cride

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *kridyom, from Proto-Indo-European *ḱḗr.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

cride n (genitive cridi, nominative plural cride)

  1. heart
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 7d10
      ɔrop inonn cretem bes hi far cridiu et a n-as·beraid hó bélib
      so that the belief which is in your pl heart and what you utter with [your] lips may be the same
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 14c23
      co beid .i. co mbed a ndéde sin im labrad-sa .i. gáu et fír .i. combad sain a n‑as·berin ó bélib et aní imme·rádin ó chridiu
      so that there may be, i.e. so that those two things might be in my speaking, namely false and true, i.e. so that what I might say with [my] mouth and what I might think with [my] heart might be different

Declension[edit]

Neuter io-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative cride crideL crideL
Vocative cridi crideL crideL
Accusative cride crideL crideL
Genitive cridiL crideL crideN
Dative cridiuL cridib cridib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: croí
  • Manx: cree
  • Scottish Gaelic: cridhe

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
cride chride cride
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]