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Greenlandic cardinal numbers
 <  5 6 7  > 
    Cardinal : arfinillit


Fortescue proposes derivation from Proto-Eskimo *aʁvaɣ (edge of the hand), referring to something which comes after reaching the fifth finger. Alternatively, Dorais and Starostin both propose derivation from Proto-Inuit *aʁvi-, from Proto-Eskimo *aʁvi-, both meaning "cross over", referring to crossing over to the next hand after reaching the fifth digit.



  1. six


  • Fortescue, Michael; Jacobson, Steven; Kaplan, Lawrence (2010). Comparative Eskimo Dictionary with Aleut Cognates, Fairbanks: Alaska Native Language Center.
  • Starostin, George (ed.) 2011-2019. The Global Lexicostatistical Database, Moscow: Higher School of Economics, & Santa Fe: Santa Fe Institute. Available online at
  • Dorais, L. (2010). Language of the Inuit: Syntax, Semantics, and Society in the Arctic. McGill-Queen's University Press.