[edit]

  • capitalized Anthropophagi, as the name of a supposed people of man-eaters in ancient ethnography.

Derived terms[edit]




  1. nominative plural of anthrōpophagus
  2. genitive singular of anthrōpophagus
  3. vocative plural of anthrōpophagus


  • anthropophagi in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers