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Alternative forms[edit]


Ultimately borrowed from Proto-Celtic *kurmi (beer).


  • (Classical) IPA(key): /kerˈu̯eː.si.a/, [kɛrˈu̯eːs̠iä]
  • (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /t͡ʃerˈve.si.a/, [t͡ʃerˈvɛːs̬iä]
  • Note: the -i- spellings possibly reflect the merger of /i/ and /e:/ with the quality of [e] but with loss of distinctive length. No Romance descendant points to /i:/. Palatalisation of /s/ (indicated by the -sa spellings) compounds the issue, with what seems like a single short -i- standing for a heavy syllable.


cervēsia f (genitive cervēsiae); first declension

  1. beer, (especially) of higher quality, made of wheat[1]
    Cēterum cēnseō cervēsiam esse bibendam.
    As for the rest, I am of the opinion that we (or everybody) should have some beer.


First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative cervēsia cervēsiae
Genitive cervēsiae cervēsiārum
Dative cervēsiae cervēsiīs
Accusative cervēsiam cervēsiās
Ablative cervēsiā cervēsiīs
Vocative cervēsia cervēsiae


Derived terms[edit]



  1. ^ Max Nelson (25 February 2005) The Barbarian's Beverage: A History of Beer in Ancient Europe[1], Routledge, →ISBN, pages 50–51

Further reading[edit]

  • cervesia”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • cervesia in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette
  • cervesia in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • cervesia”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • cervesia”, in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin